African feminism

Re publica 19 - Day 2 (32852693297)On the occasion of the 2021 Stephen Ellis Annual Research Lecture on 9 December, the ASCL Library has created this web dossier on African feminism. This year’s lecture, entitled African Feminism as Method, will be given by Dr Nanjala Nyabola, independent writer and researcher based in Nairobi, Kenya.

The web dossier starts with an introduction by ASCL PhD candidate Loes Oudenhuijsen. It consists of titles from the ASCL Library Catalogue, complemented by sources available through the broader Leiden University Library collection. Titles link to the corresponding record in the online catalogue, providing  abstracts and full text links, where available. The web dossier concludes with a selection of links to relevant websites.

To receive updates on scientific publications on African feminism, subscribe to the ASCL Library alert service and indicate "feminism" under free search terms.

Introduction | Books by Nanjala NyabolaFeminism and gender studies | Feminism and activism | Feminism and sexuality | Feminism in history | Feminism, arts, literature and film | Selected (auto-) biographical works, essays, and speeches | Selected novels, poetry, drama and films | Web resources


African feminisms

The Miss Senegal affair, involving a woman elected Miss Senegal in 2020, who  spoke up about being raped during a trip run by the competition’s organising committee, after which she got pregnant, has led to upheaval and apologies in Senegal and discussions about rape culture. The case continues to be debated in the media as, globally, 16 days of campaigning to raise awareness about violence against women takes off. This is the 30th edition of the campaign, which is being held between 25 November (International day against violence against women) and 10 December (International human rights day). This year’s focus is on femicide, or the murder of women because they are women. The campaign finds resonance everywhere in Africa, as elsewhere in the world, as rape and femicide remain prevalent. The visibility of such activism, and the responses the Miss Senegal has received, attest to the renewed attention for feminism in Africa. The past couple of years have seen various (new) forms of feminist organising emerge on the African continent. South African students have demonstrated on campuses to protest gender-based violence, and to denounce structures of economic oppression (#Feesmustfall) and the coloniality of their institutions (#Rhodesmustfall). Sudanese women have been central to protests demanding a more equitable society. In Senegal, social media has exploded with hashtags calling out sexism and gender-based violence, such as #nopiwuma (Wolof: I am not silent) and #Dafadoy (Wolof: it’s enough). The development of African feminisms over the past decades has been well described by Rama Salla Dieng in her Africa is a Country blog series, as well as in her recent book Féminismes africains. In both publications, which I draw extensively on here, she engages in conversation with numerous feminists from the continent.

African feminist thought can be traced back to the women’s movements that emerged in the context of transnational emancipatory discourses of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Following the independence of nation states in Africa in the second half of the twentieth century, women who had joined anti-colonial movements – and had protested colonial rule, such as the women in the Aba women’s riots in 1929, or Kikuyu women in the Thuku revolt – realised they had to further pursue freedom struggles in the newly independent but still firmly patriarchal nation states. It is in this context that women formed independent feminist movements.

A crucial moment in the development of feminisms from the South was a conference organised at Wellesley College in the United States in 1975. At this event, feminists from Africa, Asia, and Latin America expressed their discontent with some of the intellectual positions and social attitudes held by some feminists from the Global North. Their critique focused on the premise of the universality of women’s suffering. It was at this conference that African feminists like Molara Ogundipe-Leslie, Bolanle Awe, Marie-Angelique Savané, and Nawal El Sadaawi, among others, decided to create the Association of African Women for Research and Development (AAWORD).

The fact that we speak today about feminisms in the plural, attests to the ideological divides that exist among feminists. Feminism may broadly be defined as “a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation, and oppression.” This definition is open-ended, and thus multiple (contesting, competing) feminisms can emerge. African feminisms, like other feminisms, are about challenging patriarchy. However, it draws attention to the specificities of patriarchy as it unfolds on the African continent. The African Women’s Development Fund says the following about African feminisms: “Our current struggles as African feminists are inextricably linked to our past as a continent, diverse pre-colonial contexts, slavery, colonization, liberation struggles, neo-colonialism, globalization, etc.” A good example of such a struggle against the political violence of current regimes, is the radical activism of Stella Nyanzi, a Ugandan medical anthropologist, feminist activist, and poet, who was imprisoned in 2017 after insulting Uganda’s President Museveni.

Despite the multiple feminisms that exist on the continent, African feminists have nevertheless attempted to converge and consolidate feminist principles, while acknowledging the diversity in their concerns and challenges. The first African Feminist Forum in Accra in 2006 saw the development of a Charter of African Feminist Principles, signed by over a hundred of the forum’s participants. The document outlines the cornerstones of African feminisms and some shared visions. A crucial theme is sexual and reproductive rights, a focus that is well-reflected in the current wave of feminist activism on the continent that, drawing heavily on the potential of social media, brings gender-based violence, such as rape and femicide, to our attention.

Since 2000, three principal new strands of African feminism can be distinguished: liberal feminism – that has successfully mainstreamed feminist discussions about gender roles, gender gaps in politics and the economy, as well as sexual rights. It has, however, not been able to sufficiently critique the consequences of neoliberalism. Secondly, millennial or fourth-wave African feminism has reinvigorated African feminism through the organisation of marches and demonstrations, coupled with high activity on social media. It has been criticised for not being grounded enough in African feminist theory, but it has been very influential in calling out sexual violence against women, as the current ‘16 days’ campaign shows. Thirdly, afropolitan or afro-futurist feminism connects women on the African continent to African women in the diaspora in a transnational and future-oriented approach to feminist liberation.

In addition to these forms of feminist organising, recent decades have also seen the proliferation of feminist scholarship from the continent, by scholars including Amina Mama, Ayesha Imam, and Fatou Sow, who have written on gender studies and social sciences in Africa; Sylvia Tamale with a volume on African sexualities; and Sokari Ekine and Hakima Habbas who have written a queer African reader.

The theme of this year’s ASCL Stephen Ellis lecture is African feminism as method. It asks us to look beyond mainstream academic publishing, and to seek out what has been published in other cultural productions such as literature. African, Asian, and Latin-American women’s voices have been marginalised, but if we look at what has been produced ‘beyond the canon’ in recent decades, we can come to an understanding of where and how feminisms in Africa have always been alive. Authors like Calixthe Beyala, Ken Bugul, Aminata Sow Fall, Véronique Tadjo, Chimamanda Adichie, Buchi Emecheta, and Mariama Bâ have done very important feminist work through their novels.

The resources in this web dossier include examples of such literature, in addition to anthropological and historical work on gender, contemporary work on sexualities, feminist organising, and some links to exciting feminist platforms that African feminists have established in the digital sphere.

Loes Oudenhuijsen


Books by Nanjala Nyabola

Travelling while black : essays inspired by a life on the move / Nanjala Nyabola.
London : Hurst & Company, 2020.

