Youth in Africa

book cover Youth development and securityThe twenty-first century presents a hostile face to millions of children and youth in many African countries. An increasing number of children are suffering from war, poverty, abuse, human-rights violations and the effects of AIDS. African youth, while forming a numerical majority, often feel excluded from power and are marginalized in socio-economic terms. The conflict between generations and age groups is a phenomenon of enduring concern in many parts of the continent. In neopatrimonial countries in particular, emerging generations are often confronted with 'blocked mobility' and are therefore excluded from employment and access to political power. The issue of blocked mobility forms the background to the rise of various opposition groups and resistance movements among youth in Africa.

The international conference on "Youth and the Politics of Generational Conflict in Africa" in Leiden on 24 and 25 April 2003 addresses issues of youth, politics and conflict in Africa in a comparative perspective. The Library, Documentation and Information Department of the ASC has compiled this dossier on Youth in Africa to coincide with the conference. The dossier contains a selection of titles from the library's online catalogue, as well as selected web resources on youth in Africa. It covers monographs, articles and chapters from edited works published in the last five years (1998-2003), which are arranged as follows: Youth and War; Youth and Politics; Generations; Street Children; Youth (general). Within each section, titles are arranged by year of publication and within each year, alphabetically by author. Each title links directly with the corresponding record in the online catalogue, which provides a more detailed description of all titles as well as abstracts of articles and edited works.

For information about the dossier, please contact the library information desk or phone: +31 (0)71 5273354.

Youth and War

KEEN, D. (2003) Greedy elites, dwindling resources, alienated youths : the anatomy of protracted violence in Sierra Leone. In: Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, H.2, p. 67-94.

BADSHA,O., MAXTED,J. & TILLIM,G. (2002) Amulets & Dreams : War, Youth & Change in Africa. South African History Online [etc.], Pretoria.

IGREJA,V. & RIEDESSER,P. (2002) Traumatischer Elternverlust bei Kindern und Jugendlichen und ihre Behandlung durch traditionelle Heiler in Mosambik. In: Kinderanalyse : Zeitschrift für die Anwendung der book cover Amulets and dreamsPsychoanalyse in Psychotherapie und Psychiatrie des Kindes- und Jugendalters, vol. 10 (September), no. 3, p. 253-263.

MACINTYRE, A., ANING, E.  K., ADDO, P. N. N. (2002) Politics, war and youth culture in Sierra Leone : an alternative interpretation. In: African Security Review, vol. 11, no. 3,  p. 7-15.

PAARDEKOPER, BRECHTJE P. (2002) Children of the forgotten war : a comparison of two intervention programmes for the promotion of well-being of Sudanese refugee children. Malopolska Poligrafia, Kraków

STOHL, R.J. (2002) Under the gun : children and small arms. In: African Security Review, vol. 11, no. 3, p. 17-25.

ACKER,F.V. & VLASSENROOT,K. (2001) Les "Maï-maï" et les fonctions de la violence milicienne dans l'est du Congo. In: Politique africaine, no. 84, p. 103-116.

DOOM, R., VLASSENROOT, K. (2001) Violent culture or a culture of violence? : militia-formation in eastern Congo. In: Politics and economics of Africa / Frank Columbus (ed.). - Huntington, N.Y. [etc.] : Nova Science Publishers. - Vol. 1, p. 57-81.

GASSER ,G. (2001) Être jeune à Zinguinchor. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 135-150.

JESSEMAN,C. (2001) The protection and participation rights of the child soldier: an African and global perspective. In: African Human Rights Law Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, p. 140-154.

ZACK-WILLIAMS,A.B. (2001) Child soldiers in the civil war in Sierra Leone. In: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 28, no. 87, p. 73-82.

BENNETT,E., GAMBA,V. & VAN DER MERWE,D. (2000) ACT Against Child Soldiers in Africa : a Reader. Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria.

BUGNION,F. (2000) Les enfants soldats, le droit international humanitaire et la Charte africaine des droits et du bien-être de l'enfant. In: African Journal of International and Comparative Law, vol. 12, no. 2, p. 262-275.

IFEKA,C. (2000) Conflict, complicity & confusion: unravelling empowerment struggles in Nigeria after the return to "democracy". In: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 27, no. 83, p. 115-123.

