The Nile

Roger Ainis
Credits: Roger Ainis (Egypt)

February 22 has been declared Nile Day by the countries that share the Nile River Basin. Nile Day commemorates the signing of the 1999 agreement, called the Nile Basin Initiative, to cooperatively manage the river basin. In correspondence with this day, the ‘Africa 2020’ workshop "The Nile: Inclusion and Exclusion over a Trans-boundary Resource (water and land acquisition)", will take place on 20 and 21 February. To mark this occasion, ASCL visiting PhD student and workshop co-organizer Abeer Abazeed and Germa Seuren of the ASCL Library, have compiled this web dossier.

The dossier includes titles from the ASCL Library collection, the broader Leiden University Library collection, and the library of IHE Delft Institute for Water Education. The titles are linked to the online catalogue and include subject headings, abstracts, and links to full text, where available. The dossier is introduced by Abeer Abazeed, and concludes with a selection of links to relevant websites.

Introduction | General | Dams | Lakes | Legal perspective | Nile management | Transnational politics | Nile history | IHE collection | Audiovisual resources | Web resources

The Nile River basin. including its 11 countries, capital cities, major lakes, dams, and protected areas. DRC, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Navigating the complexities of coordinated conservation along the river Nile - Scientific Figure on ResearchGate. Available from: [accessed 5 Feb, 2020]


The Nile is the longest river in the African continent and flows through 11 countries. Only Sudan and Egypt are located in the river’s downstream, while nine countries are in the upper stream (Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and Congo DRC). The Nile has two main tributaries: The Blue Nile whose source is in Ethiopia and the White Nile, which originates in Lake Victoria.

The Nile Basin Water Resources Atlas (2016) stated that, in 2012, more than 40 per cent of Africa’s population lived in the Nile basin countries. This encompasses hugely diverse communities that rely on the Nile’s resources (drinking water, irrigation, energy). Given current development aspirations, the distribution and allocation of Nile water are critical not only among the basin countries but, crucially, between economic sectors and communities.

The workshop ‘The Nile: Inclusion and Exclusion over a Trans-boundary Resource (Water and Land Acquisition)’ will discuss the dilemma of water distribution and its role in meeting people’s basic needs and countries’ development.

The library collections of the ASCL and Leiden University are useful in terms of revealing the connected dimensions and layers of governing the Nile waters at the basin, national, and local levels. Moreover, tackling water- and land grabbing requires an investigation of the relations between people and water through the lenses of history, traditions, religion, rituals, colonialism, and livelihoods. 

At the same time, Leiden University is an important centre for the disciplines of Egyptology and history and its libraries have many manuscripts that narrate the Nile from the perspectives of archaeology and ancient history.

With this in mind, this web dossier emphasizes the Nile in  modern/current history and how this influences its governance and the distribution of its waters. Researchers can explore the Nile from social and political perspectives, facilitated by books and documents about, among others, the engagement of pastoralists, farmers, or women in water resources management in addition to the role of governments and donor agencies. The collections also contain books published by universities and research centres in the Nile countries that are rarely found online. 

The dossier also includes sources related to water management and its social and political impacts, in particular a list of relevant books available at IHE-Delft. A number of these books analyse the hydrology of the Nile; others focus on the environmental and political factors affecting this great river.

The web dossier includes seven key categories: 1) dams; 2) lakes; 3) legal perspective; 4) Nile management; 5) transnational politics; and 6) Nile History. As mentioned, this is complemented by a section from the IHE library collection. 

The dossier also contains links to the ASCL and Leiden libraries’ collections of media resources that include audio-visual materials about the Nile. In addition, it includes links to the websites of  regional Nile organizations and the other online resources related to Nile affairs.

By Abeer R.Y. Abazeed



The Nile : an annotated bibliography Terje Tvedt.
London [etc.] : Tauris 2004.

The Nile question : hydropolitics, legal wrangling, modus vivendi and perspectives / Tesfaye Tafesse
Münster [etc.] : Lit, 2001.

The River Nile and its economic, political, social and cultural role : an annotated bibliography Terje Tvedt.
Bergen : Centre for Development Studies 2000. - Bibliography on the River Nile

The Nile : resource evaluation, resource management, hydropolitics and legal issues / Paul Philip Howell and John Anthony Allan
London : Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1990.

The Blue Nile / Alan Moorehead
London : Hamilton, 1962.