Where women are : gender and the 2017 Kenyan elections / Nanjala Nyabola & Marie-Emmanuelle Pommerolle (eds.)
Nairobi, Kenya : Twaweza Communications Limited, 2018.

Digital democracy, analogue politics : how the Internet era is transforming politics in Kenya / Nanjala Nyabola.
London : Zed Books in association with International African Institute Royal African Society World Peace Foundation, 2018. 

Feminism and gender studies

Féminismes africains : une histoire décoloniale : recueil d'entretiens / Rama Salla Dieng.
Paris : Présence africaine, [2021]

Decolonization and Afro-Feminism / Sylvia Tamale.Cover Decolonization and Afro-feminism
Ottawa : Daraja Press, 2020.

Phallocentrism versus feminism : a (re)-conceptualisation of Afrocentrism in African subjectivity / Christopher Babatunde Ogunyemi.
In: Africa insight, (2019), vol. 49, no. 1, p. 112-121.

Un féminisme décolonial / Françoise Vergès.
Paris : La Fabrique éditions, 2019.

Femmes d'Afrique et émancipation : entre normes sociales contraignantes et nouveaux possibles / Muriel Gomez-Perez.
Paris : Karthala, 2018. - Hommes et sociétés.

Larger than life? : decolonising human security studies through feminist poshumanism / Heidi Hudson.
In: Strategic Review of Southern Africa, (2018.), volume 40 (2018), no. 1, pages 46-64. (free access)

Genre et fondamentalismes / Fatou Sow (editor).
Dakar, Sénégal : CODESRIA, Conseil pour le Développement de la Recherche en Sciences Sociale en Afrique , 2018. - Gender and fundamentalisms.

African feminist hermeneutics : an evangelical reflection / Rachel Nyagondwe.
Luwinga : Mzuni Press, 2016.

African women's struggles in a gender perspective / Emmanuelle Bouilly.
Abingdon : Routledge, 2016. (Restricted access)

TIC, colonialité, patriarcat : société mondialisée, occidentalisée, excessive, accélérée... quels impacts sur la pensée féministe? : pistes africaines / Joëlle Palmieri.
Mankon : Langaa Research Publishing CIG, 2016.

Being and becoming : gender, culture and shifting identity in Sub-Saharan Africa / Chinyere Ukpokolo.
Denver, CO : Spears Media Press , 2016.

Croyantes et féministes : un autre regard sur les religions / Asma Lamrabet.
Casablanca : Editions la Croisée des Chemins, 2016.

Feminism and pan-Africanism / Amina Mama.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2015. (Free access)

"Féminismes noirs : ""les murs renversés deviennent des ponts"" /" Françoise Vergès.
Donnemarie-Dontilly : Éd. iXe, 2015.

Transatlantic feminisms : women and gender studies in Africa and the diaspora / Cheryl Rene Rodriguez.
Lanham [etc.] : Lexington Books, 2015.

Feminist solidarity : how women are shaping the way we think about sex and politics in Uganda / Prince Karakire Guma.
In: Africa review : journal of African Studies Association of India (2015), vol. 7, no. 1, p. 15-27. (Restricted access)

Feminism and pan-Africanism / Amina Mama.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2014. (Free access)

Special issue : who's afraid of feminism? : South African democracy at 20 / Amanda Gouws.
Durban : Agenda Feminist Media, 2014. (Restricted access)

E-spaces : e-politics / Jennifer Radloff.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2013.

Perspectives on feminism from Africa / 'Lai Olurode.
Durham, NC : Carolina Academic Press (CAP), 2013.

Globalization, gender bias, and trafficking in young women : a feminist interpretation / Franca Attoh.
In: Perspectives on feminism from Africa (2013), p. 65-78 : tab

Feminisms, HIV and AIDS : subverting power, reducing vulnerability / Vicci Tallis.
Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

African initiatives for women empowerment / Shubhra Parmar.
In: Indian journal of African studies (2012), vol. 18, no. 1/2, p. 163-180.

Beyond tradition : African women in cultural and political spaces / Toyin Falola.
Trenton, NJ [etc.] : Africa World Press (AWP), 2011.

Legal voice / Sylvie Tamale.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2011.

Feminism in the African media : possibilities for diversification of gender representation / Lyn Ossome.
In: CODESRIA bulletin (2011), no. 3/4, p. 22-26.

Western gender paradigm : historicizing the appropriation of African women / Yohanna Kagoro Gandu.
In: Ibadan journal of the social sciences (2011), vol. 9, no. 2, p. 63-82.

Feminisms today / Deevia Bhana.
Durban : Agenda Feminist Media, 2010.

Rethinking gender and violence / Jane Bennett.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2010.

African feminist politics of knowledge : tensions, challenges, possibilities / Akosua Adomako.
Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2009.

Women and power in Africa in the twentieth and twenty first centuries / Eno Blankson Ikpe.
Lagos : The Gender Studies Group of the Department of History and Strategic Studies, University of Lagos, 2009.

La recherche féministe francophone : langue, identités et enjeux / Fatou Sow and Colloque international de la recherche féministe francophone.
Paris : Karthala , 2009.

African feminisms / Sanya Osha.
[Leiden : African Studies Centre], 2008.

Researching for life : paradigms and power / Jane Bennett.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute, 2008.

Researching African women and gender studies: new social science perspectives / Akosua Adomako.
In: African and Asian studies (2008), vol. 7, no. 4, p. 327-341.

Feminism and the radical imagination / Desiree Lewis.
In: Agenda : empowering women for gender equity (2007), no. 72, p. 18-31 : foto's.

African gender studies : a reader / Oyèrónké Oyěwùmí.
New York, N.Y. [etc.] : Palgrave Macmillan , 2005.

Readings in gender in Africa / Andrea Cornwall.
Oxford : Currey Bloomington, IN : Indiana University Press , 2005.

African gender scholarship : concepts, methodologies and paradigms / Signe Arnfred.
Dakar : Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2004.

Effective implementation of women's rights in West Africa : what responsibilities for judicial and extra judicial stakeholders? : case study: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo / Kafui Adjamagbo-Johnson.
Lome : WiLDAF/FeDDAF [etc.] , 2004.

Sexe, genre et société : engendrer les sciences sociales africaines / Ayesha Mei-Tje Imam, et al.
Paris [etc.] , Karthala [et al.] , 2004.

African women and feminism : reflecting on the politics of sisterhood / Oyèrónké Oyěwùmí.
Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press, 2003.

Between knowing and imagining : what space for feminism in scholarship on Africa? / Charmaine Pereira.
In: Feminist Africa , (2002), no. 1, p. 9-33.

Democratization and State feminism : gender politics in Africa and Latin America / Philomina E. Okeke.
In: Development and change (2002), vol. 33, no. 3, p. 439-466

Transcending incongruities: rethinking feminisms and the dynamics of identity in Africa / Mary E. Modupe Kolawole.
In: Agenda : empowering women for gender equity (2002), no. 54, p. 92-98.