KAYIHURA,K. (2000) Uganda : the Integration of Child Soldiers into the School System. Association for Development of Education in Africa, Paris.

TEMMERMAN,E.D. (2000) De meisjes van Aboke : kindsoldaten in Noord-Oeganda. Globe, Gent.

HONWANA,A. (1999) Negotiating post-war identities : child soldiers in Mozambique and Angola. In: CODESRIA Bulletin, no. 1/2, p. 4-13.

SPITZER,H. (1999) "Kindersoldaten" - Verlorene Kindheit und Trauma : Möglichkeitender Rehabilitation am Beispiel Norduganda. Südwind Verlag, Wien.

THOMPSON,C.B. (1999) Beyond civil society: child soldiers as citizens in Mozambique. In: Review of African Political Economy, vol. 26, no. 80, p. 191-206.

ABDULLAH ,I. & MUANA,P. (1998) The Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone : a revolt of the lumpenproletariat. In: African Guerrillas. James Currey,Oxford, p. 172-193.

BAZENGUISSA-GANGA,R. (1998) Les milices politiques dans les affrontements. In: Afrique contemporaine, no. 186, p. 46-57.

OSSEBI,H. (1998) De la galère à la guerre: jeunes et "Cobras" dans les quartiers Nord de Brazzaville. In: Politique africaine, no. 72, p. 17-33.

PETERS,K. & RICHARDS,P. (1998) 'Why we fight': voices of youth combatants in Sierra Leone. In: Africa / International African Institute, vol. 68, no. 2, p. 183-210.

PETERS,K. & RICHARDS,P. (1998) Jeunes combattants parlant de la guerre et de la paix en Sierra Leone. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 38, no. 150/152, p. 581-617.

RICHARDS,P. (1998) Sur la nouvelle violence politique en Afrique: le sectarisme séculier au Sierra Leone. In: Politique africaine, no. 70, p. 85-104.

ROBERTSON,G. & DE KIEWIT,S. (1998) Wilderness therapy with militarised youths in traumatised communities. In: Community Development Journal, vol. 33, no. 2, p. 139-144.

SCHATTE OLIVIER,J.v.d. (1998) Child Soldiers. Save the Children, The Hague.

Youth and Politics

KONINGS,P. (2002) University students' revolt, ethnic militia, and violence during political liberalization in Cameroon. In: African Studies Review, vol.45, no. 2, p. 179-204.

BAZENGUISSA-GANGA,R. (2001) Rester jeune au Congo-Brazzaville: violences politiques et processus de transition démocratique. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 119-134.

MARKS,M. (2001) Young Warriors : Youth Politics, Identity and Violence in South Africa. Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.

NNA,M. (2001) Le paradigme de la minorité politique au Cameroun: stratégie d'intégration ou d'exclusion politiques de la jeunesse? In: Revue juridiqueet politique, vol. 55, no. 1, p. 25-37.

AOUIMEUR,M. (2000) Jeunesse et politique dans l'Algérie des années 30 : la Fédération des Jeunesses Socialistes d'Alger 1932-1939. In: Revue d'histoire maghrébine, vol. 27, no. 99/100, p. 237-253.

Politique africaine: Enfants, jeunes et politiqueBOECK,F.D. & HONWANA,A. (2000) Enfants, jeunes et politique. In: Politique africaine, no. 80, p. 5-110.

ONANA,J. (2000) Entrées en politique: voies promotionnelles de l'apprentissage et de l'insertion politiques "indigènes" dans l'État colonial au Cameroun - l'expérience de la Jeucafra. In: Polis, vol. 7,no. spéc., p. 89-111.

AOUIMEUR,M. (1999) Le mouvement des jeunesses socialistes dans l'Est algérien dans les années 30. In: Revue d'histoire maghrébine, vol. 26,no. 93/94, p. 11-23.

BURGESS,T. (1999) Remembering youth: generation in revolutionary Zanzibar.  In: Africa Today, vol. 46, no. 2, p. 29-50.

FARIBORZ,A. (1999) Die Ägyptische Studentenbewegung : Ursachen, Auswirkungen und Perspektiven sozialen Protests. Lit, Münster [etc.].

