African women and the Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Gender equalityEvery year, on 8 March – International Women’s Day – special attention is paid to the position of women worldwide. This year’s UN theme for that day is ‘Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality’. The theme is directly related to the new Sustainable Development Goals, a set of targets to be achieved in the next fifteen years, that follow on from the  Millennium Goals. Gender equality is an important factor in all of these targets. It is also an important issue for the African Union, that recently  declared 2016 the ‘African Year of Human Rights, with a particular focus on the Rights of Women’.

In this context, the ASCL Library has compiled a web dossier. Attention is paid to all the themes represented in the Sustainable Development Goals. The dossier is divided into eight thematic chapters, containing titles from our library catalogue published after 2011. Each title links to the corresponding record in the online catalogue, which provides abstracts and full text links (when available). The dossier opens with a thematic introduction by ASCL researcher Marleen Dekker and concludes with links to a number of relevant websites.

Introduction / Women as entrepreneurs / Women as workers / Women in politics / Women’s education / Women’s health / Women, peace and violence / Women and climate change / Women’s rights / Web resources


Improving the position of women in the world remains high on the political and development agenda. Gender equality features prominently in the new global goals - the Sustainable Development Goals - and the Letter on Inclusive Development that the Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation sent to Parliament in the autumn of 2015, which advocates for a structural focus on women in development.

This continued plea for gender equality is not only ‘the right thing to do’, also from a human rights perspective, it is arguably also a smart thing to do. Countries or economies cannot reap their full potential if half of the population is ignored or sidelined (the gender gap). Moreover, it is believed that including women has important implications for poverty reduction and economic growth. It is smart economics.

Yet, closing the gender gap and changing the position of women is not easy. And it is certainly not a linear process. To enable changes, it is extremely important to understand the scope of the gender gap, for example by using the Gender Equality Index developed by the African Development Bank. This Index assesses the state of gender equality on the continent, examining the role of women as producers, economic agents, in human development and as leaders in public life.

Knowledge, in diverse forms, on the historical, socio-cultural, economic as well as political position of women is also essential for informing policies and interventions aimed at enhancing the position of women in Africa, whether from a human rights- or a smart economics perspective. Given the contextual underpinnings of the position of women, improving their position is not a simple intervention based on cause and effect. For example, improvements in the economic position of women, through entrepreneurship development, may result in a backlash and even undermine the position of women within their family or in society.

This dossier provides recent literature on women and focuses on important themes related to the global goals. The themes address the full diversity of women as agents in the development process: women as entrepreneurs, as workers, in peace processes, as well as women’s health, education, rights and political participation.

Marleen Dekker, African Studies Centre Leiden

Women as entrepreneurs

Challenges of e-society for informal sector women entrepreneurs of Hlabisa local municipality in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa / Veli Jiyane
In: Innovation: (2014), no. 48, p. 87-112 : tab.

Entrepreneurs by the grace of God : life and work of seamstresses in Bolgatanga, Ghana/ Merel van 't Wout. - [S.l. : s.n.], 2014Cover Entrepreneurs by the Grace of God

Femmes d'affaires de Mauritanie/ Céline Lesourd. - Paris : Karthala, 2014. - (Hommes et sociétés)

Joking market women : critiquing and negotiating gender and social hierarchy in Kankossa, Mauritania/ Katherine Ann Wiley
In: Africa / International African Institute: (2014), vol.84, no.1, p.101-118.

L'intégration économique maghrébine : un destin obligé ? / Camillea Sari & Abderrahmane Mebtoul (ed.). - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2014

Large-scale land deals, global capital and the politics of livelihoods : experiences of women small-holder farmers in Chisumbanje, Zimbabwe/ Patience Mutopo & Manase Chiweshe
In: International Journal of African Renaissance Studies: (2014), vol.9, no.1, p.84-99.

Modernity in material form? : mobile phones in the careers of Ghanaian market women/ Jenna Burrell
In: Review of African Political Economy: (2014), vol.41, no.142, p.579-593.

PME et développement: atouts, contraintes institutionnelles et perspectives dans le contexte de la République Démocratique du Congo / C. Kamala Kaghoma (ed.). - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2014. - (Bukavu journal of economics and social sciences ; no. 2)

Chinese devils, the global market, and the declining power of Togo's Nana-Benzes/ Nina Sylvanus
In: African Studies Review: (2013), vol.56, no.1, p.65-80.

Donne, terre e mercati : ripensare lo sviluppo rurale in Africa sub-sahariana / Roberta Pellizzoli & Gabriella Rossetti (ed.). - Padova : CLEUP, 2013

Interventions en milieu rural et changement social au Niger : actions et réactions des femmes/ Tièkoura Ouassa. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2013

Mama Benz in trouble: networks, the State, and fashion wars in the Beninese textile market/ Ebbe Prag
In: African Studies Review: (2013), vol.56, no.3, p.101-121.

Women informal garment traders in Taveta Road, Nairobi: from the margins to the center/ Mary Njeri Kinyanjui
In: African Studies Review: (2013), vol.56, no.3, p.147-164.

Women, livestock ownership and markets : bridging the gender gap in Eastern and Southern Africa / Jemimah Njuki & Pascal C. Sanginga (ed.). - London : Routledge, 2013

Bread for breadwinners : a guide for grassroots organisations working on women's economic empowerment in the two Sudans / Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA) Network, Kampala. - Kampala : Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), 2012

Camel herders, middlewomen, and urban milk bars: the commodification of camel milk in Kenya / David M. Anderson
In: Journal of Eastern African Studies: (2012), vol. 6, no. 3, p. 383-404.

Educating women entrepreneurs in Kigali, Rwanda : expanding capabilities for enhancing entrepreneurship in a socially just context?/ Carolien Vis. - [S.l. : s.n.], 2012

Everything is connected: an interpretive study of local economic development in South Africa/ Hazel Mutsa Kwaramba. - [S.l. : s.n.], 2012

Gender alternatives for Africa's development : method and evidence / Manthiba M. Phalane & Antonia T. Okoosi-Simbine (ed.). - Dakar : CODESRIA, 2012. - (CODESRIA gender series ; 9)

Mobilités spatiales des commerçantes africaines: une voie vers l'émancipation? / Sylvie Bredeloup
In: Autrepart: (2012), no. 61, p. 23-39.