'Ufanele uqavile': Blackwomen, feminisms and postcoloniality in Africa / Pumla Dineo Gqola.
In: Agenda : empowering women for gender equity (2001), no. 50, p. 11-22.

Theorizing gender and feminisms in contemporary African studies / Marc Epprecht.
In: SAFERE : Southern African feminist review (2000/01), vol. 4/5, no. 2/1, p. 23-41.

Feminism and the state in Nigeria : the national machinery for women / Amina Mama.
Accra : Third World Network-Africa , 2000.

Women in academia : gender and academic freedom in Africa / Ebrima Sall.
Dakar : CODESRIA , 2000.

Africa, gender, globalization and resistance / Yassine Fall.
Dakar : AAWORD, 1999.

Sisterhood, feminisms and power : from Africa to the diaspora / Obioma Nnaemeka.
Trenton, N.J. [etc.] : Africa World Press, 1998.

African feminism : mythical and social power of women of African descent / Diedro L. Badejo.
In: Research in African literatures : official journal of the African Literature Committee of the African Studies Association of America and the African Literatures Seminar of the Modern Language Association (1998), vol. 29, no. 2, p. 94-111

African feminism : the politics of survival in sub-Saharan Africa / Gwendolyn Mikell.
Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.

Après Pékin, quelle coopération internationale en Afrique? / Codou Bop.
In: Politique africaine (1997), no. 65, p. 48-61.

Engendering African social sciences / Ayesha Mei-Tje Imam, et al...
Dakar , CODESRIA , 1997.

Feminist genealogies, colonial legacies, democratic futures / M. Jacqui Alexander and Chandra Talpade Mohanty.
New York, N.Y., [etc.] : Routledge 1997.

The invention of women : making an African sense of Western gender discourses / Oyèrónkẹ́ Oyěwùmí.
Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press , 1997.

Re-inventing Africa : matriarchy, religion and culture / Ifi Amadiume.
London [etc.] : Zed Books , 1997.

Women's studies and studies of women in Africa during the 1990s / Amina Mama.
Dakar : Codesria , 1996.

Beyond the masks : race, gender and subjectivity / Amina Mama.
London [etc.] : Routledge , 1995.

Feminism or femocracy? : State feminism and democratisation in Nigeria / Amina Mama.
In: Africa development : a quarterly journal of the Council for the Development of Economic and Social Research in Africa : revue trimestrielle du Conseil pour le développement de la recherche économique et sociale en Afrique , (1995), vol. 20, no. 1, , p. 37-58

Women, family, state, and economy in Africa / Bolanle Awe.
Chicago : University of Chicago Press , 1991.

Gender analysis and African social sciences in the 1990s / Ayesha Mei-Tje Imam.
In: Africa development : a quarterly journal of the Council for the Development of Economic and Social Research in Africa : revue trimestrielle du Conseil pour le développement de la recherche économique et sociale en Afrique , (1990), vol. 15, no. 3/4, , p. 241-257

Male daughters, female husbands : gender and sex in an African society / Ifi Amadiume.
London [etc.] : Zed Books , 1987.

Speak out, black sisters : feminism and oppression in Black Africa / Awa Thiam.
London [etc.] : Pluto Press, 1986.

The hidden face of Eve : women in the Arab world / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London : Zed Press , 1980.

The myth of the inferiority of the African Woman / Thelma Awori.
In: La civilisation de la femme dans la tradition africaine; colloque d'Abidjan (1972).


Feminism and activism

Gender, protests and political change in Africa / Awino Okech, editor.
Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, [2021]

Feminist parenting : perspectives from Africa and beyond / edited by Rama Salla Dieng and Andrea O'Reilly.
Bradford, Ontario : Demeter Press, [2020]

Naked agency : genital cursing and biopolitics in Africa / Naminata Diabate. Cover Women's activism in Africa
Durham : Duke University Press 2020.

Feminists organising : strategy, voice, power / Charmaine Pereira.
Cape Town : University of Cape Town, African Gender Institute, 2017. - Feminist Africa. (Free access)

Women's activism in Africa : struggles for rights and representation / Balghis Badri.
London : Zed Books, 2017.

Women’s movements in post-"Arab Spring" North Africa / Fatima Sadiqi.
Rabat : Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.  (Free access)

Organized and gendered media advocacy at the centre of the feminist movement in a patriarchal Tanzania / Rasel Mpuya Madaha.
In: Africa review : journal of African Studies Association of India (2014), vol. 6, no. 1, p. 18-29. (Restricted access)

SheMurenga : the Zimbabwean women's movement 1995-2000 / Shereen Essof.
Harare : Weaver Press, 2013.

Time for harvest : women and constitution making in Kenya / Wanjiku Mũkabi Kabira.
Nairobi : University of Nairobi Press, 2012.

My dream is to be bold : our work to end patriarchy / Feminist Alternatives.
Oxford [etc.]: Pambazuka, 2011.

Challenging the lion in its den: dilemmas of gender and media activism in South Africa / Margaretha Geertsema.
In: Ecquid novi : Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir navorsing in die joernalistiek (2010), vol. 31, no. 1, p. 68-88.

Rooting transformative feminist struggles in Tanzania at grassroots / Demere Kitunga.
In: Review of African political economy , (2009)vol. 36, no. 121, , p. 433-441.

GROOTS Kenya / Awino Okech.
Toronto, Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID), 2008. (Free access)

Militarism, conflict and women's activism / Amina Mama and Margo Okazawa-Rey.
Rondebosch , African Gender Institute , 2008.

Separating the baby from the bath water : women's rights and the politics of constitution-making in Kenya / Patricia G. Kameri-Mbote.
In: East African journal of peace and human rights (2008), vol. 14, no. 1, p. 1-43

African women in revolution / Wunyabari O. Maloba.
Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press, 2007.

Breathing life into the African Union protocol on women's rights in Africa / Roselynn Musa, et al...
[Nairobi, etc.] : Solidarity for African Women's Rights [etc.] , 2006.

The African Women's Development and Communication Network (FEMNET) : experiences of feminist continental organising / L. Muthoni Wanyeki.
In: Feminist Africa , (2005), no. 4, p. 105-115

Regional networking as transnational feminism : African experiences / Aili Mari Tripp.
In: Feminist Africa (2005), no. 4, p. 46-63 : fig.

The women's movement in Africa : creative initiatives and lessons learnt / Rose Nakayi.
In: East African journal of peace and human rights (2005), vol. 11, no. 2, p. 265-300.

Gender activism and studies in Africa / Signe Arnfred.
Dakar : Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2004.