SEKFALI,A. (1999) Le Rachidi (1911-1914) journal de Djidjelli (Jijel) bastion du Mouvement jeune algérien. In: Revue d'histoire maghrébine, vol. 26,no. 95/96, p. 345-381.

REA,W.R. (1998) Rationalising culture: youth, elites and masquerade politics.  In: Africa / International African Institute, vol. 68, no. 1, p.98-117.


RUEL,M. (2002) The structural articulation of generations in Africa. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 42, no. 165, p. 51-81.

AMANOR,K.S. (2001) Land, Labour and the Family in Southern Ghana : a Critique of Land Policy Under Neo-Liberalisation. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala.

DOUMBIA,T. (2001) Groupes d'âge et éducation chez les Malinké du Suddu Mali. Éditions L'Harmattan, Paris [etc.].

MOHAMED-ABDI,M. (2001) De gaashaanqaad à mooryaan: quelle place pour les jeunes en Somalie? In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 69-84.

TORNAY,S. (2001) Les fusils jaunes : générations et politique enpays Nyangatom (Éthiopie). Société d'ethnologie, Nanterre.

ANTOINE,P. (2000) Biographies de trois générations dans L'agglomération d'Antananarivo : premiers résultats de l'enquête BIOMAD98. Centre français sur la population et le développement, Paris.

CARTON,B. (2000) Blood From Your Children : the Colonial Origins of Generational Conflict in South Africa. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va. [etc.].

MORAN,M.H. (2000) Gender and aging : are women "warriors" among the Glebo of Liberia? In: Liberian Studies Journal, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 25-41.

TADESSE,W.G. (2000) Property and age organisation among an East African pastoralist group.  Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle.

DIJK,R.v. (1999) Pentecostalism, gerontocratic rule and democratization in Malawi : the changing position of the young in political culture. In: Religion, globalization and political culture in the Third World,  St. Martin's Press, New York, p. 164-188.

PEATRIK,A.M. (1999) La vie à pas contés : génération, âge et sociétés dans les Hautes Terres du Kenya (Meru Tigania-Igembe). Société d'ethnologie, Nanterre.

SARRO,R. (1999) Football et mobilisation identitaire : la "réinvention des traditions" par les jeunes Baga de Guinée. In: Politique africaine, no. 74, p. 153-161.

AGUILAR,M.I. (1998) Reinventing 'gada': generational knowledge in Boorana. In: The Politics of Age and Gerontocracy in Africa: Ethnographies of the Past & Memories of the Present. Africa WorldPress, Trenton, N.J. [etc.], p. 257-279.

AGUILAR,M.I. (1998) The Politics of Age and Gerontocracy in Africa : Ethnographies of the Past & Memories of the Present. Africa World Press, Trenton, N.J. [etc.].

CARTON,B. (1998) "The new generation... jeer at me, saying we are all equal now": impotent African patriarchs, unruly African sons in colonial South Africa. In: The Politics of Age and Gerontocracy in Africa: Ethnographies of the Past & Memories of the Present. Africa WorldPress, Trenton, N.J. [etc.], p. 31-64.

GALATY,J.G. (1998) Streams of contestation: age and politics in Maasai land claims and conflicts. In: The Politics of Age and Gerontocracy in Africa: Ethnographies of the Past & Memories of the Present. Africa WorldPress, Trenton, N.J. [etc.], p. 211-223.

KAWAI,K. (1998) Women's age categories in a male-dominated society: the case of the Chamus in Kenya. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford[etc.], p. 147-167.

KOMMA,T. (1998) Peacemakers, prophets, chiefs & warriors: age-set antagonisms as a factor of political change among the Kipsigis of Kenya. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford[etc.] p. 186-205.

KURIMOTO,E. (1998) Resonance of age-systems in southeastern Sudan. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford[etc.], p. 29-50.

book cover Conflict, age & powerKURIMOTO,E. & SIMONSE,S. (1998) Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey [etc.], Oxford [etc.].

LAMPHEAR,J. (1998) Brothers in arms: military aspects of East African age-Generational Shifts in African Politics : Prospects for a New Africa. African Association of Political Science, Harare.

