Africa Knows!

Somali literature booksTo mark Africa Knows! the ASCL Library has compiled this web dossier on Africa’s role in knowledge and innovation. The dossier includes titles from the ASCL Library collection, extended with sources available through the broader Leiden University Library collection. Titles link to the corresponding record in the online catalogue, and include subject headings, abstracts, and links to full text, where available. The dossier is introduced by Ton Dietz and David Ehrhardt. It concludes with a selection of links to relevant websites.

Introduction | Selected titles | Selected web resources


The conference ‘Africa Knows!’ has two main messages: be aware that there are rapid changes in Africa’s knowledge environment, and that Africa will become more prominent as a producer of knowledge and innovations, and: it is time to decolonise minds. For both messages there is a host of existing evidence, and this web dossier presents a selection.

Knowledge production in Africa

In 2017, Brill publishers in Leiden published two volumes about ‘Knowledge and Change in African Universities’. Editors were Michael Cross, a South African higher education scholar, who first worked at Wits and currently leads the Ali Mazrui Centre for Higher Education Studies at the University of Johannesburg; and Amasa Ndofirepi, one of the many Zimbabwean scholars in South Africa, and both an education specialist and a philosopher. The history of their careers shows the importance of both main messages of the conference. They both focused on issues like ICT development in education, teacher recruitment and accountability, but later developed a more critical attitude, questioning neo-liberal knowledge practices, demanding critical scholarship, and what was called knowledge pluriversality. And of course, scholars like them have been deeply touched by the public outcry for getting rid of remains of the ‘colonial heritage’ (and in South Africa, the heritage of Apartheid).

All over Africa, the numbers of higher education and research institutions have increased quite substantially in recent decades, and after 1990 private knowledge institutions blossomed. The numbers of students increased rapidly as well, often overcrowding tertiary institutions and putting major demands on overstressed university staff. Ever more African students study abroad. Public and private think tanks increased – some of them satellites of foreign institutions, but many also a result of African initiatives. And, partly as a result of foreign, and ever more also domestic tourism, the numbers of African museums increased rapidly as well, often with a critical attitude to ‘heritage’ and ‘art’. Numbers of teachers-cum-researchers and post-grads in universities, as well as researchers in public service, private businesses, and non-profit agencies, have increased considerably. And along with them, the numbers of published books and journal articles, consultancy reports, and policy documents. Many African universities have also started to publish PhD and Master’s theses online, and the development of Google Scholar and other search engines and databases has created immediate access to a lot of new and publicly available research results.

The overview presented in this compilation of materials in, or accessible through the library of the African Studies Centre Leiden does not intend to give a complete picture of the massive availability of scholarly material about ‘knowledge production in Africa’. It only presents a small selection from international journals and publishers focused on these themes, such as the Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Higher Education Policy, Comparative Education, or Curriculum Inquiry. The focus of this compilation is much more on ‘Africanist’ journals, and on journals and book publishers established in Africa itself. Some of these publication outlets are old and established (like the South African Historical Journal, *1969), but mostly they have started quite recently, and with the intention to give a better opportunity to African scholars to publish beyond the established channels. An example is the International Journal of African Renaissance Studies (a joint venture of Routledge and UNISA in South Africa *2006), with its emphasis on multi-, inter-, and transdisciplinarity. Many universities in Africa (re-)started their own publication series, and there is a quest for autonomy, and self-determination in organisations like CODESRIA in Dakar, OSSREA in Addis Ababa, Langaa in Bamenda or the Pan African University Press, which states on its website: “The idea of the press is to circulate publications in a global network that will privilege under-represented academic voices”.

Decolonising knowledge and education

In recent years, many publications deal with the ‘repositioning of Africa in global knowledge production’, or challenging the colonial heritage, and ‘dismantling the big lies in education’, or revisiting colonial legacies in the scholarly attention for certain topics. These challenges do not only come from African scholars. The ‘decolonisation of the mind’ is a matter for both African and non-African scholars. Moreover, as this compilation shows, these issues are not new. Earlier scholars also dealt with these questions, like the book published by Mellen Press in 2003: “Decolonisation, independence, and the politics of higher education in West Africa”, by Katya Leney, or the book published by Berghahn in 2013 about “Empire, global coloniality and African subjectivity”, by one of the keynote speakers of the Africa Knows! conference: Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni. And already in 2008, the African Studies Centre Leiden published a working paper with the title “Decolonising the social sciences in the global South: Claude Ake and the praxis of knowledge production in Africa” (by Jeremiah O. Arowosegbe; ASC Working Paper 79).