Enhancing women's rights in Kenya : 7th annual conference, Whitesands Hotel, Mombasa, August 19-23, 2003 : conference report / Section International Commission of Jurists Kenya.
Nairobi : Kenyan Section of the International Commission of Jurists , 2003. - Annual conference Kenya Section of the International Commission of Jurists : 7 (Mombasa).

The pitfalls of gender activism in Africa / Lee M. Habasonda.
In: Agenda : empowering women for gender equity (2002), no. 54, p. 99-105.

Daughters of the Goddess, daughters of imperialism : African women struggle for culture, power and democracy / Ifi Amadiume.
London [etc.] : Zed, 2000.

National machinery for women in Africa : towards an analysis / Amina Mama.
Accra : Third World Network-Africa , 2000.

Women & activism : Women Writers Conference, Harare, 29-30 July 1999 / Trust Zimbabwe International Book Fair.
Harare , Zimbabwe International Book Fair Trust [etc.] , 2000. - Women and activism

Dissenting daughters? : gender politics and civil society in a militarized State / Amina Mama.
In: CODESRIA bulletin , (1999) no. no. 3/4, , p. p. 29-36.

When hens begin to crow : gender and parliamentary politics in Uganda / Sylvia Tamale.
: Boulder, Col. : Westview Press , 1999.

Our mothers' footsteps : stories of women in the struggle for freedom / Wanjiku Mũkabi Kabira.
Nairobi : Collaborative Centre for Gender and Development, 1997.

Contextualisation and coalition-building : the transformation from women's and gender studies into a social movement / Marjorie Mbilinyi.
[S.l.] : Tanzania Gender Networking Programme, 1997.

Taking the African women's movement into the 21st century / Bisi Adeleye-Fayemi and Algresia Akwi-Ogojo.
: London : Akina Mama wa Afrika , 1997.

Beyond Beijing : strategies and visions towards women's equality / Pat Made.
Harare : SADC Press , 1996.

Perceiving women as catalysts / Felix K Ekechi.
In: Africa Today (1996), vol. 43, no. 3, p. 235-249.

Urban women's movements and political liberalization in East Africa / Aili Mari Tripp.
In: Courtyards, markets, city streets : urban women in Africa / ed. by Kathleen Sheldon. - Boulder, Col. [etc.] : Westview Press (1996), p. 285-308.

Gender, political systems and social movements: a West African experience / Ifi Amadiume.
Dakar : CODESRIA, 1995. - African studies in social movements and democracy / ed. by Mahmood Mamdani and Ernest Wamba-dia-Wamba.

The road to empowerment / Wanjiku Mũkabi Kabira.
Nairobi : African Women's Development and Communication Network (FEMNET), 1994.

Les initiatives féminines au Sénégal : une réponse à la crise? / Fatou Sow.
[S.l. : s.n.] , 1991.

From lelemama to lobbying : women's associations in Mombasa, Kenya / Margaret Strobel.
In: Women in Africa, studies in social and economic change / ed. by N.J. Hafkin and E.G. Bay (1976).

Equal rights for women in Kenya? / Audrey Wipper.
In: The journal of modern African studies : a quarterly survey of politics, economics and related topics in contemporary Africa (1971), vol. 9, no. 3, p. 429-442.

The women's equal rights movement in Kenya / Audrey Wipper.
New York : ASA, 1970. 


Feminism and sexuality

Knowing women : same-sex intimacy, gender, and identity in postcolonial Ghana / Serena Owusua Dankwa.Cover Knowing women
Cambridge, United Kingdom ;New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2021.

Readings in sexualities from Africa / Rachel Spronk and Thomas Hendriks (eds.).
Bloomington, Indiana : Indiana University Press , 2020.

Routledge handbook of queer African studies / S. N. Nyeck.
Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2020.

Postcolonial Hauntologies African Women's Discourses of the Female Body / Ayo A. Coly.
Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press 2019.

Research on gender and sexualities in Africa / Jane Bennett and Sylvia Tamale (eds.).
Dakar , Codesria, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa , 2017.

Nigeria Can Do without Such Perverts: Sexual Anxiety and Political Crisis in Postcolonial Nigeria / Steven Pierce.
In: Comparative studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East (2016), vol. 36, no. 1, p. 3-20.

Special issue : ‘non-normative’ sexual and gender diversities in Africa / Zethu Matebeni and Thabo Msibi.
Durban , Agenda Feminist Media , 2015. - Non-normative’ sexual and gender diversities in Africa.

Homosexuality in Uganda : the paradox of foreign influence / Stella Nyanzi.
Kampala, Uganda : Makerere Institute of Social Research, Makerere University, 2013.

Queer African reader / Hakima Abbas and Sokari Ekine.
Dakar [etc.], Pambazuka Press, an imprint of Fahamu , 2013.

Ambiguous pleasures : sexuality and middle class self-perceptions in Nairobi / Rachel Spronk.
New York, NY [etc.] : Berghahn Books 2012.

Women's sexuality and pornography / Pumla Dineo Gqola.
Durban : Agenda Feminist Media , 2012.

African sexualities : a reader / Sylvia Tamale.
Oxford [etc.] : Pambazuka Press , 2011.

This body! : supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) organising in East Africa : conference report / Jane Kiragu.
Nairobi : Urgent Action Fund-Africa, 2007.

Converging constructions: a historical perspective on sexuality and feminism in post-colonial Africa / Nkolika Ijeoma Aniekwu.
In: African sociological review (2006), vol. 10, no. 1, p. 143-160.

Subaltern sexualities / Elaine Salo, et al.
Rondebosch : African Gender Institute , 2006.

Body, sexuality, and gender / Flora Veit-Wild, et al.
Amsterdam [etc.] : Rodopi , 2005.

Fishing in troubled waters: 'disquettes' and 'thiofs' in Dakar / Francis Beng Nyamnjoh.
In: Africa : journal of the International African Institute (2005), vol. 75, no. 3, p. 295-324.

Patriarchy : political power, sexuality, and globalization / Patricia McFadden.
Port Louis, Mauritius : Ledikasyon pu travayer, 2001. 


Feminism in history

The Pan-African pantheon : prophets, poets, and philosophers / Adekeye Adebajo (editor). Cover The women's war of 1929
Manchester , Manchester University Press. , 2021.

TURBULENTES! : des Africaines en avance sur leur temps... témoignages / Géraldine Faladé.
Paris : Présence Africaine, 2020.

Women Nationalists in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Ghana and Zimbabwe: Case Studies of Charwe Nehanda Nyakasikana and Yaa Asentewaa / Abdul Kuba.
In: Journal of international women's studies (2018), vol. 19, no. 2, p. 159.

Calabar on the Cross River : historical and cultural studies / David Imbua.
Trenton, New Jersey : Africa World Press, [2017].

Nigerian women pioneers and icons / Bolanle Awe.
Ibadan, Nigeria : Childsplay Books Limited , 2016.