NAGASHIMA,N. (1998) Two extinct age systems among the Iteso. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford [etc.], p. 227-248.

SATO,S. (1998) The Rendille and the adaptive strategies of East African pastoralists. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford [etc.]., p. 206-226.

SCHLEE,G. (1998) Gada systems on the meta-ethnic level: Gabbra/Boran/Garre interactions in the Kenyan/Ethiopian borderland. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford [etc.], p. 121-146.

SIMONSE,S. (1998) Age, conflict & power in the 'monyomiji' age systems. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford [etc.], p. 51-78.

SPENCER,P. (1998) Age systems and modes of predatory expansion. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford [etc.], p. 168-185.

TETELMAN,M.S. (1998) In search of discipline: generational control, political protest, and everyday violence in Cradock, South Africa, 1984-85. In: The Politics of Age and Gerontocracy in Africa: Ethnographies of the Past & Memories of the Present. Africa WorldPress, Trenton, N.J. [etc.], p. 177-210.

TORNAY,S.A.M. (1998) Generational systems on the threshold of the third millennium: an anthropological perspective. In: Conflict, Age & Power in North East Africa : Age Systems in Transition. James Currey, Oxford [etc.], p. 98-120.

Street Children

BENGA,N.A. (2001) Entre Jérusalem et Babylone: jeunes et espace public à Dakar. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 169-178.

DE BOISSIEU,A. (2001) Jeunes des rues en Tanzanie : une vie par jour, entre l'eauet le feu. Karthala, Paris.

book cover Juenes des rues en TanzanieLATOUR,É.d. (2001) Du ghetto au voyage clandestin: la métaphore héroïque. In: Autrepart, no. 19, p. 155-176.

LATOUR,É.d. (2001) Métaphores sociales dans les ghettos de Côte-d'Ivoire. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 151-167.

NIEUWENHUYS,O. (2001) By the sweat of their brow? : 'street children', NGOs and children's rights in Addis Ababa. In: Africa / International African Institute, vol. 71, no. 4, p. 539-557.

DIERKS,T. (2000) Südafrikas Township-Jugend und die "Wahrheits- und Versöhnungskommission" : Eine Fallstudie in Diepkloof, Soweto. Lit Verlag, Hamburg [etc.].

DIOP,M. (2000) Les enfants et les jeunes de la rue, bâtisseurs d'une société nouvelle. In: Villes en sursis au Sahel : expériences au Tchad et au Sénégal. Paris [etc.]., p. 214-234.

GLASER,C. (2000) Bo-Tsotsi : the Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976. Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.

KILBRIDE,P.L., SUDA,C.A. & NJERU,E.H.N. (2000) Street Children in Kenya : Voices of Children in Search of a Childhood. Westport, Conn. [etc.].

NODJIADJIM,L.A. (2000) Les jeunes habitent la rue et la rue habite les jeunes. In: Villes en sursis au Sahel : expériences au Tchad et au Sénégal. Paris [etc.]., p. 235-256.

BARRY,A. (1999) Marginalité et errance juvéniles en milieu urbain : la place de l'aide psychologique dans les dispositifs de prise en charge des enfants de la rue. In: Psychopathologie africaine, vol. 29, no. 2, p. 139-190.

KIYITA,G.S.K. (1999) Street children : a guide book on a rehabilitation process of street children : the Ryda's experience. St. Christian Graphics, Kampala.

KYNOCH ,G. (1999) From the Ninevites to the Hard Livings Gang : township gangsters and urban violence in twentieth-century South Africa. In: African Studies, vol. 58, no. 1, p. 55-85.

SHORTER,A. & ONYANCHA,E. (1999) Street Children in Africa : a Nairobi Case Study. Paulines Publications Africa, Nairobi.

AFANDE,K.K.A. (1998) Le jeune togolais de la rue : au carrefour du droit et du non-droit. In: Recht in Afrika, no. 1, p. 87-113.

GLASER,C. (1998) "We must infiltrate the tsotsis" : school politics and youth gangs in Soweto, 1968-1976. In: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, p. 301-323.

GLASER,C. (1998) Swines, hazels and the Dirty Dozen : masculinity, territoriality and the youth gangs of Soweto, 1960-1976. In: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 4, p. 719-736.