Strategies for improving the economic status of female-headed households in eastern Zimbabwe : the case for adopting the IAR4D frameworks innovation platforms / K. Nyikahadzoi
In: Journal of Social Development in Africa: (2012), vol. 27, no. 2, p. 59-84 : fig. , tab.

Above the odds : a decade of change for Ugandan women entrepreneurs/ Sarah Kitakule & Margaret C. Snyder. - Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press, 2011

Assessment of the environment for the development of women's entrepreneurship in Cameroon, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Senegal/ Lois Stevenson & Annette St-Onge. - Geneva : International Labour Office . Employment sector, 2011. - (Employment report ... ; no. 15)

Entrepreneurs maghrébins : terrains en développement / Pierre Noel Denieuil & Mohamed Madoui (ed.). - Paris : Karthala, 2011. - (Hommes et sociétés)

Factors affecting loan repayment performance of women in Ethiopia : analysis of the case of Harar Microfinance Institution/ Samiya Abdullahi. - Saarbrücken : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011

Global exchanges and gender perspectives in Africa / Jean Bernard Ouédraogo & Roseline M. Achieng' (ed.). - Dakar : CODESRIA, 2011

Is microcredit a viable strategy for empowering women? : a review of selected NGO programmes in Africa / Seidu Al-hassan
In: Ghana Journal of Development Studies: (2011), vol. 8, no. 1, p. 72-89 : graf. , tab.

Le marché de Dantokpa à Cotonou : opportunités socio-économiques et intégration urbaine des commerçantes / Oriane Letourneur
In: Revue africaine: (2011), no. 5, p. 143-157 : foto's.

Mamãs quitandeiras, kínguilas e zungueiras : trajectórias femininas e quotidiano de comerciantes de rua em Luanda / Orlando Santos
In: Revista angolana de sociologia: (2011), no. 8, p. 35-61.

Projet d'alphabétisation et de formation des femmes transformatrices de produits halieutiques du village de Pointe Sarène, Département de Mbour, Sénégal / Bureau régional pour l'éducation en Afrique. - Dakar : Bureau régional pour l'éducation en Afrique, UNESCO, 2011

Taxi sister / Theresa Traore Dahlberg. - [S.l.] : Reaktor, 2011. - 1 dvd-video (28 min.). : kleur, gel.

Women as workers

Pharmacy in Senegal : gender, healing, and entrepreneurship/ Donna A. Patterson. - Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 2015Cover Girls of the factory

Literary bridges of Sindiwe Magona/ Dianne Shober. - Mainz : Institut für Ethnologie und Afrikastudien, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 2014. - (Arbeitspapiere ; 149)

Sexy money / Karin Junger. - Rotterdam [etc.] : De Productie [etc.], 2014. - 1 dvd-video (75 min.). : kleur, gel.

Culture as anchor or culture as impediment? : the plight of child care workers (CCWs) in dealing with HIV related deaths in a children's home/ Nonjabulo C. Memela & Vukani L. Makhaba
In: Indilinga: (2013), vol.12, no.1, p.80-95.

Determinants of black women's labour force participation in post-apartheid South Africa / Miracle Ntuli & Martin Wittenberg
In: Journal of African Economies: (2013), vol. 22, no. 3, p. 347-374 : tab.

Gender equality in employment in Africa: empirical analysis and policy implications / John C. Anyanwu & Darline Augustine
In: African Development Review: (2013), vol. 25, no. 4, p. 400-420 : fig. , tab.

Les ouvrières marocaines en mouvement : Qui paye? Qui fait le ménage? Et qui décide?/ Leila Bouasria. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2013. - (Mondes en mouvement)

Recruitment and female labour in Tanzanian hospitality companies: an exploration / Gundula Fischer
In: Journal of Contemporary African Studies: (2013), vol. 31, no. 1, p. 62-76 : tab.

Sur la planche / Leila Kilani & Soufia Issami. - [Paris] : Epicentre Films, 2013. - 1 dvd-video (106 min.). : kleur, gel.

The gender wage gap in post-apartheid South Africa: a re-examination / Haroon Bhorat & Sumayya Goga
In: Journal of African Economies: (2013), vol. 22, no. 5, p. 827-848 : tab.

(En)gendering the transition in South Africa : the role of COSATU women activists / Malehoko Tshoaedi
In: Transformation: (2012), no. 78, p. 1-26.

Investigating the gender gap in South African trade union membership : a decomposition analysis / Miracle Ntuli
In: The South African Journal of Economics: (2012), vol. 80, no. 1, p. 42-61 : fig. , graf. , tab.

The global economic crisis and the developing world : implications and prospects for recovery and growth / Ashwini Deshpande & Keith Nurse (ed.). - London : Routledge, 2012. - (Routledge studies in development economics, ISSN 1359-7884 ; no. 95)

Wilting in bloom : the irony of women labour rights in the cut-flower sector in Kenya / Kenya National Commission on Human Rights. - Nairobi : Kenya Human Rights Commission, 2012

Women in the forefront of workplace struggles in South Africa : from invisibility to mobilization / Malehoko Tshoaedi
In: Labour, Capital and Society: (2012), vol. 45, no. 2, p. 58-83.

Women's rights as the missing link in poverty eradication in Nigeria / Olayinka Akanle & A. O. Olutayo
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2012), vol. 18, no. 1, p. 227-241.

'Hitting the glass ceiling': gender and media management in sub-Saharan Africa / Maria Zuiderveld
In: Journal of African Media Studies: (2011), vol. 3, no. 3, p. 401-415.

'Just the way things are' : gender equity and sexual harassment in the South African Police Service / Theresa Ulicki
In: Transformation: (2011), no. 76, p. 95-119.

Child domestic labor in Accra : opportunity and empowerment or perpetuation of gender inequality? / Peace Mamle Tetteh
In: Ghana Studies: (2011), vol. 14, p. 163-189.

Girls of the factory : a year with the garment workers of Morocco/ M. Laetitia Cairoli. - Gainesville, FL : University Press of Florida, 2011

Organizing women workers in the agribusiness sector: case studies from East Africa / Bénédicte Brahic
In: Labour, Capital and Society: (2011), vol. 44, no. 1, p. 70-97.