The White Nile / Alan Moorehead
London : Hamish Hamilton, 1960.

The Nile : a general account of the river and the utilization of its waters / Harold Edwin Hurst
London : Constable, 1952.



From Aswan to Stiegler’s Gorge: small stories about large dams / Terje Oestigaard (ed.), et al.Cover From Aswan to Stiegler's Gorge
Uppsala : The Nordic Africa Institute, 2019.
Full text

Dammed divinities the water powers at Bujagali Falls, Uganda / Terje Oestigaard
Uppsala : The Nordic Africa Institute, 2015.
Full text

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam / Zekarias Woldemariam (ed.)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia : Government Communication Affairs Office, 2014.

Sudan looks East : China, India & the politics of Asian alternatives / Daniel Large and Luke A. Patey
New York : James Currey, 2011.

People and dams: environmental and socio-economic changes induced by a reservoir in Fincha'a watershed, western Ethiopia / Olana Bezuayehu Tefera
Wageningen : Wageningen University and Research Centre, 2006.

Water management models in practice: a case study of the Aswan High Dam / Dale Whittington
Amsterdam : Elsevier Scientific, 1983.

Dams, people and development : the Aswan High Dam case / Ḥusayn Fahīm
New York : Pergamon Press, 1981.

The Nubian exodus / Hassan Dafalla
London : C. Hurst [for] the Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, 1975.

Owen falls : electricity in a developing country / Gail Wilson
Nairobi : East African Publishing House, 1967.

High dam at Aswan : the subjugation of the Nile / Tom Little
London : Methuen, 1965.



Freshwater biodiversity in Lake Victoria basin : guidance for species conservation, site protection, climate resilience and sustainable livelihoods / Catherine A SayerCover Freshwater biodiversity in Lake Victoria basin
Gland : IUCN, 2018.
Full text

Lake Victoria Fisheries Resources Research and Management in Tanzania / Yunus D. Mgaya and Shigalla B. Mahongo (eds)
Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2017.
DOI access (Restricted access)

Progress and level of implementation of the East African Community Climate Change Policy commitments in the Lake Victoria Basin with respect to water and sanitation / Watch East African Sustainability
Kampala: Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development, 2013.
Full text

The influence of climate change and human-induced environmental degradation on Lake Victoria / Julius B. Lejju
[Addis Ababa] : OSSREA, 2012.

Resettlement policy framework and and process framework for Lake Victoria environmental management project phase II / Ministry of Water, Environment, Land and Urban Planning
[Bujumbara] : Republic of Burundi Ministry of Water, Environment, Land and Urban Planning, 2011.
Full text

Impacts of changing pastoral strategies on environmental resources and livelihoods in Tanzania's Lake Victoria basin / Elliott Phillemons Niboye
Addis Ababa : Organisation for social science research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA), 2010.

Catching big fish with joint action? : an exploratory study on joint action, its limitations and its impact on the achievements of fishermen in the Lake Victoria fish cluster, Kenya / Fianne van der Veeken
[S.l. : s.n.], 2006.

The Uhai Lake Forum Development Group : community initiatives for the conservation of Lake Victoria resources / Widtech
Washington, DC : Women in Development Technical Assistance Project (WIDTECH), 2002.

From local to global markets : the fish exporting and fishmeal industries of Lake Victoria : structure, strategies and socio-economic impacts in Kenya / Richard O. Abila
Nairobi : IUCN Eastern Africa Regional Office, 1997.

Of saviours and punks : the political economy of the Nile perch marketing chain in Tanzania / Peter Gibbon
Copenhagen : Centre for Development Research, 1997.

Rich fisheries - poor fisherfolk : some preliminary observations about the effects of trade and aid in the Lake Victoria fisheries / Eirik G. Jansen
Nairobi : IUCN Eastern Africa Regional Office, 1997.

Dying Lake Victoria : a community-based prevention programme / Samuel O Akatch
Nairobi : Initiatives Publishers, 1996.

Recent trends in research on Lake Victoria fisheries : proceedings of the second EEC regional seminar on recent trends in research on Lake Victoria fisheries organized and hosted by Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), 25-27 September 1991, Kisumu, Kenya / E. Okemwa, et al.
Nairobi : ICIPE Science Press, 1994.

Lake Victoria network / Karin Alfenaar
Amsterdam : Institute for Development Research, University of Amsterdam, 1993.