GOUNONGBÉ,A. (1998) Quand le désir de soigner rejoint le désir de se soigner : de l'utilité du traitement des représentations préalables sur l'enfance chez les éducateurs des enfants et jeunes de la rue. In: book cover Street children in AfricaPsychopathologie africaine, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 313-338.

LEWIS,H.P. (1998) Also God's Children? : Encounters With Street Kids. Ihilihili Press, Cape Town.

MOONEY,K. (1998) 'Ducktails, flick-knives and pugnacity' : subcultural and hegemonic masculinities in South Africa, 1948-1960. In: Journal of Southern African Studies, vol. 24, no. 4, p. 753-774.

OLIVIER DE SARDAN,J.-P. (1998) Entretiens avec des "enfants de la rue" à Niamey. Das Arabische Buch, Berlin.

OSEMWEGIE,A. (1998) Street Children in Lagos. UMP (Regional Office forAfrica), [S.l.].

WRZESI´NSKA,A. (1998) Les jeunes africains en difficulté : (le cas de la République démocratique du Congo). In: Africana Bulletin, no. 46, p. 149-162.

Youth (general)

AKYEAMPONG, E. (2002) Drinking with friends: popular culture, the working poor, and youth drinking in independent Ghana. In: Alcohol in Africa: mixing business, pleasure, and politics. Heinemann, Portsmouth, NH , p. 215-230.

HAENNI, P., HOLTROP, T. (2002) Mondaines spiritualités... :Àmr Khâlid, "shaykh branché" de la jeunesse dorée du Caire. In: Politique africaine, no. 87, p. 45-68.

(2002) Involving Zimbabwe's youth in its own health and development in the HIV/AIDS era : problem identification among out of school youths in Lower Gweru, Zimbabwe. University of Zimbabwe [etc.], Harare [etc.].

JANSSEN, D.F. (2002) Growing up sexually in sub-Saharan Africa : world reference atlas. [S.l. : s.n.]

LANS, H. (2002) The story of my life : South Africa seen through the eyes of its children. Kwela Books [etc.], Cape Town [etc.] .

MACINTYRE, A. (2002) Reinventing peace : challenges for a young continent. In: African Security Review, vol. 11, no. 3, p. 89-96.

MUFUNE,P. (2002) Youth problems in Namibia. In: Challenges forAnthropology in the 'African Renaissance' : a Southern African Contribution. University of Namibia Press., p. 177-190.

NYAMNJOH,F.B. & PAGE,B. (2002) 'Whiteman kontri' and the enduring allure of modernity among Cameroonian youth. In: African Affairs, vol. 101,no. 405, p. 607-634.

SHARP,L.A. (2002) The Sacrificed Generation : Youth, History, and the Colonized Mind in Madagascar. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA [etc.].

(2001) Youth in Brief : a Summary of the Youth 2000 Report. Community Agency for Social Enquiry, Johannesburg [etc.].

AKIYAMA,H. (2001) The influence of schooling and relocation on the G/ui pupil companionship. In: African Study Monographs. Supplementary Issue, no. 26,p. 197-208.

AL TAWILLA,S., WASSEF,H. & IBRAHIM,B. (2001) Changement social et dynamique adolescents-parents en Égypte. In: Monde arabe, no. 171/172,p. 52-66.

ANTOINE,P., RAZAFINDRAKOTO,M. & ROUBAUD,F. (2001) Contraints de rester jeunes? : évolution de l'insertion dans trois capitales africaines: Dakar, Yaoundé, Antananarivo. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 17-36.

BIAYA,T.K. (2001) Les plaisirs de la ville: masculinité, sexualité et féminité à Dakar (1997-2000). In: African Studies Review, vol. 44, no. 2,p. 71-85.

CHEDLI,N. (2001) Les jeunes en Libye. In: Monde arabe, no. 171/172, p.90-99.

DIAKITÉ,T. (2001) Appel à la jeunesse africaine : comment se fait-il quel' Afrique aidée par la France ne progresse pas? L'Harmattan, Paris [etc.].

DOLBY, N.E. (2001) Constructing race : youth, identity, and popular culture in South Africa. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.