Reconstructing the political? : mall committees and South African precarious retail workers / Bridget Kenny
In: Labour, Capital and Society: (2011), vol. 44, no. 1, p. 44-69.

The cutlass my husband, the hoe my wife : "women and economic development among the Laimbwe of North West Cameroon in contemporary times / Henry Kam Kah
In: Kaliao: (2011), vol. 3, no. 5, p. 9-22.

Transnational activism networks and gendered gatekeeping : negotiating gender in an African association of informal workers/ Ilda Lindell. - Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2011. - (Current African issues, ISSN 0280-2171 ; 48)

Unions and the gender wage gap in South Africa / Daniela Casale & Dorrit Posel
In: Journal of African Economies: (2011), vol. 20, no. 1, p. 27-59 : graf. , tab.

Women in politics

Intersectionality and women's political citizenship : the case of Mauritius/ Ramola RamtohulCover Third class citizens
In: Journal of Contemporary African Studies: (2015), vol.33, no.1, p.27-47 : tab.

The micropolitics of reform : gender quota, grassroots associations and the renewal of local elites in Morocco/ Yasmine Berriane
In: The Journal of North African Studies: (2015), vol.20, no.3, p.432-449.

The politics of women's empowerment in post-war Sierra Leone : contradictions, successes, and challenges / Tukumbi Lumumba-Kasongo (ed.). - Leiden [etc.] : Brill, 2015. - (African and Asian studies, ISSN 1569-2094 ; vol. 14, no. 1/2)

Third-class citizens : women and citizenship in Sudan : a paper on women's struggle for equal citizenship in Sudan / Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), Kampala. - Kampala : Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), 2015

Eleições autarquicas de 2013 : participação e representação de mulheres e homens/ Conceição Osório, Ernesto Macuacua & Edson Mussa. - Maputo : WLSA Mozambique, 2014

Femmes en politique au Burundi : leur nombre, leur influence ?/ Pascasie Minani Passy. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2014. - (Études africaines)

'Her Excellency' : an exploratory overview of women cabinet ministers in Africa / Gretchen Bauer & Faith Okpotor
In: Africa Today: (2013/14), vol. 60, no. 1, p. 77-97 : tab.

Special issue: The evolving role of elections in Africa / K. J. Maphunye (ed.). - Johannesburg : EISA, 2013. - (Journal of African elections, ISSN 1609-4700 ; vol. 12, no. 3 (2013))

The political representation of women in totalitarian states : a case study of Eritrea / Tirhas T. Habtu
In: Stichproben: (2013), Jg. 13, Nr. 24, S. 33-63.

Conversations with my sons and daughters/ Mamphela Ramphele. - Johannesburg : Penguin, 2012

Parliament since 1962 : our story / Helen N. Kawesa & Mohammed G. Katamba (ed.) / Uganda. Parliament. - Kampala : Parliament of Uganda, 2012

Political participation of South African women : a move from apartheid to the contemporary times / Tanvi Tripathi
In: Indian Journal of African Studies: (2012), vol. 18, no. 1/2, p. 181-198.

Pourquoi pas nous? Statut social et "adultéité politique" des femmes gando au Bénin / Éric Komlavi Hahonou
In: Autrepart: (2012), no. 61, p. 157-173.

Special issue: Women and local government elections / Amanda Gouws (ed.). - Johannesburg : EISA, 2012. - (Journal of African elections, ISSN 1609-4700 ; vol. 11, no. 2 (2012))

More women in the Tanzanian legislature : do numbers matter? / Mi Yung Yoon
In: Journal of Contemporary African Studies: (2011), vol. 29, no. 1, p. 83-98 : tab.

Mulher e poder : o caso de Cabo Verde/ Crispina Gomes. - Praia : Instituto da Biblioteca Nacional e do Livro, 2011. - (Estudos e pesquisas)

The status and political participation of women in the Democratic Republic of Congo (1960-2010) : a critical historical reflection / Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad & Tshombe M. Lukamba
In: New Contree: (2011), no. 62, p. 91-110 : tab.

Women's representation in government: quotas, substantive equality and self interested politicians / Amanda Gouws
In: Transformation: (2011), vol. 77 (2011), p. 80-99.

Women, politics and decision-making in Sierra Leone / Maseray Ngadie Rogers
In: Ghana Journal of Development Studies: (2011), vol. 8, no. 1, p. 50-71.

[Second annual Conference on African women in politics report] / Norah Matovu Winyi (ed.) / African Women Development and Communication Network. - Nairobi : Femnet, 2011

Women as ministers and the issue of gender equality in the Republic of Cape Verde/ Ângela Sofia Benoliel Coutinho
In: Afrika Zamani: (2010/11), no.18/19, p.151-160.

Women’s education

Effectiveness of gender policies in the promotion of women leaders in universities : a case of Midlands State University, Zimbabwe / Ellen Farisayi ZvobgoCover a World of their Own
In: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (2015), vol. 27, no. 1, p. 15-32 : tab.

The rising demand for higher education : the case of women's university in Africa / Charles Muchemwa Nherera
In: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (2015), vol. 27, no. 2, p. 221-239 : tab.

(En)gendering Muslim self-assertiveness : Muslim schooling and female elite formation in Uganda / Dorothea E. Schulz
In: Journal of Religion in Africa: (2013), vol. 43, no. 4, p. 396-425 : foto's.

A world of their own : a history of South African women's education/ Meghan Healy-Clancy. - Scottsville : University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2013. - (Reconsiderations in Southern African history)

An analysis of women's access to higher education in Zimbabwe/ Precious Guramatunhu-Mudiwa
In: Restoring the educational dream : rethinking educational transformation in Zimbabwe / Edward Shizha (ed.).- Pretoria : Africa Institute of South Africa: (2013), p.234-257 : graf., tab.

Du droit des femmes africaines à l'éducation / Joséphine Bitota Mwamba
In: Éthique & société: (2013), vol. 9, no. 3, p. 359-386.