Artisanal fisheri(e)s of Lake Victoria, Kenya : options for management, production and marketing / Gilbert E. M. Ogutu and Casper Odegi-Awuondo
Nairobi : Shirikon Publishers, 1992.

Capital and conditions of fisher-labourers of Lakes Kyoga and Victoria canoe fisheries / Okwe Asowa
Kampala : Centre for Basic Research (CBR), 1989.

Lake Tana's fishery development : giving security to the fishermen and uncertainty to their wives / Ingeborg Colijn
[S.l. : s.n.], 1987.

Bibliographic supplement tot economics working paper no. 90 'The northern Nile delta lakes and their fisheries' / Turid Reid
Giza [etc.] : Agricultural development systems project, ARE ministry of agriculture [etc.], 1983.

Fish yields in the Northern Nile Delta Lakes / J Rowntree
Giza [etc.] : Agricultural development systems project, ARE ministry of agriculture [etc.], 1983.

Fisheries management in the Northern Nile Delta Lakes of Egypt : the case of Hosha / Turid Reid
Giza [etc.] : Agricultural development systems project, ARE ministry of agriculture [etc.], 1983.

The Lake Victoria fisheries of Kenya : fish as an equivalent of cash crops / R. Dykstra
Amsterdam [s.n.], 1980.

Migration and economic development south of Lake Victoria / Bertil Egerö
Dar es Salaam : University of Dar es Salaam, Bureau of resource assessment and land use planning, 1974.

The trade of Lake Victoria : a geographical study / V. C. R. Ford
Kampala : East African Institute of Social Research, 1955.

Lake Tana & the Blue Nile : an Abyssinian quest / Robert Ernest Cheesman
London, 1936.

Through the dark continent or the sources of the Nile around the great lakes of Equatorial Africa and down the Livingstone River to the Atlantic Ocean / Henry Morton Stanley
London : Newnes, 1899.


Legal perspective

Wasserrechte am Nil : der Einfluss des internationalen Wasserrechts auf die Entwicklung eines Vertragsregimes zur Nutzungsverteilung und gemeinsamen Wasserwirtschaft am Beispiel des Nils = Nile water rights : the impact of international water law on the development of a treaty regime for allocating water use and joint water management using the example of the Nile (English summary) / Philine Wehling
Berlin : Springer, 2018.Cover The Nile treaty

Recent legal and political changes in the Nile region and their implications for equitable water sharing in the Nile River Basin / Nadia Sanchez
[S.l. : s.n.], 2011.
Full text

Challenges and prospects for a new Nile water agreement : the Nile River Basin Commission / Pius Yasebasi Ng'wandu
Nairobi : African Centre for Technology Studies, 2008.

The Nile treaty : State succession and international treaty commitments : a case study of the Nile water treaties / Arthur Okoth-Owiro
Nairobi : Konrad Adenauer Foundation, 2004.

Africa's shared water resources : legal and institutional aspects of the Nile, Niger and Senegal river systems / Bonaya Adhi Godana
London : Pinter [etc.], 1985.

A new model for a Nile waters treaty / O. M. A. Mohamed
Khartoum : Development Studies and Research Centre (DSRC), University of Khartoum, 1984.


Nile management

Rivers of the Anthropocene / Jason M. Kelly (editor), et al.Cover Rivers of the Anthropocene
University of California Press, 2018.
Full text

Disrupting territories : land, commodification and conflict in Sudan / Jörg Gertel, et al.
Woodbridge : James Currey, 2014.

Farmers’ perception and adaptive capacity to climate change and variability in the upper catchment of Blue Nile, Ethiopia / Bewket Amdu
Nairobi : African Technology Policy Studies Network, 2013.
Full text

Water scarcity and food security along the Nile : politics, population increase and climate change / Terje Oestigaard
Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2012.
Full text

No more thirst : the citizens of the Nile / J. Gebeto Petros
[Nairobi : P. J. Gebeto], 2010.

Stock taking of adaptation activities in the Nile River Basin / Programme United Nations Environment
Nairobi : United Nations Environment Programme, 2010.
Full text

A world of rivers environmental change on ten of the world's great rivers / Ellen E. Wohl
Chicago London : University of Chicago Press, 2010.
Online version (Restricted access)

Moving people in Ethiopia : development, displacement & the State / Alula Pankhurst and François Piguet
Oxford : James Currey, 2009.