African women's movements in the twentieth century : a hidden history / Iris Berger.
In: African studies review (2014), vol. 57, no. 3, p. 1-19. (Restricted access)

The women's war of 1929 : gender and violence in colonial Nigeria / Marc Matera.
Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

The Women's War of 1929 : a history of anti-colonial resistance in eastern Nigeria / Toyin Falola.
Durham, NC : Carolina Academic Press, cop. 2011.

Feminist aesthetics in African theatre of the colonial period / Esiaba Irobi.
In: African performance review : journal of the African Theatre Association (2007), vol. 1, no. 2/3, p. 56-74.

Nzinga, the warrior queen / Elizabeth C. Orchardson-Mazrui.
Nairobi : The Jomo Kenyatta Foundation , 2006.

Women's liberation and the African freedom struggle / Thomas Sankara.
Toronto : Pathfinder Press, 2005.

Gender, power and protest in African farming : recalcitrant women and usurping men in colonial Kenya, 1930-1950 / Clare Buswell.
In: The Australasian review of African studies (2003), vol. 25, no. 2, p. 23-35.

'La révolte des femmes' : economic upheaval and the gender of political authority in Lomé, Togo, 1931-33 / Benjamin Nicholas Lawrance.
In: African studies review : the journal of the African Studies Association , (2003), vol. 46, no. 1, p. 43-67.

"Wicked" women and the reconfiguration of gender in Africa / Dorothy L. Hodgson and Sheryl Ann MacCurdy.
Portsmouth, NH : Heinemann; Oxford : James Currey ; Cape Town : Philip, 2001.

Wordy women: gender trouble and the oral politics of the East African Revival in northern Gikuyuland / Derek Peterson.
In: The journal of African history (2001) vol. 42, no. 3, p. 469-489.

Historical women in the fight for liberation / Felix K. Ekechi.
In: The feminization of development processes in Africa : current and future perspectives / ed. by Valentine Udoh James and James S. Etim. - Westport, Conn. [etc.] : Praeger, 1999.

Queen Amina of Zazzau / Wale Ogunyemi.
Ibadan : University Press , 1999.

Mau Mau's daughter : a life history of Wambui Waiyaki Otieno / Wambui Waiyaki Otieno.
Boulder, Col. [etc.] : Lynne Rienner Publishers , 1998.

The colonial idea of women and direct intervention: the Mau Mau case / Marina E. Santoru.
In: African affairs : the journal of the Royal African Society , (1996), vol. 95, no. 379, p. 253-267.

Taking the beast by its horns: formal resistance to women's oppression in Africa / Sylvia Tamale.
In: Africa development : a quarterly journal of the Council for the Development of Economic and Social Research in Africa : revue trimestrielle du Conseil pour le développement de la recherche économique et sociale en Afrique (1996), vol. 21, no. 4, p. 5-21.

Gender and economic power : the case of Igbo market women of eastern Nigeria / Felix K. Ekechi.
In: African market women and economic power : the role of women in African economic development / ed. by Bessie House-Midamba and Felix K. Ekechi. - Westport, Conn. [etc.] : Greenwood Press (1995), p. 41-57.

The symbolism of the Nigerian Women's War of 1929 : an anthropological study of an anti-colonial struggle / U.E. Umoren.
In: African study monographs (1995), vol. 16, no. 2, p. 61-72.

Ogu umunwanyi; de vrouwenoorlog Nigeria, 1929 / Carry de Vries.
[S.l. : s.n.], 1993.

We now demand! : the history of women's resistance to pass laws in South Africa / Julia Wells.
Johannesburg : Witwatersrand University Press , 1993.

The tax crisis of 1929 in Ibibioland / Koko Ete Ina.
In: Transafrican journal of history (1992), vol. 21, p. 171-181.

Women's disturbances : der Anlu-Aufstand bei den Kom (Kamerun) 1958-1960 / Verena Westermann.
Münster [etc.] : Lit , 1992.

We have done with pleading : the women's 1913 Anti-pass Campaign / Julia Wells.
Johannesburg : Ravan Press , 1991.

Zij allen hebben gevochten : een historisch antropologisch onderzoek naar de participatie van Kikuyu vrouwen uit het Nyeri District in Kenya aan de Mau Mau opstand 1952-1956 / Leonie Triesschijn.
[S.l. : s.n.] , 1991.

The comforts of home : prostitution in colonial Nairobi / Luise White.
Chicago [etc.] : University of Chicago Press 1990.

The use of women for the empowerment of men in African nationalist politics : the 1958 "anlu" in Cameroon / Emmanuel Kondé.
Boston, Mass. : African Studies Center, Boston University , 1990.

Frauen in Geschichte und Geschichtsschreibung Afrikas : zur historischen Aufarbeitung früher antikolonialer Bewegungen nigerianischer Frauen als Beitrag zur Frauenforschung / Ingeborg Grau.
In: Zeitschrift für Afrikastudien (1989), Nr. 4, p. 9-23.

Kikuyu women and the Harry Thuku disturbances: some uniformities of female militancy / Audrey Wipper.
In: Africa : journal of the International African Institute (1989), no. 4, p. 642-662.

Patriarchs, passes and privilege : Johannesburg's African middle classes and the question of night passes for African women, 1920-1931 / K. Eales.
1989. - Holding their ground : class, locality and culture in 19th and 20th century South Africa / ed. by Philip Bonner [et al.] - Johannesburg : Witwatersrand University Press ; Johannesburg : Ravan Press

The transformation of Kikuyu women and their nationalism / Cora Ann Presley.
Ann Arbor, Mich. , University Microfilms International , 1989.

The Mau Mau rebellion, Kikuyu women, and social change / Cora Ann Presley.
In: Canadian journal of African studies (1988), vol. 22, no. 3, p. 502-527.

Harem years : the memoirs of an Egyptian feminist (1879-1924) / Hudā Šaʿrāwī.
New York : The Feminist Press at the City University of New York , 1987.

The war of degradation : black women's struggle against Orange Free State pass laws, 1913 / Julia Wells.
In: Banditry, rebellion and social protest in Africa / ed. by Donald Crummey, 1986.

Why women rebel : a comparative study of South African women's resistance in Bloemfontein (1913) and Johannesburg (1958) / Julia Wells.
In: Journal of Southern African studies , (1983), vol. 10, no. 1, p. 55-70.

The role of women in the revolution in Guinea-Bissau / Stephanie Urdang.
In: The black woman cross-culturally / ed. by F.C. Steady (1981), p. 119-139.

Kikuyu women in the Mau Mau revolt / Kathy Santilly.
In: Ufahamu : journal of the African Activist Association (1977), vol. 8, no. 1, p. 143-159.

'Aba Riots' or Igbo 'Women's war'? : ideology, stratification and the invisibility of women / Judith Van Allen.
In: Women in Africa; studies in social and economic change / ed. by N.J. Hafkin and E.G. Bay (1976).