DREYFUS,M. & JUILLARD,C. (2001) Le jeu de l'alternance dans la vie quotidienne des jeunes scolarisés à Dakar et à Ziguinchor (Sénégal) : variation dans l'usage du français et du wolof. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 41, no. 163/164, p. 667-696.

FANTHORPE,R. (2001) Neither citizen nor subject? : 'lumpen' agency and the legacy of native administration in Sierra Leone. In: African Affairs, vol.100, no. 400, p. 363-386.

IZUGBARA,C.O. (2001) Tasting the forbidden fruit : the social context of debut sexual encounters among young persons in a rural Nigerian community. In: The African Anthropologist, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 96-107.

NAPON,A. (2001) Les comportements langagiers dans les groupes de jeunes en milieu urbain : le cas de la ville de Ouagadougou. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 41, no. 163/164, p. 697-710.

ROUSSEAU,C. (2001) Rêver ensemble le départ : Construction du mythe chez les jeunes Somaliens réfugiés. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 51-68.

TIMERA,M. (2001) Les migrations des jeunes Sahéliens: affirmation de soi et émancipation. In: Autrepart, no. 18, p. 37-49.

WONDIMU,H., BEIT-HALLAHMI,B. & ROS-TONEN,M.A.F. (2001) Psychological Modernity and Attitudes to Social Change in Ethiopian Young Adults: the Role of Ethnic Identity and Stereotypes. KIT Publishers, Amsterdam.

ATTANÉ,A. (2000) "Aujourd'hui les jeunes, ils se choisissent ... ce n'est plus comme avant" : modalités de choix du conjoint et formes de mariage, région de Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso. Das Arabische Buch, Berlin.

book cover Youth development and securityBELDER,S. & BOERSMA,P. (2000) Youth Development and Security :Parliamentary Action for African Renaissance : Eastern Cape, South Africa 8-10 December 1999. AWEPA, Amsterdam [etc.].

FREDERIKSEN,B.F. (2000) Popular Culture, Family Relations and Issues of Everyday Democracy : a Study of Youth in Pumwami. IDS, Nairobi.

HABTEGIORGIS,B.G. (2000) Some social goals of Ethiopian adolescents : an aspirational perspective. In: Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, vol.16, no. 1, p. 23-36.

LEBLANC,M.N. (2000) From 'sya' to Islam : social change and identity among Muslim youth in Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire. In: Paideuma / Frobenius-Institut, vol.46, p. 85-109.

NUTTALL, S. (2000) Senses of culture : South African culture studies. Oxford University Press, Cape Town [etc.] .

OGBU,O. & MIHYO,P. (2000) African Youth on the Information Highway : Participation and Leadership in Community Development. IDRC, Ottawa [etc.].

SOMMERS,M. (2000) Urbanization, Pentecostalism, and Urban Refugee Youth in Africa. African Studies Center, Boston University, Boston.

TESSLER,M. (2000) Morocco's next political generation. In: The Journal of North African Studies, vol. 5, no. 1, p. -26.

BOGOPA,D. (1999) African cultural systems and the language in African transition: the case of urban youth in Tsakane township, South Africa. In: African Anthropology, vol. 6, no. 2, p. 259-267.

FREDERIKSEN,B.F. (1999) 'We Need That Life' : Global Narratives and Local Aspirations Among Youth in a Nairobi Slum. Centre for Development Research,Copenhagen.

GONDOLA,C. (1999) Dream and drama: the search for elegance among Congolese youth. In: African Studies Review, vol. 42, no. 1, p. 23-48.

GONDOLA,D. (1999) La sape des 'mikilistes': théâtre de l'artifice et représentation onirique. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 39, no. 153, p.13-47.

KELLER,E.T., HILTON,D.B. & TWUMASI-ANKRAH,K. (1999) Teenage pregnancy and motherhood in a Ghanaian community. In: Journal of Social Development in Africa, vol. 14, no. 1, p. 69-84.

MATIKI,A.J. (1999) The social and educational marginalization of Muslim youth in Malawi. In: Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 249-259.

PRAZAK,M. (1999) 'We're on the run': ideas of progress among adolescents in rural Kenya. In: Journal of African Cultural Studies, vol. 12, no.1, p. 93-110.