Special issue: Pastoralists under pressure in present-day Sudan / Barbara Casciarri and ʿAbd al-Ġaffār Muḥammad Aḥmad
Oxford [etc.] : Berghahn Journals, 2009.

Hydrological response of a catchment to climate change, case study on Upper Beles Sub-Basin, Upper Blue Nile, Ethiopia / Girma Yimer Ebrahim
[S.l. : s.n.], 2008.

Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Ethiopian Economy. 3, Water, natural resource and agricultural practices / Association Ethiopian Economic, et al.
[Addis Ababa] : Ethiopian Economic Association, 2007.

The world's largest wetlands ecology and conservation / Lauchlan H. Fraser and Paul A. Keddy
Cambridge New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Online version (Restricted access)

Resource alienation, militarisation and development : case studies from East African drylands / Mustafa Babiker
Addis Ababa : OSSREA, 2002.

Wheat production and improvement in the Sudan / Osman A. Ageeb
Aleppo : ICARDA, 1996.

The management of water and irrigation : the Blue Nile / Terje Tvedt
The Hague : Institute of Social Studies, 1991.

Research on water management of rice fields in the Nile Delta, Egypt / S. El Guindy
Wageningen : International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement (ILRI), 1987.

Social-anthropological aspects of the Jonglei development projects in South Sudan : (field-work report) / A. W. van den Hoek
Leiden : Instituut voor Culturele Antropologie en Sociologie der Niet-Westerse Volken, 1985.

Jonglei Canal : dynamics of planned change in the Twic area / Mohammed Osman El Sammani
Khartoum : University of Khartoum. Graduate College, 1984.

The Jamu'iya Scheme : report on a field project / Andrew Shepherd
Norwich : Geo Books, 1980.

Hydrology and chronology : the Rodah nilometer as an aid in dating / Ralph S. Herring
Kampala : Makerere University, 1974.

The development of the Nile Basin / Horeya T. Megahed
Budapest : Center for the Afro-Asian Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1973.

The development, present economic performance and future prospects of Nile pump irrigated agriculture in the Sudan / Robert Frederic Wynn
Khartoum : [s.n.], 1967.

Water resource planning in the Sudan : an economic problem / Robert Frederic Wynn
Khartoum : [s.n.], 1966.

The Managil South-Western Extension : an extension to the Gezira scheme : an exemple of an irrigation development project in the Republic of the Sudan / D. J. Shaw
Wageningen : Veenman, 1965.

The Equatorial Nile project and its effects in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan : Index / Team Jonglei Investigation
[S.l.] : Jonglei Investigation Team, 1954.

The Equatorial Nile project and its effects in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan : The Equatorial Nile project : its effects and the remedies / Team Jonglei Investigation
[S.l.] : Jonglei Investigation Team, 1954. 


Transnational politics

Land and hydropolitics in the Nile River basin : challenges and new investments / Emil Sandström (editor ), et al.Cover Land and hydropolitics in the Nile River basin
London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.
DOI access (Restricted access)

Water, civilisation and power in Sudan : the political economy of military-Islamist state building / Harry Verhoeven
New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2015.

How to handle your neighbours' conflict : Ethiopia's relationships with Sudan and South Sudan / Volkert Mathijs Doop
Madrid : Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología, 2013.
Full text

Cooperative Diplomacy, Regional Stability and National Interests : The Nile River and the riparian states / Korwa G. Adar and Nicasius A. Check
Pretoria, South Africa : Africa Institute of South Africa, 2011.
Online version (Restricted access)

Shared waters, shared opportunities hydropolitics in East Africa / Bernard Calas
Dar es Salaam : Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 2010.
Online version (Restricted access)

Tadāʻiyāt infiṣāl janūb al-Sūdān ʻalá duwal ḥawḍ Nahr al-Nīl = Les conséquences de la séparation du sud Soudan sur les Pays du Bassin du Nil / Ṭalāl Malik
al-Kharṭūm : al-Markaz al-ʻĀlamī lil-Dirāsāt al-Afrīqīyah, 2010.

Water resources and inter-riparian relations in the Nile basin the search for an integrative discourse / Okbazghi Yohannes
Albany : State University of New York Press, 2008.
Online version (Restricted access)

Environmental scarcity, hydropolitics, and the Nile : population concentration, water scarcity and the changing domestic and foreign politics of the Sudan / Mahmud El Zain
Maastricht : Shaker, 2007.