At the same time, recent publications show more urgency, and an approach that has rediscovered the ‘political economy of knowledge production’. Henning Melber, in 2018, is convinced that the decolonisation of knowledge production is not only an African, but a global challenge. And Francis Nyamnjoh, in 2020, asks for more ‘convivial scholarship’. The many publications mentioned in this overview challenge the power structures of funding research, of determining what the ‘major topics’, and ‘convincing approaches’ are, of the publication outlets, and the practices of selection what is ‘excellent’ science. They ask for a much more transformative curriculum in universities and other knowledge institutions, and for a much more serious attempt to understand the politics and sociology of knowledge production: who studies what when and how, and for what purposes? What are the power relations within research teams, and in research and publication institutions? And how could those be better?

Indigenous knowledge and education

Many scholars (Africans and non-Africans, together or separate) have written about the importance of indigenous knowledge in Africa, and there are many publications in this overview showing the wide array of topics and approaches in this domain. There are also publications asking for specific ‘African’ forms of innovation and ‘African’ epistemologies of knowledge development. This touches on deeply philosophical questions about the universality of knowledge, and it questions the definition of what is true and what is false, what can be known and what cannot, or not yet. The questions about whose knowledge counts, and what should be taught and by whom, are relevant as well. There are scholars who claim that there are specific African ways of knowing, and scholars who deeply mistrust these ’essentialist’ ways of claiming that people with particular identities can know more or better, or should be privileged to study ‘African people and things’, at the exclusion of non-Africans.

For African Studies Centres in Europe (or beyond Africa in general) these are existential issues, questioning European claims to ‘know about Africa’ in ways that can produce trustworthy knowledge and be useful for others, including African scholars. But at the same time, African Studies Centres beyond Africa need to come to grips with the one-sided ways in which the ‘external gaze’ has often portrayed Africans and ‘African problems’, and has produced subordination, and dependence in research and teaching relationships, with or without explicit claims of authority or even superiority. African Studies Centres in Europe and the US (and now also ever more in Asia and Latin America) need to accustom themselves with a much more prominent position for African scholars, and their institutions (including their ‘own’ journals and publishing outlets), and also with the growing importance of scholarly networks between Africans themselves, and between Africa and Asia, the Caribbean, and South and Central America.


The final section of this web dossier concerns one of the most promising – yet contested – questions at the heart of the Africa Knows! conference: is Africa a source of innovation that can be exported to the rest of the world? And is it using technological advances to leapfrog into a future of even more innovation and invention? Taken together, the sources highlighted in the dossier provide a fascinating insight into the mixed and complex situation of African innovation on the ground. The African Innovation Outlook presents a useful bird's eye perspective in describing the variation in current levels of innovation across sectors and countries. It also points to the serious measurement difficulties in this field, as well as some avenues for improvements. Many other sources then zoom in on specific cases, analyzing the extent and impact of innovations within them, as well as the various explanations for innovativeness and its impacts on the economy and wider society.

Overall, the picture remains too mixed and uncertain for a definitive answer to the question of African ‘leapfrogging’. But the literature does highlight that the determinants of this process are highly complex and systemic; there is no single ‘silver bullet’ for innovation on the continent. For example, Heilbron and others suggest, looking at innovative start-ups in Kenya and Nigeria, that the key to successful innovation lies in a complex and systemic mix of factors, including entrepreneur education, the registration and formalisation of the company, access to capital, an entrepreneurial spirit and attitude among the founders of the firms, effective and innovative use of available new technologies, in particular ICT, as well as a conducive environment with an emerging middle class of consumers as well as contact with other innovative entrepreneurs and investors. In similar vein, Oluwatobi and others suggest the importance of government institutions and regulatory capacity as a precondition for innovation. And Bartels and others identify a range of complex barriers to innovation in Ghana, including limited ICT capability, unsophisticated markets, deficient fiscal policy, and various organisational risks .

Some of the sources in this compilation present optimistic suggestions for promoting innovation in Africa. Most ambitiously, perhaps, Grobbelaar and Schwaag Serger outline distinct paths towards promoting growth and innovation, including further regional integration, diversification and entrepreneurship, universities as engines for development, and the developmental state. The systematic nature of innovation provides caution against overly ambitious policy interventions to enhance innovativeness in countries or even specific sectors. But the sources in this compilation do discuss several cases where innovation has grown considerably over the last decades, or where there is great potential. Adesida and others, for example, provide wonderful studies of what they call ‘emerging hubs of excellence’ – including mobile technology in Kenya, Nigeria’s Nollywood film industry, and Algeria’s steel sector. And Ezeanya and Kennedy, as a final example, highlight the potential for innovation in clean energy use by integrating it into poverty reduction strategies, in particular in the context of Rwanda .


