Africa 2020: Further reading

This is a selection of open access publications about the (history of the) 17 African countries that gained independence in 1960, compiled on the occasion of the Africa 2020 year. It contains BBC profiles, articles, books, chapters, blogs, podcasts and videos. The list will be updated regularly. Suggestions are welcome, please send them to Germa Seuren: g.seuren@asc.leidenuniv.nl.
 

Benin

Timeline: Benin profile - BBC News. Last updated 2019.

Article: Benin. South African History Online. Produced 21 March 2011. Last Updated 17 October 2019

Publication: The legacies of transition governments in Africa: the cases of Benin and Togo / Jennifer C. Seely. - New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2009.

Publication: Analyse de la dynamique de l’économie informelle au Bénin / Kassim Assouma. - Cotonou: FES Benin, 2019.

Burkina Faso

Timeline: Burkina Faso profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Publication: Historical Dictionary of Burkina Faso / Daniel Miles McFarland and Lawrence Rupley. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1998. See chronology and introduction (pages xxvii-4) for independence history.

Publication: From Upper Volta to Burkina Faso: a study of the politics of reaction and reform in a post-colonial African nation-state, 1960-1987 / Bryan J. Williamson. Scholar Commons, Graduate Theses and Dissertations (2013)

Publication: Tinder to the fire: Burkina Faso in the conflict zone / Rahmane Idrissa. RLS Research papers on peace and conflict studies in West and Central Africa, no. 02 (2019)

Podcast: Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Maurice Yameogo (1-4) - RFI (2010)
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Cameroon

Timeline : Cameroon profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

ASCL Infosheet: Cameroon at 60 / Ton Dietz, David Ehrhardt, Fenneken Veldkamp. Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2020.

Publication: The Political Evolution of Cameroon, 1884-1961 / Victor Julius Ngoh. - Portland: Portland State University, 1979

Publication: Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Cameroon / Mark Dike DeLancey, Rebecca Neh Mbuh, Mark W. DeLancey. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2010. See chronology and introduction (pages 32-56) for independence history.

Publication: An ethnographic study on mobile money attitudes, perceptions and usages in Cameroon, Congo DRC, Senegal and Zambia / M.E. de Bruijn, I.C. Butter & A.S. Fall. Leiden: Leiden University, 2017.

Blog: Disposable people 2 Cameroon The Anglophone crisis escalates Counter Voices in Africa / Mirjam de Bruijn (2018)

Podcast : Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Ahmadou Ahidjo (1-8) - RFI (2010)
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Video: Spécial 60 ans de l'indépendance du Cameroun / RFI, YouTube Channel (2020)

Central African Republic

Timeline: Central African Republic profile.- BBC News. Last updated 2018.

ASCL Publication: The historical long-term in the politics of the Central African Republic insights from the biography of Barthélémy Boganda / K. van Walraven.  ASC Working Paper 146 (2019)

Publication: Central African Republic (1960-present). University of Central Arkansas, Political Science Department. Last updated 2019.

Blog: Rumours on the Ubangui / C. Wilson (2018)

Podcast : Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Barthélémy Boganda (1-6). - RFI (2010)
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Podcast : Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - David Dacko (1-6) - RFI (2010)
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Chad

Timeline: Chad profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Article: Tchad brève histoire politique jusqu’à 1990. Église de Mongo (2008)

Article: Chad. South African History Online. Produced 21 March 2011. Last Updated 25 November 2019.

Publication: Youth between state and rebel (dis) orders contesting legitimacy from below in Sub-Sahara Africa / Mirjam de Bruijn and Jonna Both. In: Small wars and insurgencies, vol. 28 (2017) nos. 4-5, pp 779-798.

Blog by Mirjam de Bruijn - Articles on Chad.

Video: Africa... States of Independence - Chad - Al Jazeera English YouTube Channel (2010)

Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)

Timeline: Republic of Congo profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Publication: Historical Dictionary of Republic of Congo / John F. Clark, Samuel Decalo. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2012. (via Google Books) See introduction (pages 1-28) for independence history.

ASCL Blog: Spirits and Love under the Mango Trees: Dutch-Congolese Heritage at a Cemetery in Brazzaville / Klaas van Walraven (2020)

Podcast: Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Fulbert Youlou (1-10) - RFI (2010)
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Côte d'Ivoire

Timeline: Ivory Coast profile - BBC News. Last updated 2019.

Publication: Historical Dictionary of Cote d'Ivoire (The Ivory Coast) / Cyril K. Daddieh. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2016. (via Google Books) See chronology and introduction (pages xxix-44) for independence history.

ASCL Publication: Militarized youths in Western Côte d'Ivoire : local processes of mobilization, demobilization, and related humanitarian interventions (2002-2007) / Magali Chelpi-den Hamer. Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2007.

Podcast : Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Félix Houphouët-Boigny (1-6) - RFI (2010)
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Video: Africa... States of Independence - Ivory Coast - Al Jazeera English YouTube Channel (2010)

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)

Timeline: Democratic Republic of Congo profile - BBC News (2019)

Publication: Historical Dictionary of the Democratic Republic of the Congo / Emizet François Kisangani and F. Scott Bobb. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2010. See chronology and introduction (pages 32-93) for independence history.