Nile basin cooperation : a review of the literature / Dahilo Yassin Mohamoda
Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2003.

The cross and the river : Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Nile / Haggai Erlich
Boulder, Col. [etc.] : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.
Online version (Restricted access)

Deserting the desert : a threatened cultural landscape between the Nile and the sea / Knut Krzywinski and Richard Holton Pierce
Bergen : University of Bergen, 2001.

Egypt and the hydro-politics of the Blue Nile River / Daniel Kendie
In: Northeast African studies : incorporating Ethiopianist notes , n.s., vol. 6 (2001), no. 1/2, p. 141-169

The hydropolitical assessment of the Nile question : an Ethiopian perspective / Tesfaye Tafesse
[Lausanne] : International Water Resources Association (IWRA), 2001.

Nilopolitics : a hydrological regime 1870-1990 / Mohamed-Hatem Al-Atawy
Cairo : American University in Cairo Press, 1996.


Nile history

Water, culture and identity : comparing past and present traditions in the Nile Basin region / Terje OestigaardCover The Nile
Bergen : BRIC Press, 2009.
Full text

African water histories : transdisciplinary discourses / Johann W. N. Tempelhoff
Gauteng : North-West University, 2005.

The River Nile in the age of the British : political ecology and the quest for economic power / Terje Tvedt
London [etc.] : IB Tauris, 2004.

The Nile / Robert O. Collins
New Haven [etc.] : Yale University Press, 2002.

The Nile and its masters : past, present, future : source of hope and anger / Jean Kérisel
Rotterdam [etc.] : Balkema, 2001.

The Nile : histories, cultures, myths / Haggai Erlich and Israel Gershoni
Boulder, Col. : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000.

The discovery of the Nile / Gianni Guadalupi
New York : Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1997.

King Leopold, England, and the Upper Nile, 1899-1909 / Robert O. Collins
New Haven [etc.] : Yale University Press, 1968.

England, Europe and the Upper Nile, 1882-1899 : a study in the partition of Africa / George Neville Sanderson
Edinburgh : University press, 1965.

The Nile Quest : A Record of the Exploration of the Nile and its Basin / Harry Johnston
Place of publication not identified : publisher not identified, 1903.
DOI access


IHE Collection

Making water security : a morphological account of nile river development / Hermen SmitCover Making water security
[S.l.] : CRC PRESS, 2020.

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile / Wossenu Abtew and Shimelis Behailu Dessu
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2019.
DOI access

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam versus Aswan High Dam : a view from Egypt / Abdelazim M. Negm and Sommer Abdel-Fattah
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2019.
DOI access

The Nile development game : tug-of-war or benefits for all? / Mina Michel Samaan
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2019.
DOI access

Understanding The Impact Of Human Interventions On The Hydrology Of Nile Basin Headwaters, The... Case Of Upper Tekeze Catchments / Tesfay Gebretsadkan Gebremicael
[S.l.] : CRC PRESS, 2019. - IHE Delft PhD thesis series

Power relations of development : the case of dam construction in the Nubian homeland, Sudan / Tamer M. A. Abd Elkreem
Berlin : LIT Verlag, 2018. - Beiträge zur Afrikaforschung ; Band 88

The religious Nile : water, ritual and society since ancient Egypt / Terje Oestigaard
London : I.B. Tauris, 2018.

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, it's impact on Egyptian agriculture and the potential for alleviating water scarcity / Youssef M. Hamada
Cham : Springer, 2017.
DOI access

Irrigated agriculture in Egypt : past, present and future / Masayoshi Satoh and Samir Aboulroos
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2017.
DOI access

The Nile Delta / Abdelazim M. Negm
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2017.
DOI access

The Nile River / Abdelazim M. Negm
Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2017.
DOI access

Nile waters, Saharan sands : adventures of a geomorphologist at large / M. A. J. Williams
Cham : Springer, 2015.
DOI access

Assessing the impacts of environmental changes on the water resources of the Upper Mara, Lake Victoria Basin / F. N. Kilonzo
Leiden : CRC Press/BaURema, 2014.