There is a great need for meta-knowledge about Africa’s knowledge development and for a political-economy perspective on this knowledge production. Knowledge production in Africa, and anywhere else, is not happening in a vacuum. The mix of external, and local (including ‘indigenous’) forms of knowledge and innovation depends on the functioning of networks, of travelling ideas and practices, and often on collaboration across boundaries of nationality, gender, disciplines, and institutions. And it needs individual minds, who think outside the box, and who challenge ‘normal’ ways of thinking and acting. All these are embedded in structures of power and influence, that are fluid, often not so visible, and part of ‘longue durée’ trends. Those trends show shifting patterns of dominance and subordination, as well as accommodation and confrontation. What we observe is that we are in an era of a double shift: on the one hand from a dominance of the West (Europe and North America) to at least a multi-polar power structure, but maybe to a strong further shift to Asian dominance; and on the other hand a growing importance of Africa in this multi-polar world, including a growing importance of its knowledge producers and innovators. This web dossier shows many examples of where there are high prospects, and interesting insights. It underlines that it matters to ask the questions about ‘whose knowledge counts’, and the importance of ‘leave no knowledge behind’ – a theme that happens to be the motto of one of the NUFFIC panels of Africa Knows!

Ton Dietz and David Ehrhardt


Selected titles

Knowledge production | Decolonising knowledge and education | Indigenous knowledge and education | Innovation

Knowledge production

The cognitive empire, politics of knowledge and African intellectual productions: reflections on struggles for epistemic freedom and resurgence of decolonisation in the twenty-first century / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni.
In: Third world quarterly, pages 1-20, 2020.

Figuring out how to reconfigure African Studies / Rüdiger Seesemann. - Bayreuth : Institute of African Studies, 2020.

Transforming research excellence : new ideas from the global South / L. Wallace ; Robert Tijssen ; Matthew L. Wallace ; Erika Kraemer-Mbula. - Oxford: African Books Collective, cover "Transforming research excellence"

Researching South-South development cooperation : the politics of knowledge production / edited by Emma Mawdsley, Elsje Fourie and Wiebe Nauta. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York: Routledge, 2019.

What is our research for? Responsibility, humility and the production of knowledge about Burundi / Devon E.A. Curtis.
In: Afrikaspectrum, vol. 54, no.1, pages 4-21, 2019.

Research excellence in Africa: Policies, perceptions, and performance / Robert Tijssen, Erika Kraemer-Mbula.
In: Science & public policy, vol. 45, no. 3, pages 392-403, 2018.

Knowledge and Change in African Universities : Volume 1 – Current Debates / Michael Cross and Amasa Ndofirepi (Eds). - Leiden, Boston : Brill | Sense, 2017.

Knowledge and Change in African Universities : Volume 2 – Re-Imagining the Terrain / Michael Cross and Amasa Ndofirepi (Eds). - Leiden, Boston : Brill | Sense, 2017.

African scholars, African studies and knowledge production on Africa / Jeremiah O. Arowosegbe ... [et al.].
In: Africa : journal of the International African Institute , vol. 86, no. 2, p. 324-353, 2016.

The humanities in Africa : knowledge production, universities, and the transformation of society / by Tóyìn Fálọlá. - Austin, TX: Pan African University Press, 2016.

Knowledge production and African universities : a struggle against social death / edited by Claude G. Mararike and Obvious Vengeyi. - Harare: University of Zimbabwe, 2016.

Knowledge production in and on Africa / edited by Hana Horáková and Katerina Weřkman. - Zürich: Lit, 2016.

The role of knowledge economy in African business / Vanessa Simen Tchamyou.
In: Journal of the knowledge economy, vol.8, no.4, pages 1189-1228, 2016.

African Studies : knowledge production and beyond / Stephen Owoahene-Acheampong and Jacob U. Gordon.
In: Contemporary journal of African studies , vol. 3, no. 1, p. 93-119, 2015.

Knowledge production and contradictory functions in African higher education / ed. by Nico Cloete, Peter Maassen, Tracy Bailey. - Somerset West: African Minds, cover "Knowledge production contradictionary functions in African higher education"

Knowledge production through mentorship of next generation scholars: case study of universities in Kenya / Irene Moraa Moseti.
In: African journal of library, archives and information science , vol. 25, no. 2, p. 91-108 : fig., graf., tab, 2015.