Oil rivers trader : memories of Iboland / Raymund Gore Clough.
London : C. Hurst, 1972.

The road to Aba : a study of British administrative policy in Eastern Nigeria / Harry A. Gailey.
London : University of London Press [etc.] , [1971].

The Aba Riot of 1929 and its relation to the system of 'indirect rule' / V.C. Onwuteka.
In: The Nigerian journal of economic and social studies (1965), vol. 7, no. 3, p. 273-282.

Revolution and reaction in Eastern Nigeria : 1900-1929 / A.E. Afigbo.
In: Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria (1964/67), vol. 3, no. 3, p. 539-557.

Anlu : a women's uprising in the British Cameroons / Robert E. Ritzenthaler.
In: African studies : a quarterly journal devoted to the study of African administration, cultures and languages (1960), vol. 19, no. 3, p. 151-156.

Petition from the women of Kom concerning the Cameroons under British administration / United Nations Trusteeship Council.
[S.l.] : Trusteeship Council, United Nations , 1950.

Petitions from Foin Ndi of Kom, the Fon of Bikon and from the women of Kom concerning the Cameroons under British administration : observations of the administering authority / United Nations Trusteeship Council.
[S.l.] : Trusteeship Council, United Nations , 1950. 


Feminism, arts, literature and film

Les enjeux de la modernité dans le roman africain au féminin : Werewere Liking, Angèle Rawiri et Ken Bugul / Jeanette Ariane Ngabeu.Cover And wrote my story anyway
Paris : L'Harmattan, 2021.

And wrote my story anyway : black South African women's novels as feminism / Barbara Boswell.
Johannesburg, South Africa : Wits University Press, 2020.

Genre, identités et émancipation de la femme dans le roman africain francophone / Koutchoukalo Tchassim.
Cotonou : Christon Éditions, 2018.

Vous avez dit féministe? : suivi de, (In)certitudes : nouvelle / Ndèye Fatou Kane.
Dakar : L'Harmattan Sénégal, 2018.

She called me woman : Nigeria's queer women speak / Mohammed Azeenarh (editor), et al..
Abuja London : Cassava Republic Press, 2018.

Privately empowered : expressing feminism in Islam in northern Nigerian fiction / Shirin Edwin.
Evanston, IL : Northwestern University Press, 2016.

Gaze regimes : film and feminisms in Africa / Jyoti Mistry.
Johannesburg : Wits University Press, 2015.

Le vécu de la femme dans les récits de Buchi Emecheta et de Flora Nwapa : endurance, résistance et lutte pour la survie / Fatou Diouf Kandji.
Paris : L'Harmattan, 2015.

Gender terrains in African cinema / Dominica Dipio.
Braamfontein : Unisa Press, 2014.

Feminism with a big 'F' : ethics and the rebirth of African feminism in Chika Unigwe's 'On Black Sisters' Street' / Chielozona Eze.
In: Research in African literatures : official journal of the African Literature Committee of the African Studies Association of America and the African Literatures Seminar of the Modern Language Association (2014), vol. 45, no. 4, p. 89-103.

Figures of pedagogy in Ama Ata Aidoo's 'Changes' and Buchi Emecheta's 'Double Yoke' / Angela M. Fubara.
In: Tydskrif vir letterkunde : 'n tydskrif vir Afrika-letterkunde (2014), jg. 51, nr. 1, p. 18-28.

Reading contemporary African literature : critical perspectives / Reuben Chirambo.
Amsterdam [etc.] : Rodopi, 2013.

African pasts, presents, and futures : generational shifts in African women's literature, film, and internet discourse / Touria Khannous.
Lanham [etc.] : Lexington Books , 2013.

African feminist engagements with film / Yaba Badoe, et al.
Rondebosch , African Gender Institute , 2012.

The nation writ small : African fictions and feminisms, 1958-1988 / Susan Andrade.
Durham, NC [etc.] : Duke University Press, 2011.

Feminism in West African novel / M. Farida Begum.
New Delhi : Prestige Books, 2010.

Gender and identity in North Africa : postcolonialism and feminism in Maghrebi women's literature / Abdelkader Cheref.
London [etc.] : Tauris Academic Studies, 2010.

Gender issues in African literature / Chin Ce.
Milton Keynes : Ligthning Source, 2010.

African women novelists : re-imaging gender / Mala Pandurang and Anke Bartels.
New Delhi : Pencraft International , 2010.

African women and representation : from performance to politics / Thérèse Migraine-George.
Trenton, NJ [etc.] : Africa World Press , 2008.

Banished from Oedipus?: Buchi Emecheta's and Assia Djebar's gendered language of resistance / Brenda Cooper.
In: Research in African literatures : official journal of the African Literature Committee of the African Studies Association of America and the African Literatures Seminar of the Modern Language Association (2007), vol. 38, no. 2, p. 143-160.

Gender and sexuality in African literature and film / Ada Uzoamaka Azodo and Maureen Ngozi Eke.
Trenton, NJ [etc.] , Africa World Press , 2006.

Zanele Muholi : only half the picture / Zanele Muholi.
Cape Town : Michael Stevenson, 2006. - Only half the picture

New women's writing in African literature : a review / Ernest N. Emenyonu, et al.
Oxford : James Currey ; Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press , 2004.

Aspects of feminism and gender in the novels of three West African women writers (Aidoo, Emecheta, Darko) / Edith Kohrs-Amissah.
Heidelberg : Books on African studies [etc.] , 2002.

The dynamics of African feminism : defining and classifying African-feminist literatures / Susan Arndt.
Trenton, NJ [etc.] : Africa World Press , 2002.

Writing across cultures : gender politics and difference in the fiction of Buchi Emecheta / Omar Sougou.
Amsterdam [etc.] , Rodopi , 2002.

African feminist fiction and indigenous values / Donald R. Wehrs.
Gainesville, Fla. [etc.] : University Press of Florida , 2001.

This is no place for a woman : Nadine Gordimer, Buchi Emecheta, Nayantara Saghal, and the politics of gender / Joya Uraizee.
Trenton, N.J. [etc.] : Africa World Press , 2000.

Het verzet van twee Igbo vrouwen : een nadere kijk op de maatschappelijke factoren die het werk van Flora Nwapa en Buchi Emecheta sturen / Hannelore Delcour.
[S.l. , s.n.] , 1999.

Gender in African women's writing : identity, sexuality and difference / Juliana Makuchi Nfah-Abbenyi.
Bloomington, Ind. : Indiana University Press , 1997.

Nwanyibu : womanbeing & African literature / Phanuel Akubueze Egejuru and Ketu H. Katrak.
Trenton, N.J. [etc.] , Africa World Press , 1997.

Womanism and African consciousness / Mary E. Modupe Kolawole.
Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press , 1997.