Publication: La pensée politique de Patrice Emery Lumumba / Par Jean-Paul Sartre (1963)

Publication: Conflict (im)mobiles : biographies of mobility along the Ubangi River in Central Africa / Catherina Wilson. [The Netherlands] : [publisher not identified], [2019]

Podcast : Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Patrice Emery Lumumba (1-4) - RFI (2010)
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Video: Africa ... States of Independence - DR Congo - Al Jazeera English YouTube Channel (2010)

Gabon

Timeline: Gabon profile - BBC News. Last updated 2019.

Article: Gabon. South African History Online. Produced 21 March 2011. Last Updated 17 December 2019.

Publication: Politics and the longue durée of African oil communities: rentierism, hybrid governance, and anomie in Gamba (Gabon), c. 1950s - 2015 (and beyond) / Joseph N. Mangarella. - [The Netherlands] : [publisher not identified], [2019]

Podcast: Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Léon Mba (1-2) - RFI (2010)
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Madagascar

Timeline: Madagascar profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Article: Madagascar’s fight for independence / Masika sipa. Mada Magazine. Accessed 9-1-2020.

Publication: Political Change in Madagascar: populist democracy or neopatrimonialism by another name? / Richard R. Marcus. ISS Paper 89 (August 2004)

Publication: Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Madagascar / Philip M. Allen and Maureen Covell. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2005. See chronology and introduction (pages 29-85) for independence history.

Publication: Histoire de Madagascar. - AMADRO (2007)

Podcast: Portrait de Philibert Tsiranana (1-2) - RFI (2013).
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Mali

Timeline: Mali profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Publication: Old homes and new homelands: imagining the nation and remembering expulsion in the wake of the Mali Federation’s collapse / Marie Rodet and Brandon County. In: Africa: Journal of the International Africa Institute, 88 (3). pp. 469-491.

ASCL Publication: Sahelian pathways: climate and society in Central and South Mali / Mirjam de Bruijn, Han van Dijk, Mayke Kaag, Kiky van Til (eds.). - Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2005.

ASCL Publication: Disputed desert: decolonisation, competing nationalisms and Tuareg rebellions in Northern Mali / Baz Lecocq. - Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Blog by Mirjam de Bruijn - Articles on Mali.

Podcast: Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Modibo Keïta (1-6) - RFI (2010)
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Mauritania

Timeline: Mauritania profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Article: Mauritania's past doesn't want to go away / Elemine Mustapha, Francisco Freire. Africa is a country (2019)

Publication: Mauritania: a country study / Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, ed. by Robert Earl Handloff. Library of Congress. Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Divsion, Library of Congress, 1990.

Podcast: Archives d'Afrique - Portrait de Moktar Ould Daddah (1-4) - RFI (2010)
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Niger

Timeline: Niger profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

ASCL Publication: The yearning for relief: a history of the Sawaba movement in Niger / Klaas van Walraven. Leiden: Brill, 2013.

Podcast: Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Hamani Diori (1-4)
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Podcast : Archives d’Afrique - Hamani Diori ou l'indépendance du Niger - RFI (2019)

Nigeria

Timeline: Nigeria profile - BBC News. Last updated 2019.

Article: Impact of nationalist movement on the actualization of Nigerian independence, 1914-1960 / Kelechi Chika Ubaku, Chikezie Anyalewachi Emeh, Chinenye Nkiruhttp Anyikwa. In: International Journal of History and Philosophical Research vol.2 (2014), no.1, pp 54-67.

Publication: Historical Dictionary of Nigeria / Toyin Falola and Ann Genova. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2009. See chronology and introduction (pages xix-xlii) for independence history.

ASCL Publication: Dangote cement: an African success story? / Akinyinka Akinyoade & Chibuike Uche. Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2016.

Video: Africa ... States of Independence - Nigeria - Al Jazeera YouTube Channel (2010)

Senegal

Timeline: Senegal profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

ASCL Publication: Islam et engagements au Sénégal / sous la direction de Mayke Kaag. - Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2011.

Podcast: Spéciale Archives d'Afrique - Portrait de Léopold Sédar Senghor (1-16) - RFI (2012)
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Video: Africa... States of Independence - Senegal - Al Jazeera English YouTube Channel (2010) 

Somalia

Timeline: Somalia profile - BBC News. Last updated 2018.

Article: Somalia. South African History Online. Produced 05 September 2016. Last Updated 18 April 2019.

Publication: Historical Dictionary of Somalia / Mohamed Haji Mukhta. - Lanham : The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2003. See chronology and introduction (pages xxv-9) for independence history.

ASCL Publication: The Islamic Courts Union: the ebb and flow of a Somali Islamist movement / Jon Abbink. In: Movers and shakers : social movements in Africa. Leiden: African Studies Centre,

Togo

Timeline: Togo profile - BBC News. Last updated  2018.

Article: Togo. South African History Online. Produced 21 March 2011. Last Updated 17 October 2019.

Publication: Political History of Togo / Djifa Kothor. Center for African Studies. University of Illinois, African Students Organization (2012)

Publication: The legacies of transition governments in Africa: the cases of Benin and Togo / Jennifer C. Seely. - New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2009.

Podcast: Portrait de Sylvanus Olympio (1-8) - RFI (2010)
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