CRG Seminar: From war to peace in Eastern DRC

A MONUSCO peacekeeper patrols along Lake Kivu in Goma, North Kivu (photo: Myriam Asmani).
According to Genocide Watch (Gregory Stanton) “the DRC is plagued by enduring conflict in its eastern provinces. Formally the second Congolese war came to an end in 2002. However, in practice the conflict drags on and is the deadliest since the second World War. Estimates of the dead range from three to five million persons. The victims are civilians, in particular women and girls, and ethnic groups such as the Banyamulenge, the Hutu Banyarwanda, the Hema and the Lendu. Many of the killers and rapists are former genocidists who escaped into the DRC from the Rwandan genocide”. From 2017 to 2019, the situation in Eastern DRC worsened to the point where a ‘Genocide Emergency’ was declared by Genocide Watch. According to that organisation’s website “a Genocide Emergency is declared when genocide is actually underway”.
With one Congolese and one Dutch scholar, we invite you to reflect on the causes of the on-going emergency in Eastern DRC and on what prospects there are for peace in the near future. The aim is to analyse some dynamics, outcomes and aftermaths of violent conflicts, and to think creatively about ways forward out of the violence in Eastern DRC.

Since March 2017, Ntanyoma joined the Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University Rotterdam, as a PhD researcher within the Economics of Development & Emerging Markets (EDEM) Programme. His research project focuses on microeconomic analysis of dynamic choices, incentives, alternatives and expectations of combatants who have engaged into the Eastern Congo violence. The researcher project seeks to understand combatant’s motivations of joining, leaving or remaining active within any “military forces” or armed groups. Though scholars have paid more attention on the Eastern Congo conflict, most of these have largely covered the macro level and community level to a lesser extent; while the individual one is likely being disregarded. Therefore, the ongoing project intends to fill the gap by conducting a research at micro level. As a multidisciplinary project combining microeconomics’ principles, conflict theories and political economy, the recommendations of the research will bridge from the macro findings to the micro in order to help in designing policy prospects fitting the context.

Carolien Jacobs is Assistant Professor at the Van Vollenhoven Institute. She has a background in International Development (MSc, Wageningen University) and in Legal Anthropology (PhD Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology/Wageningen University). She is interested in interdisciplinary research. Her research interests are in the fields of law, governance and international development, especially in Africa and in conflict-affected countries. Carolien acquired most of her research experience in Africa, where she has worked on the role of religion in disputes and dispute resolution (Mozambique), on an evaluation of the impact of Dutch development aid on Congolese NGOs and civil society development.

Date, time and location

12 March 2020
16.00 - 18.00
Pieter de la Court building / Faculty of Social Sciences, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden
Room 1.A15