SCHLYTER,A. (1999) Recycled Inequalities : Youth and Gender in George Compound, Zambia. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala.

SSEWAKIRYANGA,R. (1999) Imaginer le monde chez soi : les jeunes et la musique internationale en Ouganda. In: Politique africaine, no. 75, p. 91-106.

THIOUB,I. & NDIOUGA,A. (1999) Les groupes de musique "moderne" des jeunes Africains de Dakar et de Saint-Louis, 1946-1960. In: Fêtes urbaines en Afrique: espaces, identités et pouvoirs. Karthala, Paris., p. 213-227.

VISKIL,I. (1999) In een stad waar niemand je kent, kun je doen wat je wilt: Noord-Afrikaanse jongeren in een Amsterdamse coffeeshop. Het Spinhuis, Amsterdam.

ADENIJI,'K. (1998) Residential Density and Adolescent Sexuality and Fertility Behaviours in Nigeria. NISER, Ibadan.

BOECK,F.D. (1998) Domesticating diamonds and dollars : identity, expenditure and sharing in southwestern Zaire (1984-1997). In: Development and Change, vol.29, no. 4, p. 777-810.

CHADBOURNE,J.D. (1998) Voices of the Youth : a South African youth perspective of juvenile justice. In: Journal of African Law, vol. 42,no. 1, p. 12-36.

KUATE-DEFO,B. (1998) Sexuality and Reproductive Health During Adolescence in Africa : With Special Reference to Cameroon. University of Ottawa Press,Toronto.

MKANDAWIRE,R.M. (1998) Experiences in youth policy and programme development in Commonwealth Africa. In: Lesotho Social Science Review, vol. 4,no. 1, p. 69-94.

MOATLHAPING,S.O. & OSEI-HWEDIE,K. (1998) The out-of-school youth and HIV/AIDS in rural Botswana. In: Lesotho Social Science Review, vol. 4, no.2, p. 17-35.

NDARISHIKANYE,B. (1998) La conscience historique des jeunes burundais. In: Cahiers d'études africaines, vol. 38, no. 149, p. 135-171.

NDUBANI,P. (1998) Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Rural Zambia :Knowledge, Perceptions and Practices Among Young Males and Traditional Healers.[s.n.,s.l.]

SOMMERS,M. (1998) A child's nightmare : Burundian children at risk : a field report assessing the protection and assistance needs of Burundian children and adolescents.  Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, New York, N.Y.

VOETEN,H. (1998) Teenage Pregnancy in Namibia : Problems, Causes and Policy Recommendations. University of Utrecht, Utrecht.

Selected web resources

The ASC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.

Institute for the African Child, Ohio University
Seeks to promote research and teaching, and considers children in the process of the African continent's socio-economic development. Maintained by Gerard A. Akindes.

Childwatch International Research Network
A response by the research community to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Its aim is to promote, initiate and disseminate international, interdisciplinary research that leads to a real improvement in the well-being of children. The site contains information on key institutions, projects, news and resources. Hosted by the University of Oslo.

Children of Conflict
Selections from a BBC World Service Special Report, including photos and audio files from interviews. There are sections on child soldiers, child workers, lost children, child-headed households, and wounded children. Each section contains stories and interviews with children in various parts of the world, including Africa.

Human Rights Watch: Children's Rights
Contains sections on, amongst others, child soldiers and street children. Includes children's rights publications, international legal standards, news releases and links to related organizations.

Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers
Has as its mission to prevent the recruitment and use of children as soldiers, to secure their demobilization and to ensure their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. Includes the full text of "The Use of Children as Soldiers in Africa - A Country Analysis of Child Recruitment and Participation in Armed Conflict." (1999), a background document to the April 1999 conference in Mozambique hosted by the Mozambican government and organized jointly by the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers and the Save the Children Alliance. Has the full text of related treaties and resolutions, links to organizations working on the problem, questions and answers, a bibliography, conferences. Based in Châtelaine, Switzerland.

Africa Recovery Online - Children
Survey of articles on children in Africa published in Africa Recovery Online, later Africa Renewal Online, created by Africa Recovery Section, Strategic Communications Division, in cooperation with the UN Website Section, Department of Public Information, United Nations.