Library Weekly

The ASCL's Library Weekly is our library’s weekly spotlight on African people and events. Inspired by the SciHiBlog, this service is based on information retrieved from Wikipedia and Wikidata and is completed with selected titles from the ASCL Library Catalogue. 

N.B. The weeklies are not updated and reflect the state of information at a given point in time.

Library Weekly archive

Sharpeville Massacre

Graves of the 69 victims of the Sharpeville Massacre (Foto: Andrew Hall, Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-4.0)On 21 March 1960, the South African Police opened fire on a crowd of black African protesters demonstrating against pass laws at the Sharpeville police station, killing 69 and injuring 180 people in what became known as the Sharpeville Massacre. The protest in Sharpeville was one of the first and most violent demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa. “Sharpeville” has been viewed as a turning point in South Africa’s modern history. It persuaded the liberation movements that there was no point in civil rights-style activism and served as the catalyst for the formation of military wings. 
Sharpeville was the site selected by then President Nelson Mandela for the signing into law of the Constitution of South Africa on 10 December 1996. On 21 March 2002, he opened "The Sharpeville Memorial" to honour the victims of the massacre.
Since 1994, 21 March has been commemorated as Human Rights Day in South Africa. UNESCO marks 21 March as the yearly International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
(From the English Wikipedia, edited)

Selected publications

Remembering Sharpeville Day and Fashioning Contested National Narratives: The Sharpeville Memorial Precinct and the Langa Memorial / A.K. Hlongwane A.K.; S.M. Ndlovu.
In: Public History and Culture in South Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2019.
In: The journal of African history , vol. 56, no. 1, p. 119-142, 2015
In: Picturing atrocity: photography in crisis / G. Batchen, M. Gidley, N. Miller, J. Prosser, 2012, p. 209-223
Talk given at the Faculty of Humanities Rhodes University 23 March 2010 to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Sharpeville massacre
An ordinary atrocity : Sharpeville and its massacre / Philip H. Frankel. - New Haven [etc.] : Yale University Press, cop. 2001
See also the reports of the Commission of Enquiry into the Events in Sharpeville, online available at UCLA Library:
For more publications see the ASCL Library Catalogue
Sharpeville massacre was turning point in anti-apartheid movement (CBS news)

Timeline: South African major mass killings via Wikidata (See also South African History online)