Female leadership dilemmas in primary schools : a case study of primary schools in Harare Province in Zimbabwe / Tichaona Mapolisa
In: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (2013), vol. 25, no. 2, p. 261-276.

Les filles à l'école au Mali : langage, représentations et interactions/ Marie Gaelle Tholé. - Paris : l'Harmattan, 2013. - (Savoir et formation)

Striving to achieve gender equity in education : a Zimbabwean experience / Owence Chabaya & Enna S. Gudhlanga
In: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (2013), vol. 25, no. 1, p. 123-148 : tab.

Towards achieving gender equality and equity in the provision of education to the girl child in selected secondary schools in Gwanda District / Dingindawo Ncube
In: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (2013), vol. 25, no. 1, p. 1-19.

Women and power: education, religion and identity/ Olutoyin Mejiuni. - Dakar : CODESRIA, 2013

Critical issues in female performance at the University of Dar es Salaam 2004-2010: role models and lessons for the future / Magdalena K. Ngaiza
In: Utafiti: (2012), vol. 9, no. 1 & 2, p. 74-98 : graf. , tab.

Does free primary education narrow gender differences in schooling? : evidence from Kenya / Adrienne M. Lucas & Isaac M. Mbiti
In: Journal of African Economies: (2012), vol. 21, no. 5, p. 691-722 : graf. , tab.

Educating Muslim women and the Izala movement in Zaria city, Nigeria/ Elisha P. Renne
In: Islamic Africa: (2012), vol.3, no.1, p.55-86 : krt., tab.

Gender mainstreaming in higher education : successes, challenges and lessons / Patrick Mutanga
In: OSSREA Bulletin: (2012), vol. 9, no. 2, p. 22-28 : graf. , tab.

How women in higher education negotiate work and home: a study of selected women at a university in South Africa/ Deevia Bhana & Venitha Pillay
In: Journal of Higher Education in Africa: (2012)

"Education for all" initiatives and the barriers to educating girls and young women in Tanzania / Eustella Peter Bhalalusesa
In: Papers in Education and Development: (2011), no. 30, p. 104-132 : tab.

Analysis of practices : empowering aspects of a tailoring training for teenage girls in Burkina Faso/ Nynke Bosscher. - [S.l. : s.n.], 2011

Éducation des filles au Sénégal : document de référence / Sénégal. Ministère de l'enseignement élémentaire, du moyen secondaire et des langues nationales (MEEMSLN), Dakar. Direction de la planification et de la réforme de l'éducation. Cadre de coordination des interventions sur l'éducation des filles, Sénégal. - [Dakar] : MEEMSLN [etc.], 2011

Le rôle de l'écriture-femme dans l'éducation féminine au Cameroun : de l'équité des genres à la sexospécificité / Cécile Dolisane-Ebosse
In: Kaliao: (2011), vol. 3, no. 6, p. 150-164.

Mobilités de travail, scolarisation et devenir des filles à l'age adulte dans la région de Fatick (Sénégal) / Sylvain Landry Faye
In: Annales de la Faculté des letters et sciences humaines / Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar: (2011), no. 41B, p. 149-168.

Neo-liberal economic restructuring of public universities in Ghana : effects and challenges for academic women scientists / Josephine Beoku-Betts
In: Ghana Studies: (2011), vol. 14, p. 191-221.

Promoting gender equity in selected public universities of Kenya/ Jane Kerubo Onsongo. - Addis Adaba : Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA), 2011

Sexual harassment and deontology in the university milieu = Harcèlement sexuel et déontologie en milieu universitaire/ Jean Emmanuel Pondi. - Yaoundé : Éditions CLÉ, 2011

Strengthening gender research to improve girls' and womens' education in Africa / Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE). - [Nairobi] : FAWE, 2011. - (FAWE research series ; v. 1,2,3)

Tertiary education and gender disparities in a dollarised economy : a case study of the Faculty of Social Studies at the University of Zimbabwe / Tichaona Zivengwa, Fanuel Hazvina & Nobuhle Maphosa
In: Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (2011), vol. 23, no. 3, p. 204-221 : graf.

Women’s health

Menstrual synchrony claims among Suri girls (Southwest Ethiopia) : between culture and biology / Jon AbbinkCover Understanding nomadic realities
In: Cahiers d'études africaines: (2015), vol. 55, cah. 218, p. 279-302 : foto.

Conscientious objection to abortion and accomodating women's reproductive health rights : reflections on a decision of the Constitutional Court of Colombia from an African regional human rights perspective / Charles G. Ngwena
In: Journal of African Law: (2014), vol. 58, no. 2, p. 183-209.

Fertility and fontanels : womens knowledge of medicinal plants for reproductive health and childcare in western Africa/ Alexandra Maria Towns. - [Netherlands] : [publisher not identified], 2014

In search of a face : childbearing decisions among couples living with HIV from rural southern Malawi/ Belinda C. Gombachika & Heidi Fjeld
In: African Journal of AIDS Research: (2014), vol.13, no.1, p.21-29 : graf., tab.

Les droits reproductifs 20 ans après le Caire / Arlette Gautier & Chrystelle Grenier-Torres (ed.). - Paris : IRD, 2014. - (Autrepart, ISSN 1278-3986 ; no. 70)

Millennium Development Goals - Kenya : sustaining the gains for maternal and child health / Juliana Juma & Alan Hauquitz
In: The Australasian Review of African Studies: (2014), vol. 35, no. 2, p. 64-68.

A hermeneutical challenge in the fight against HIV and AIDS in the Johane Marange Apostolic Church / Richard Tafara Nenge
In: Exchange: (2013), vol. 42, no. 3, p. 252-266.

Constructing patient and patient healthcare : indigenous knowledge and the use of 'isihlambezo'/ Maheshvari Naidu
In: Indilinga: (2013), vol.12, no.2, p.252-262.

Éducation relative à l'environnement et médecine traditionnelle: cas des femmes déplacées internes de la crise postélectoral de 2010 en Côte d'Ivoire/ Kabran Aristide Djane
In: African Sociological Review: (2013), vol.17, no.1, p.104-121 : fig., krt.

Informed consent for sterilisation of women and girls with disabilities in the light of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities / Willene Holness
In: Agenda: (2013), no. 98, p. 35-54.