Writing African women : gender, popular culture and literature in West Africa / Stephanie Newell.
London [etc.] : Zed Books , 1997.

Feminism and black women's creative writing (theory practice and criticism) / Aduke Adebayo.
Ibadan : AMD Publishers, 1996.

Reading Buchi Emecheta : cross-cultural conversations / Katherine Fishburn.
Westport, Conn. [etc.] : Greenwood Press , 1995.

Motherlands : black women's writing from Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia / Susheila Nasta.
London : The Women's Press , 1991.

Voix et visages de femmes dans les livres écrits par des femmes en Afrique francophone / Madeleine Borgomano.
[Abidjan] : CEDA , 1989.

Women without men : the feminist novel in Africa / Katharina Elisabeth Frank.
In: African literature today : a journal of explanatory criticism (1987), no. 15, p. 14-34. 


Selected (auto-) biographical works, essays, and speeches

La poétique de la résistance dans l’autobiographie d’Aoua Kéita : genèse d’un activisme politique au féminin / Fatoumata Kéïta.Cover Miss behave
In: Revue malienne de langues et de littératures (2018.), no. 2, juin 2018, pages 75-87. (Free access)

Bene Madunagu at 70 : tributes to revolutionary commitment, struggle and service / Edwin Madunagu.
Calabar (Nigeria) : ITROPHY, 2017.

A companion to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie / Ernest Emenyo̲nu.
Woodbridge, Suffolk, (GB) : James Currey, an imprint of Boydell and Brewer Ltd, 2017.

Dear Ijeawele, or, A feminist manifesto in fifteen suggestions / Amanda N. Adichie.
New York [etc.] : Alfred A. Knopf, 2017.

Miss Behave / Malebo Sephodi.
Auckland Park, South Africa : Blackbird Books, 2017.

Reflecting rogue : inside the mind of a feminist / Pumla Dineo Gqola.
Aukland Park, South Africa : MF Books Joburg, 2017.

Emerging perspectives on Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo / Rose A. Sackeyfio and Blessing Diala-Ogamba (eds.).
Lanham : Lexington Books , 2017.

We moeten allemaal feminist zijn / Amanda N. Adichie.
Amsterdam : De Bezige Bij, 2016.

Beauty of the heart : the life and times of Charlotte Mannya Maxeke / Zubeida Jaffer.
Bloemfontein , Sun Press , 2016. - Life and times of Charlotte Mannya Maxeke

The art of Ama Ata Aidoo / Yaba Badoe.
[Accra] : Fadoa Films, 2014.

We should all be feminists / Amanda N. Adichie.
London : Fourth Estate, 2014.

Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti and the Women's Union of Abeokuta / Obioma Ofoego.
Paris, France : UNESCO Publishing , 2014.

Ruth First : political journalist, researcher and teacher / Gavin Peter Williams.
In: Journal of contemporary African studies (2014), vol. 32, no. 1, p. 13-34.

Speaking above a whisper : autobiography / Bisi Adeleye-Fayemi.
Ibadan : Amandla Consulting , 2014.

Special issue: Ruth First: não vamos esquecer (we will not forget) / Leo Zeilig Gavin Williams, Janet Bujra, Gary Littlejohn (eds.).
Abingdon : Routledge 2014. - Review of African political economy, vol. 41, no. 139

A renegade called Simphiwe / Pumla Dineo Gqola.
Johannesburg : MFBooks, 2013.

Speaking for myself : perspectives on social, political and feminist activism / Bisi Adeleye-Fayemi.
Ibadan : Amandla Consulting, 2013.

Days of my life : an autobiography / Grace Emily Akinyi Ogot.
Kisumu : Anyange Press Ltd, 2012.

Voices of Liberation : Ruth First / Donald Pinnock.
Cape Town : Human Sciences Research Council 2012. - Ruth First.

Emerging perspectives on Nawal El Saadawi / Ernest N. Emenyonu and Maureen N. Eke.
Trenton, NJ : Africa World Press , 2010. - Nawal El Saadawi.

The feminist-womanist dialectics : a critical source book : a festschrift in honour of Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo / Yetunde Akorede.
Porto-Novo : Editons Sonou D'Afrique, 2010.

Women's health and empowerment : speeches, essays and lectures (1995-2006) / Bene Madunagu.
Calabar (Nigeria) : Clear Lines Publications, 2007.

Unbowed : a memoir / Wangari Maathai.
London , Heinemann , 2007.

Challenging patriarchal structures : Wangari Maathai and the Green Belt Movement in Kenya / Janet Muthuki.
In: Agenda : empowering women for gender equity , (2006), no. 69, p. 83-91.

Selected writings of a pioneer West African feminist / Mabel Dove.
Nottingham : Trent Editions, 2004.

Walking through fire : a life of Nawal El Saadawi / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London [etc.] : Zed Books Claremont : Philip , 2002.

The construction of a Nigerian nationalist and feminist, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti / Raisa Simola.
In: Nordic journal of African studies , (1999), vol. 8, no. 1, p. 94-116.

A daughter of Isis : the autobiography of Nawal El Saadawi / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London [etc.] : Zed Books , 1999.

Emerging perspectives on Ama Ata Aidoo / Ada Uzoamaka Azodo and Gay Wilentz.
Trenton, N.J. [etc.] , Africa World Press , 1999.

For women and the nation : Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti of Nigeria / Cheryl Johnson-Odim.
Urbana [etc.] : University of Illinois Press , 1997.

The Nawal El Saadawi reader / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London [etc.] : Zed Books , 1997.

Emerging perspectives on Buchi Emecheta / Marie Umeh.
Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press , 1996.

Margaret Dongo, nouveau hérault de la démocratie au Zimbabwe / Daniel Compagnon.
In: Politique africaine (1996), no. 61, p. 122-127.

Men, women, and God(s) : Nawal El Saadawi and Arab feminist poetics / Fedwa Malti-Douglas.
Berkeley [etc.] : University of California Press , 1995.

The art of Ama Ata Aidoo : polylectics and reading against neocolonialism / Vincent O. Odamtten.
Gainesville, Fla. : University Press of Florida , 1994.

Head above water / Buchi Emecheta.
Oxford [etc.] : Heinemann , 1994.

Memoirs of a woman doctor / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London : Saqi Books , 1988.

Memoirs from the women's prison / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London : Women's Press , 1986.

Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti : continuity and change in Yoruba women's political actions : [paper] presented at the twenty-fifth annual meeting of the African Studies Association, Washington, D.C., November 4-7, 1982 / Nina Emma Mba.
Washington, D.C. : African Studies Association , 1982.

Olive Schreiner / Ruth First.
London : Deutsch 1980.


Selected novels, poetry, drama, and films

The first woman / Jennifer Nansubuga Makumbi. Cover The first woman
London : Oneworld, 2020.

No roses from my mouth : poems from prison / Stella Nyanzi.
Uganda : Ubuntu Reading Group, 2020.