Cultivating the Nile : the everyday politics of water in Egypt / Jessica Barnes
Durham : Duke University Press, 2014. - New ecologies for the twenty-first century

Damming the Abbay : an Eastern Nile shift? How ideas about damming the Abbay and materialized between 1950 and 2014 : an upstream perspective / A. Y. Gobosho
Delft : UNESCO-IHE, 2014.

The impact of soil erosion in the Upper Blue Nile on downstream reservoir sedimentation / Y. S. A. Ali
Leiden : CRC Press/BaURema, 2014.

Nile River Basin : ecohydrological challenges, climate change and hydropolitics / Assefa M. Melesse, et al.
Cham : Springer, 2014.
DOI access

Optimal operation of the Blue Nile System in Sudan before and after the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam / S. O. Eltoum Hamad
Delft : UNESCO-IHE, 2014.

International watercourses law in the Nile Basin : three states at a crossroads / Tadesse Kassa Woldetsadik
London [etc.] : Routledge, 2013.

Integrating strategic environmental assessment in water basin's plans formulation : case study : Lake Victoria Basin Water Office - Tanzania / A. N. George
Delft : Unesco-IHE, 2012.

Lake Victoria : the role of science in negotiations towards redefining the management of the lake's water resources / D. K. Bosuben
Delft : Unesco-IHE, 2012.

Reaching across the waters : facing the risks of cooperation in international waters / Ashok Subramanian, et al.
Washington, D.C. : World Bank, 2012.
DOI access

State of the River Nile Basin 2012 / NBI.
Entebbe : Nile Basin Intitative, 2012.

Nile River Basin : hydrology, climate and water use / Assefa M. Melesse
Dordrecht ; : Springer, 2011.
DOI access

Future hydropower scenarios under the influence of climate change for the riparian countries of Lake Victoria basin / Michael Kizza, et al.
Cairo : Nile Basin Capacity Building Network (NBCBN), 2010.

Hydrological and environmental aspects of wetlands : "Analytical tools for wetlands management in the Nile Basin" / Hoda Soussa, et al.
Cairo : NBCBN, 2010.

Integrated flood and drought management for sustainable development in the Nile Basin / Maurice Nyadawa, et al.
Cairo : Nile Basin Capacity Building Network (NBCBN), 2010.

Nile river bank erosion and protection / Abdalla A. Ahmed, et al.
Cairo : CBCBN, 2010.

Drought assessment, forecasts and predicitions under climate change scenario in the Upper Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia / Y. G. Bezabih
Delft : Unesco-IHE, 2009. - MSc Thesis WSE-HI ; 09.08

The Nile : origin, environments, limnology and human use / H. J. DumontCover The Nile origin, environments, limnology and human use
Dordrecht : Springer, 2009.
DOI access

Adapting an integrated lake ecosystem model to Lake Victoria / R. Ngendahayo
Delft : Unesco-IHE, 2007.

Integrated modelling and policy analysis of farming systems in papyrus wetlands near Lake Victoria, Kenya (East Africa) / L. A. Silva Restrepo
Delft : Unesco-IHE, 2007.

The dynamics of shoreline wetlands and sediments of northern Lake Victoria / Nicholas Azza
Leiden, the Netherlands : Taylor & Francis/BaURema, 2006.

Lake Victoria : Ecology, Resources, Environment / Joseph L. Awange and O. Obiero On'gan'ga
Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2006.
DOI access

When the rivers run dry : water, the defining crisis of the twenty-first century / Fred Pearce
Boston : Beacon Press, 2006.

Cereal demand and the option of virtual water trade between the Nile basin countries / T. M. Gebre
Delft : Unesco-IHE, 2004. - Unesco-IHE M. Sc. thesis WERM ; 04.15

Strategy for flood management for Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya / APFM, et al.
[s.l.] : APFM, 2004.

The Nile Basin : national determinants of collective action / John Waterbury
New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2002.

Development of an integrated decision support system to simulate the Nile water resources in Egypt / Ali Hany
Delft : IHE, 1999. - IHE M. Sc. thesis HE ; 44

The hydrology of the Nile / J. V. Sutcliffe, et al.
Wallingford : International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 1999. - IAHS special publication, 1024-4891 ; no. 5

Darwin's dreampond : drama in Lake Victoria / Tijs Goldschmidt and Sherry Marx
Cambridge, Mass : MIT Press, 1996.