Legal justification for statutory control of access to IVF services in Nigeria : a pragmatic perspective / Abdulwasiu Ojo Yusuff
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2013), vol. 19, no. 2, p. 287-305.

Migration status, reproductive health knowledge and sexual behaviour among female out-of-school adolescents in Iwaya community, Lagos, Nigeria / Michael O. N. Kunnuji
In: African Journal of AIDS Research: (2013), vol. 12, no. 4, p. 221-228 : graf. , tab.

Regulating to liberate : Zambia's population policy through the reproductive rights lens / Mulela Margaret Munalula
In: Zambia Law Journal: (2013), vol. 44, p. 77-102.

The medical history of abortion in South Africa, c.1970-2000 / Rebecca Hodes
In: Journal of Southern African Studies: (2013), vol. 39, no. 3, p. 527-542 : tab.

The potential of the Expert Committee of the African Children's Charter in advancing adolescent sexual health and rights in Africa/ Ebenezer Durojaye
In: Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa: (2013), vol.46, no.3, p.385-409.

The pure and the pious : corporeality, flow, and transgression in Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity / Anita Hannig
In: Journal of Religion in Africa: (2013), vol. 43, no. 3, p. 297-328.

VIH/SIDA, société et développement au Congo-Brazzaville / Paul Nzete (ed.). - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2013

Barriers to and opportunities for provision and dissemination of information on sexuality and reproductive health to girls in secondary schools in Kenya / Monica W. Rukwaro & Japhet Otike
In: Innovation: (2012), no. 45, p. 51-70.

Behind the numbers, beyond the law : young women and the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Uganda/ Busingye Kabumba. - Kampala : Human Rights and Peace Centre (HURIPEC), Faculty of Law, Makerere University, 2012. - (HURIPEC working paper ; no. 34)

Exploring gender and cultural factors associated with sexual health communication in the era of HIV/AIDS : implications for sexual health interventions/ Dorah U. Ramathuba
In: Indilinga: (2012), vol.11, no.1, p.73-82 : tab.

Feminisms, HIV and AIDS : subverting power, reducing vulnerability/ Vicci Tallis. - Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012

Gender, sexual reproductive health and the law in Nigeria / M. O. A. Ashiru & Olaolu S. Opadere
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2012), vol. 18, no. 1, p. 202-226.

Locating the determinants of unsafe abortion beyond the legal framework of abortion laws : a case study of Nigerian and Ghanaian abortion laws / Funminiyi A. R. Adeleke
In: Journal of African and International Law: (2012), vol. 5, no. 3, p. 555-573.

Occupational influence on women's attitude towards oral health in the Enugu State, Nigeria / Rita Ngozi Ani & U. C. Nnabueze
In: Ghana Journal of Development Studies: (2012), vol. 9, no. 2, p. 125-135 : tab.

Rape and women's sexual health in Nigeria: the stark realities of being female in a patriarchal world/ Caroline Okumdi Muoghalu
In: The African Anthropologist: (2012), vol.19, no.1/2, p.33-41.

Reproductive health aspirations and unmet needs in urban slums in Ibadan and Kaduna, Nigeria: a qualitative exploration/ Akanni Ibukun Akinyemi
In: The African Anthropologist: (2012), vol.19, no.1/2, p.43-66.

Santé de la reproduction, genre et droits des enfants au Congo : enjeux et défis : une analyse approfondie des données de l'EDSCI-2005 / Gervais Beninguisse, Barthélémy Kalambayi Banza, & Germain Bingoly-Liword (ed.). - Louvain-la-neuve : Harmattan-Academia, 2012

Substantive equality and maternal mortality in Nigeria / Ebenezer Durojaye
In: Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law: (2012), no. 65, p. 103-132.

The 'Fish trader+' model : reducing female fish traders' vulnerability to HIV / Saskia M. C. Hüsken & Simon Heck
In: African Journal of AIDS Research: (2012), vol. 11, no. 1, p. 17-26 : tab.

The politics of women's health in South Africa / Mandisa Mbali & Sethembiso Mthembu (ed.). - Durban : Agenda Feminist Media, 2012. - (Agenda, ISSN 1013-0950 ; no. 92)

Transactional sex in the fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Kenya : a catalyst for the spread of HIV / Zacharay A. Kwena
In: African Journal of AIDS Research: (2012), vol. 11, no. 1, p. 9-15 : tab.

Understanding nomadic realities : case studies on sexual and reproductive health and rights in Eastern Africa/ Godson Zakaria Maro / Anke van der Kwaak (ed.). - Amsterdam : KIT Publishers, 2012

Courts and the need for dynamism in the promotion of reproductive health rights : a Nigerian perspective / Babafemi Odunsi & Folake Olaleye
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2011), vol. 17, no. 1, p. 125-146.

Encampment of communities in war-affected areas and its effect on their livelihood security and reproductive health : the case of northern Uganda / Deborah Mulumba
In: Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review: (2011), vol. 27, no. 1, p. 107-129.

Gender vulnerabilities, spousal abuse and the incidence of HIV in Lesotho : a case for an integrative rights-based approach / Dejo Olowu
In: African Journal of AIDS Research: (2011), vol. 10, no. 3, p. 235-246 : fig. , graf. , tab.

Studying intimate matters : engaging methodological challenges in studies on gender, sexuality and reproductive health in sub-Saharan Africa / Barbara Ann Barrett & Christian Groes-Green (ed.). - Kampala : Fountain Publishers, 2011

Women, peace and violence

'We are trained to be married!' : elite formation and ideology in the 'girls' battalion' of the Sudan People's Liberation Army/ Clémence PinaudCover Hope, pain and patience
In: Journal of Eastern African Studies: (2015), vol.9, no.3, p.375-393.

Special issue: gender, peace and security in Africa / Cheryl Hendricks (ed.). - Pretoria : Institute for Security Studies, 2015. - (African security review, ISSN 2154-0128 ; vol. 24, no. 4)

The challenges, struggle and resistance of women in conflict zones : a case study from Darfur, western Sudan/ Awadiya Ahmed Yahia
In: Darfur's political economy : a quest for development / Hamid Eltgani Ali (ed.).- London [etc.] : Routledge: (2015), p.152-178.