This mournable body : a novel / Tsitsi Dangarembga.
Minneapolis, Minnesota : Graywolf Press, 2018.

Stay with me / Ayobami Adebayo.
Ikeja, Lagos State : Ouida, 2017.

Half of a yellow sun / Amanda N. Adichie, et al..
[London] : Soda Pictures, 2014.

Americanah / Amanda N. Adichie.
London : Fourth Estate, 2013.

We need new names / NoViolet Bulawayo.
London : Chatto & Windus, 2013.

On black sisters' street / Chika Unigwe.
London : Vintage Books, 2010.

So long a letter / Mariama Bâ.
London [etc.] : Heinemann ; Cambridge : Proquest, 2009.

The thing around your neck / Amanda N. Adichie.
London : Fourth Estate , 2009.

God dies by the Nile / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London : Zed, 2007.

Voices draped in black : poems / Ifi Amadiume.
Trenton, NJ [etc.] : Africa World Press (AWP), 2007.

The book of not : a novel / Tsitsi Dangarembga.
Banbury : Ayebia Clarke, 2006.

Circles of love : poems / Ifi Amadiume.
Trenton, NJ [etc.] : Africa World Press (AWP), 2006.

Half of a yellow sun / Amanda N. Adichie.
London : Fourth Estate, 2006.

Everything good will come : a novel / Sefi Atta.
Lagos : Farafina, 2005.

Two women in one / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London : Saqi, 2005.

Femme nue, femme noire : roman / Calixthe Beyala.
Paris : Albin Michel, 2003.

Purple hibiscus : a novel / Amanda N. Adichie.
Chapel Hill : Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2003.

The fall of the imam / Nawāl Saʻdāwī.
London : Saqi Books, 2002.

Zeyna / Ai͏̈ssatou Cissé.
Saint-Louis : Xamal, 2002.

Riwan ou le chemin de sable : roman / Ken Bugul.
Paris [etc.] : Présence africaine, 1999.

The girl who can and other stories / Ama Ata Aidoo.
Accra : Sub-Saharan Publishers, 1997.

The complete collected poems of Maya Angelou / Maya Angelou.
New York, [NY] : Random House, 1994. - complete collected poems.

The innocence of the devil / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
London : Methuen , 1994.

Possessing the secret of joy / Alice Walker.
New York [etc.] : Pocket Books, 1993.

Changes : a love story / Ama Ata Aidoo.
London : The Women's Press, 1991.

The temple of my familiar / Alice Walker.
London : The Women's Press, 1989.

The joys of motherhood / Buchi Emecheta.
London [etc.] : Heinemann, 1988.

L'amour-cent-vies / Werewere Liking.
Paris : Editions Publisud, 1988.

Nervous conditions / Tsitsi Dangarembga.
London : Women's Press, 1988.

Beloved : a novel / Toni Morrison.
London : Chatto & Windus, 1987.

Elle sera de jaspe et de corail / Werewere Liking.
Paris : L'Harmattan, 1984.

Le Baobab Fou / Ken Bugul.
Dakar [etc.] : Les Nouvelles éditions africaines, 1984.

Double yoke / Buchi Emecheta.
London [etc] : Ogwugwu Afor, 1983.

Woman at point zero / Nawāl al Saʿdāwī.
: London [etc.] : Zed Books , 1983.

The color purple : a novel / Alice Walker.
New York [etc.] : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982.

Our own freedom / Maggie Murray.
London : Sheba Feminist Publishers 1981.

The collector of treasures, and other Botswana village tales / Bessie Head.
London [etc.] : Heinemann, 1977. - collector of treasures.

The slave girl / Buchi Emecheta.
New York : G. Braziller, 1977.

The bride price : a novel / Buchi Emecheta.
London : Allison and Busby, 1976.

Sula / Toni Morrison.
New York : Knopf, 1974.

Anowa : [a play] / Ama Ata Aidoo.
Harlow : Longmans, 1970.

Efuru / Flora Nwapa.
London [etc.] : Heinemann, 1966. 


Web resources

Africa is a Country - African Feminisms series edited by Rama Salla Dieng
“Talking back: African feminisms in dialogue” is a series of blog posts dedicated to guest editor Rama Salla Dieng‘s late sister, Ndèye Anta Dieng (1985-2019).

African feminism
African Feminism (AF) is a pan-African feminist digital platform and collaborative writing project between African authors/writers,  in support of open discussion and dialogue on feminist issues throughout the continent. The website holds blog posts and interviews.

African Feminist Charter
The African Feminist Charter was developed by the African Feminist Forum Working Group in 2006 and adopted in by over 100 African feminists at the first African Feminist Forum (AFF) hosted by AWDF in Accra. It is available in English, French, Portuguese, Wolof, Arabic and Kiswahili.

African Feminist Forum
The African Feminist Forum (AFF), and its national subdivisions, organizes gatherings bringing together African feminist activists to discuss strategy, refine approaches and develop stronger networks to advance women’s rights in Africa. Its website contains the Feminist Charter, a Feminist Organisational Development Tool, online resources, and an overview of African feminists, past and present.

Agenda is a South African journal publishing articles and debate around gender and feminism, exploring critical understanding, feminist equity and policy. Contributions are partly open access.

AWA la revue de femme noire
AWA: la revue de la femme noire was an independent magazine produced in Dakar, Senegal, by a network of African women between 1964 and 1973. It features poems, short stories, political reportage, and essays, alongside recipes, fashion, home-furnishings, and readers’ letters pages. It presents women’s lives as citizens, mothers, sisters, workers, and consumers against the global backdrop of Cold War politics, new formulations of Afro-modernity, and demands for women’s rights. The magazine was digitised by the Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire-Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar as part of a Global Challenges project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK).

Feminist Africa
Feminist Africa is a continental gender studies journal produced by the community of feminist scholars. Formerly hosted by the African Gender Institute at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, it has now re-emerged after a three-year gap, hosted by the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana, Accra.

The African Women's Development and Communications Network is a Pan-African Feminist and membership-based network based in Nairobi with over 800 members across 49 African countries, striving for gender equality and the advancement of women’s rights. Its website contains an extensive e-resources section.

Hub of Loving Action in Africa (HOLAA!) is an African knowledge hub on sex and sexuality where women and gender non-conforming people of all sexualities can come together. Activities include workshops, dialogues, archiving, digital conversations knowledge production, partnerships and awareness building.

MS Afropolitan
MS Afropolitan is a blog on feminism and contemporary culture from an Africa-centered perspective, written by the Nigerian-Finnish and Swedish feminist author Minna Salami.

Women Living under Muslim Laws
Women Living Under Muslim Laws is an international solidarity network that provides information, support and a collective space for women whose lives are shaped, conditioned or governed by laws and customs said to derive from Islam. The website holds an extensive publications section.