Integrated water resources management in the Eastern Nile Delta, Egypt / N. A. S. El-Masry
Delft : IHE, 1996. - IHE M. Sc. thesis HH ; 288

Contribution to the risk analysis of hydrologic droughts based on hydrological time series of the river Nile / G. Reusing
Berlin : Selbstverlag Fachbereich Geowissenschaften - FU Berlin, 1994. - Berliner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen Reihe D Band ; 7

The Nile : sharing a scarce resource : a historical and technical review of water management and of economic and legal issues / Paul Philip Howell and John Anthony Allan.
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994.n

International Symposium on High Aswan Dam Vital Achievements, Fully Controlled / Fully Controlled International Symposium on High Aswan Dam Vital Achievements, et al.
Cairo : Egyptian National Committee on Large Dams, 1993.

Analysis of water management in the eastern Nile Delta : final report reuse model / S. T. Abdel Gawad, et al.
Wageningen : The Winand Staring Centre, 1991. - Reuse of Drainage Water Project report ; 30

Hydrology of the Nile Basin / Mamdouh Shahin
Amsterdam ; : Elsevier, 1985.

Water balance of lake Victoria and the effect of gravity / Sohair Saad Zaghloul
Cairo : Cairo University, 1982.

The Nile : biology of an ancient river / Julian Rzóska
The Hague : Junk, 1976. - Monographiae biologicae ; v. 29


Audiovisual resources

Beats of the Antonov / Hajooj Kuka and Steven Markovitz.Cover Beats of the Antonov
[Sudan] : Refugee Club/Big World Cinema, 2014.

Wonders of the African world / Henry Louis Gates.
[S.l.] : Wall to Wall Television, 2008.

Faut pas rêver : à la poursuite du Nil blanc / Georges Pernoud, et al.
[Paris] : France télévisions distribution, 2005.

Chitchat on the Nile = Dérives sur le Nil / Mervat Amin, et al.
Cairo [etc.] : Alam El Phan [etc.], 2002.

Ethiopia / Ian Wright.
Victoria [etc.] : Lonely Planet Publications [etc,], 1998.

Conflicts over water / Terje Dale, et al.
Oslo : Nordic World, 1997.

The daily struggle for water / Terje Dale, et al.
Oslo : Nordic World, 1997.

Making water work / Terje Dale, et al.
Oslo : Nordic World, 1997.

Water - the religious dimension / Terje Dale, et al.
Oslo : Nordic World, 1997.

The Shilluk of Southern Sudan / Christopher Curling, et al.
London : Royal Anthropological Institute, 1976.


Web resources

The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI)
The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is an intergovernmental partnership of 10 Nile Basin countries, namely Burundi, DR Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, The Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Eritrea participates as an observer. Their website includes information on their activities, and links to information resources, publications, maps, and infographics.

The Nile Basin Water Resources  Atlas
The Nile Basin Water Resources  Atlas is a knowledge tool developed by NBI, making  data and  information on the Nile Basin easily accessible.

Nile Basin Discourse (NBD)
Nile Basin Discourse (NBD) is a network of over 600 civil society organizations throughout the Nile Basin, established in 2003 to strengthen civil society participation in Nile Basin development processes, projects, programs and policies. Their website contains an e-resource centre holding many resources.

The Niles
The Niles is a journalism platform that, since 2017, aims to support transboundary water cooperation in the Nile Basin. It contains articles on politics, economy, and society.

Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC)
Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC) is a specialized institution of the East African Community (EAC), mandated to coordinate sustainable development and management of the Lake Victoria Basin. Their website includes blogs, videos, news, and publications.

Podcast: the Sources of the Nile
A podcast about media, science and water diplomacy in the Nile basin, exploring the role that media and scientific communication play in shaping transboundary conflicts and cooperation, through interviews with journalists and researchers from different Nile countries. The podcast is an initiative of the project "Open Water Diplomacy. Media, science and transboundary cooperation in the Nile basin" and is hosted by Emanuele Fantini.

Damming the Nile (BBC News)
Damming the Nile, focusing on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, is the first VR documentary series from BBC News, consisting of two episodes, and a short version. It can be viewed on a computer, mobile device, or a VR headset.

Without the Nile, there is no Egypt (NY Times)
Interactive article by the New York Times, in connection to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

Saving the Nile (Al Jazeera)
Interactive scientific report by Al Jazeera, in partnership with earth and space scientist Dr Essam Heggy, which analyses the impact of large dams on the Nile, as the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) nears its completion date in 2023.