Women, war and peace in Mozambique : the case of Manica Province / Mark Chingono
In: African Journal on Conflict Resolution: (2015), vol. 15, no. 1, p. 107-130.

Congo's women warriors / Stephanie Lamorre. - Boulogne-Billancourt : Java Films, 2014. - 1 dvd-video (52 min.). : kleur, gel.

Ordinary violence and social change in Africa / Jacky Bouju & Mirjam de Bruijn (ed.). - Leiden [etc.] : Brill, 2014. - (Afrika-Studiecentrum series, ISSN 1570-9310 ; vol. 31)

Sexual violence in Sierra Leone's civil war: 'virgination', rape, and marriage/ Zoe Marks
In: African Affairs: (2014), vol.113, no.450, p.67-87.

"Towards developing a methodology to work with men against violence of women in the Horn of Africa" / Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), Kampala. - Kampala : Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa (SIHA), 2013

Gender Based Violence : Research Report / Chama cha Waandishi wa Habari Wanawake Tanzania;Tanzania Media Women's Association (TAMWA). - Dar es Salaam, Tanzania : TAMWA, 2013

National plan of action on gender-based violence, 2012-2016 : zero tolerance for GBV / Republic of Namibia. Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. - Windhoek : Republic of Namibia, Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare, 2012

Routine screening for intimate partner violence in public health care settings in Kenya : an assessment of acceptability/ Chi Chi Undie / AIDS, Population and Health Integrated Assistance. Operations Research. - Nairobi : APHIA II OR Project in Kenya, Population Council, 2012

Eradication of gender-based violence in Uganda/ Deborah Kasente. - Kampala : Fountain Publishers, 2011

Hope, pain & patience : the lives of women in South Sudan / Friederike Bubenzer & Orly Stern (ed.). - Auckland Park : Jacana Media, 2011

Politiques publiques au Maroc : face aux violences faites aux femmes / Association marocaine pour les droits des femmes (AMDF), Casablanca. - Casablanca : Editions Le Fennec, 2011. - (Enquête)

Resolution 1325 in 2020 : looking forward, looking back/ Martha Mutisi, Kwemi Ogunsanya & Dorcas Ettang / ACCORD, Durban. - Durban : African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD), 2011

The (re-) conceptualisation of women in gendered international interventions : examples from post-war Sierra Leone/ Anita Schroven. - Halle/Saale : Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, 2011. - (Working papers, ISSN 1615-4568 ; no. 130)

Towards an indigenous model of conflict resolution : reinventing women's roles as traditional peacebuilders in neo-colonial Africa / Christopher Isike & Ufo Okeke Uzodike
In: African Journal on Conflict Resolution: (2011), vol. 11, no. 2, p. 33-59 : tab.

Women and climate change

Accès à l'eau pour les agricultrices sahéliennes : enjeux pour une démocratie inclusive / Rosnert Ludovic Alissoutin & Ramata Molo Thioune (ed.). - Bamenda : Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2014

Cover Impacts of climate change and variability

Gender, culture and climate change in rural Namibia / Margaret Ndapewa Angula & Ewaldine Menjono
In: Journal for studies in humanities and social sciences: (2014), vol. 3, no. 1 & 2, p. 225-238 : tab.

Special issue : gender and climate change / Urmilla Bob & Agnes Babugura (ed.). - Durban : Agenda Feminist Media, 2014. - (Agenda, ISSN 2158-978X ; vol. 28, no. 3)

Impacts of climate change and variability on pastoralist women in Sub-Saharan Africa / Munyae M. Mulinge & Getu Melese (ed.). - Kampala : Fountain Publishers, 2013

Women and climate change : strategies for adaptive capacity in Mwanga District, Tanzania / Joyce Waririmu Muthoni & Elizabeth Edna Wangui
In: African Geographical Review: (2013), vol. 32, no. 1, p. 59-71 : fig. , tab.

Women's rights

Femmes et discriminations au Mali/ Aly Tounkara. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2015. - (Collection Études africaines)

Women's land rights in the context of the land tenure reform in Rwanda - the experiences of policy implementers/ Jeannette Bayisenge, Staffan Höjer & Margareta Espling
In: Journal of Eastern African Studies: (2015), vol.9, no.1, p.74-90.

Gender equality in African customary law : has the male ultimogeniture rule any future in Botswana? / Charles Manga Fombad
In: Journal of Modern African Studies: (2014), vol. 52, no. 3, p. 475-494.

Including women's voices? : gender mainstreaming in EU and SADC development strategies for Southern Africa/ Petra Debusscher & Merran Hulse
In: Journal of Southern African Studies: (2014), vol.40, no.3, p.559-573 : tab.

La reproduction du statut de la femme en République démocratique du Congo/ Espérance Bayedila Tshimungu. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2014. - (Comptes rendus)Cover La reproduction du statut

Reach out Africa : studies in community empowerment, sustainable development, and cross-cultural engagement/ Dorothy H. Ettling & Kevin B. Vichcales. - Bloomington, IN : Archway Publishing, 2014

Shara in Africa today : reactions and responses/ John Chesworth & Franz Kogelmann. - Leiden : Brill, 2014. - (Islam in Africa, ISSN 1570-3754 ; vol. 15)

The (in)visible subject : women's normative strategies in eastern Congo/ Évelyne Jean-Bouchard
In: The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law: (2014), vol.46, no.3, p.357-373.

Ugandan born-again Christians and the moral politics of gender equality / Lydia Boyd
In: Journal of Religion in Africa: (2014), vol. 44, no. 3-4, p. 333-354.

Women, mobility and rural livelihoods in Zimbabwe : experiences of fast track land reform/ Patience Mutopo. - Leiden : Brill, 2014. - (Afrika-Studiecentrum series ISSN 1570-9310 ; volume 32)

Customary land ownership and gender disparity : evidence from the Wa municipality of Ghana / Elias Danyi Kuusaana, Joseph Kwaku Kidido & Eniam Halidu-Adam
In: Ghana Journal of Development Studies: (2013), vol. 10, no. 1/2, p. 63-80 : tab.

Gender and human rights : biology and bodies / Eliane Salo & Benita Moolman (ed.). - Durban : Agenda Feminist Media, 2013. - (Agenda, ISSN 1013-0950 ; no. 98)

Insights into gender equity, equality and power relations in Sub-Saharan Africa / Mansah Prah (ed.). - Kampala [etc.] : Fountain Publishers [etc.], 2013

La ratification par le Cameroun du Protocole à la Charte africaine des Droits de l'Homme et des peuples relatif aux droits de la femme / Angéline Florence Ngomo
In: Revue juridique et politique des États francophones: (2013), année 67, no. 2, p. 215-246.

Muslim women in postcolonial Kenya : leadership, representation, and social change/ Ousseina Alidou. - Madison, WI : The University of Wisconsin Press, 2013. - (Women in Africa and the diaspora)

Promoting gender equality and female empowerment : a systematic review of the evidence on property rights, labour markets, political participation and violence against women/ Marleen Dekker. - Leiden : African Studies Centre, 2013. - (ASC working paper ; 111)

Reforming African abortion laws to achieve transparency : arguments from equality / Charles G. Ngwena
In: African Journal of International and Comparative Law: (2013), vol. 21, pt. 3, p. 398-426.

Women and discriminatory laws and practices in Nigeria : a critical assessment / Ine Nnadi
In: Recht in Afrika: (2013), Jg. 16, H. 1, S. 59-66.

Worlds of human rights : the ambiguities of rights claiming in Africa / Bill Derman, Anne Hellum, & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (ed.). - Leiden [etc.] : Brill, 2013. - (Afrika-Studiecentrum series, ISSN 1570-9310 ; vol. 26)

Between modernism and heritage : the application of the parallel legal system to the Oromo women of Ethiopia / Hiwot Alamayehu (ed.). - Kampala : 2012

Daughters of the Niger Delta / Ilse van Lamoen. - Abuja : MIND, 2012. - 1 dvd-video (55 min.). : kleur, gel.

Developing nations: renegotiating women's relevance through emotional stability / Chinwuba N. Nkemakonam
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2012), vol. 18, no. 1, p. 86-99.

Émancipation et obéissance: religieuses catholiques au Burkina Faso durant un siècle / Katrin Langewiesche
In: Autrepart: (2012), no. 61, p. 117-136.

Engendering social protection : conference summary report, international conference, Lusaka, October 22-23, 2012 / Daniel Kumitz (ed.). - Lusaka : Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2012

États de femmes : rapports sociaux et rapports sociaux de sexe / Mbah,Jean Ferdinand. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2012. - (Revue gabonaise de sociologie ; no. 6)

Feminizing development : the political sociology of female tokenism in the Nigerian project / Sylvanus I. Ebohon
In: African and Asian Studies: (2012), vol. 11, no. 4, p. 410-443 : tab.

Gender relations in Cameroon : multidisciplinary perspectives / Emmanuel Yenshu Vubo (ed.). - Mankon : Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2012

Gendered insecurities, health and development in Africa / Howard Stein & Amal Hassan Fadlalla (ed.). - London [etc] : Routledge, 2012. - (Routledge studies in development economics, ISSN 1359-7884 ; 97)

Issues in women's right to land in Cameroon / Lotsmart N. Fonjong (ed.). - Cameroon : Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2012

Les effets de l'émigration masculine sur les femmes et leur autonomie: entre maintien et transformation des rapports sociaux de sexe traditionnels au Sénégal / Nathalie Mondain
In: Autrepart: (2012), no. 61, p. 81-97.

Les femmes africaines à l'épreuve du développement / Nouria Benghabrit-Remaoun & Belkacem Benzenine (ed.). - Oran : Crasc, 2012

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the empowerment of women in Africa / Josephine Dibie & Robert Dibie
In: African and Asian Studies: (2012), vol. 11, no. 1/2, p. 95-122 : fig. , tab.

Revisiting impediments to women's land decision-making processes in Uganda / Godard Busingye
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2012), vol. 18, no. 2, p. 454-481.

Sénégal : les femmes rurales à l'épreuve d'une citoyenneté foncière/ Fatou Diop Sall & Ramata Thioune. - Mankon : Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2012

Subordination and exploitation of girls and women in Uganda: who is absconding their responsibility? / Deborah Kasente, Winifred Busingye & Edward Mugarura
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2012), vol. 18, no. 1, p. 116-135.

Time for harvest : women and constitution making in Kenya/ Wanjiku Mukabi Kabira. - Nairobi : University of Nairobi Press, 2012

Trajectoires et revendications féminines dans le règlement des différends conjugaux de deux études de cas en milieu mossi (Burkina Faso) / Béatrice Bertho
In: Autrepart: (2012), no. 61, p. 99-115.

Unequal catch : gender and fisheries on the Lake Victoria landing sites in Tanzania/ Adalbertus Kamanzi. - Leiden : African Studies Centre, 2012. - (African studies collection, ISSN 1876-0198 ; 42)

Women's rights and family law reform in francophone Africa/ Susanna D. Wing
In: Governing Africa's changing societies : dynamics of reform / Ellen M.Lust & Stephen N.Ndegwa (ed.).- Boulder, CO : Lynne Rienner Publishers: (2012), p.145-176 : tab.

As mulheres em Cabo Verde : experiências e perspectivas/ Carmelita Silva & Celeste Fortes. - Praia, Santiago, Cabo Verde : Edições Uni-CV, 2011. - (Colecção Sociedade ; vol. 4)

Evaluating the status of the "women as property theory" since the independence of Cameroon / Joseph Ebi Nzalie
In: Recht in Afrika: (2011), Jg. 14, H. 2, S. 183-200.

Family law reform in Mali: contentious debates and elusive outcomes/ Benjamin F. Soares
In: Gender and Islam in Africa : rights, sexuality, and law / Margot Badran.- Stanford, CA [etc.] : Stanford University Press [etc.]: (2011), p.263-290.

Gender mainstreaming guidelines (working towards gender equality through gender-responsive national policy and planning) / Kenya. Office of the Prime Minister;Kenya. Ministry of State for Planning, National Development, and Vision 2030. - Nairobi : Office of the Prime Minister [etc.], 2011

Human rights, African values and traditions : an inter-diciplinary approach / P. I. Iribemwangi, Margaret W. Muthee, & J. B. Ndohvu (ed.) / Haki-Afrika;Institut for menneskerettigheder, Denmark. - Nairobi : Focus Publishers, 2011. - (Haki book series ; no. 1)

In the multiple systems of justice in Uganda : whither justice for women?/ Vahida Nainar / Uganda Association of Women Lawyers. - Kampala : FIDA-Uganda, 2011

Institutions and gender inequality : a case study of the Constituency Development Fund in Kenya/ Tabitha W. K. Nganga. - Addis Adaba : Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA), 2011

Investigating the factors contributing to the disempowerment of women in Swaziland : perceptions of Swazi women and non-governmental organisations operating in Swaziland / Tholoana Mofolo
In: Africa Insight: (2011/12), vol. 41, no. 2, p. 110-129.

Issues in African family law : Nigeria in perspective / O. A. Fatula, O. S. Oyelade & A. A. Adedeji
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2011), vol. 17, no. 2, p. 320-342.

Le développement d'une mobilisation juridique dans le combat pour la cause des femmes: l'exemple de l'Association des juristes sénégalaises (AJS) / Marième N'Diaye
In: Politique africaine: (2011), no. 124, p. 155-177.

Le législateur, le mariage, les droits de la femme et de la famille au Cameroun/ Elysée Jérémie Az. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 2011

Legal voice / Sylvie Tamale & Jane Bennett (ed.). - Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2011. - (Feminist Africa, ISSN 1726-4596 ; no. 15)

Les droits de la femme et de l'enfant : réflexions africaines = Women and children's rights : African views / Stéphanie Lagoutte & Nina Sabeberg (ed.). - Paris : Karthala, 2011

Measuring the gender asset gap in Ghana/ Abena D. Oduro, William Baah-Boateng & Louis Boakye-Yiadom. - Accra : Woeli Publishing Services, publ. for the Department of Economics, University of Ghana, 2011

Politicization of land law and gender relations in Uganda : a case study / Godard Busingye
In: East African Journal of Peace & Human Rights: (2011), vol. 17, no. 1, p. 227-249.

Potential and limitations of affirmative action as a component of gender mainstreaming : lessons from Uganda's education and governance sectors/ Deborah Kasente. - Kampala : Fountain Publishers, 2011

Promoting women's economic empowerment through gender responsive trade agreements : experiences from Egypt, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Zambia / Roselynn Musa & Caroline Bunga Idembe (ed.). - Nairobi : The African's Women's Development and Communication Network, 2011

Rapid gender assessment report / Ministry of Planning, National Development and Vision 2030, Nairobi. - Nairobi : Ministry of Planning, National Development and Vision 2030, 2011

Tradição e identidade de género em Angola : ser mulher no mundo rural / Eugénio Alves da Silva
In: Revista angolana de sociologia: (2011), no. 8, p. 21-34.

Web resources

Africa Past & Present
Africa Past and Present is a podcast about history, culture, and politics in Africa and the diaspora. Episodes show highlights about interesting and significant people, ideas, and discussions in African Studies from a wide range of disciplines and perspectives. A search for “women” gives interesting results, for example on reproductive rights in South Africa and African women in politics.

Africabib - African Women Database
This database, containing more than 43,100 records, indexes current and past conference papers from a number of conferences and indexes. The database is the outgrowth of a three-volume work published in 1989 by Greenwood Press that indexed materials on African women published during the International Women's Decade, 1976–1985. From June 2008, the African Studies Centre Leiden (ASCL), Leiden, the Netherlands hosts the database. Many of the publications have an online link to the full text, and/or include an abstract.

African Development Bank, Gender Sector
On the pages of the African Development Bank Gender Sector you can find more information on the Gender Equality Index, including a spreadsheet to input your own data, key documents including country gender profiles and other knowledge products.

African Union
On the site of the African Union, you can find a section on the 26th AU Summit, 2016: African Year of Human Rights, with particular focus on the Rights of Women. There is also a special section on Women, Gender and Development.

African Women’s Development Fund (AWDF)
The African Women’s Development Fund (AWDF) is a grant-making foundation that supports local, national and regional women’s organizations, working towards the empowerment of African women and the promotion and realization of their rights. AfriRep, the African Women’s Development Fund (AWDF) repository, provides access to publications that relate to issues concerning women.

Feminist Africa 
Feminist Africa is a journal published by the African Gender Institute at the University of Cape Town and its Strengthening Gender & Women’s Studies for Africa’s Transformation (GWS Africa) Project. It provides a platform for intellectual and activist research, dialogue and strategy. All (annual) journal issues are freely accessible online.

FEMNET (The African Women’s Development and Communication Network) is a feminist, pan-African organization with over 500 individual and institutional members in 43 countries in Africa and in the Diaspora working to amplify African women’s voices and advance women’s rights. They have a resources section that holds publications on a wide range of issues related to gender equality and women’s empowerment.

INCLUDE dossier “Women and inclusive Development”
INCLUDE, knowledge platform on inclusive development policies, has recently launched the new dossier ‘Women and inclusive development’, on what works best for women in enterprise promotion and social protection in Africa. The dossier is built around two key papers with thematic resource lists written by the Gender Resource Facility (GRF): ‘Making Social Protection Gender Sensitive for Inclusive Development in Sub-Saharan Africa’ by Julie Newton and ‘Gender-Aware Women’s Entrepreneurship Development for Inclusive Development in Sub-Saharan Africa’ by Saskia Vossenberg. In addition, the dossier will include links to articles, reports, events and research groups on women and inclusive development.

International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics (iKnow politics)
The International Knowledge Network of Women in Politics is an interactive network of women in politics who share experiences, resources, advice and collaborate on issues of interest. Their pages include resource sections for Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa & the Middle East.

UN Women
On the UN Women website you can find information on Women and the Sustainable Development Goals, including a position paper on the subject. You will also find a list of the African UN women’s regional and country offices, and a digital library with a section on publications in Africa.

World Bank Gender Data Portal & Gender in Africa topic
The Gender Data Portal is the World Bank Group’s source for sex-disaggregated data and gender statistics covering demography, education, health, access to economic opportunities, public life and decision-making, and agency.