'A loyal liking for fair play' : Joseph Millerd Orpen and knowledge production in the Cape Colony / Rachel King.
In: South African historical journal : journal of the Southern African Historical Society , vol. 67, no. 4, p. 410-432 : ill, 2015.

The micro-politics of knowledge production in Southern Africa / editors: Andrew Bank and Nancy Jacobs. - Paris: Veyrier, 2015.

Pan-Africanism, knowledge production and the third liberation of Africa / Samuel Oloruntoba.
In: International journal of African renaissance studies , vol. 10, no. 1, p. 7-24, 2015.

Problems of knowledge and knowledge production in Africa / Getnet Tamene.
In: Modern Africa : politics, history and society , vol. 3, no. 2, p. 19-42, 2015.

Special Issue : Discoursing 'democratic knowledge' & knowledge production in North Africa / Larbi Sadiki [ed.]. - Abingdon [etc.]: Routledge [etc.], 2015.

Towards a 'democratic knowledge' turn? Knowledge production in the age of the Arab Spring / Larbi Sadiki.
In: The Journal of North African Studies: Discoursing 'Democratic Knowledge' & Knowledge Production in North Africa, vol. 20, no. 5, pages 702-721, 2015.

Vicarious reflections : African explorations in empirically-grounded intercultural philosophy / by Wim van Binsbergen. - Haarlem: Shikanda Press, 2015.

African studies and knowledge production : a reader / ed. by Stephen Owoahene-Acheampong. - Legon-Accra: Sub-Saharan Publishers, for the University of Ghana, 2013.

Kwame Nkrumah, African studies, and the politics of knowledge production in the Black Star of Africa / by Jean Allman.
In: The international journal of African historical studies , vol. 46, no. 2, p. 181-203 : foto, 2013.

'... University is ISO 9000:2008 certified' : neoliberal echoes, knowledge production and quality assurance in Kenyan state universities / Ishmael I. Munene.
In: Journal of higher education in Africa : an interdisciplinary international journal of research and policy , vol. 11, no. 1/2, p. 161-182 : graf., tab, 2013.

African studies in the post-colonial university / ed. by Thandabantu Nhlapo and Harry Garuba. - Cape Town: University of Cape Town in association with the Centre for African Studies, cover "African studies in the pos-colonial universities"

Learning together : developing inclusive knowledges and sciences / University for Development Studies ... [et al.]. - [S.l.: s.n.], 2012.

Muslim women's knowledge production in the greater Maghreb: the example of Nana Asmaʼu of Northern Nigeria / Beverly B. Mack.
In: Gender and Islam in Africa : rights, sexuality, and law , p. 17-40, 2011.

La production du savoir dans l'Afrique d'aujourd'hui : l'ancien et le nouveau / sous la dir. de Paulin J Hountondji. - Paris: L'Harmattan, 2009.

Fourth generation African scholars / [guest ed.] Godwin Rapando Murunga, Souleymane Bachir Diagne. - Dakar: Codesria, 2008.

Privatisation and private higher education in Kenya : implications for access, equity, and knowledge production / Ibrahim Ogachi Oanda, Fatuma N. Chege, Daniel M. Wesonga. - Dakar: Codesria, 2008.

The social sciences and knowledge production in Africa: the contribution of Claude Ake / Jeremiah O. Arowosegbe.
In: Afrika spectrum , Jg. 43, H. 3, p. 333-351, 2008.

The management of knowledge : a model for the African Renaissance / Andreas Gerhardus Velthuizen. - Pretoria: University of South Africa, 2007.

Towards a new paradigm for pan-African knowledge production and application in the context of the African Renaissance / Shadrack B.O. Gutto.
In: International journal of African renaissance studies : multi-, inter- and transdisciplinarity , vol. 1, no. 2, p. 306-323, 2006.

Inkwells of the Sahara: reflections on the production of Islamic knowledge in Bilād Shinqīt / Ghislaine Lydon.
In: The transmission of learning in Islamic Africa , p. 39-71, 2004.

Cyberspace, distance learning, and higher education in developing countries : old and emergent issues of access, pedagogy, and knowledge production / ed. by N'Dri T. Assié-Lumumba. - Leiden [etc.]: Brill, 2003.

"Race", racism, knowledge production and psychology in South Africa / Norman Duncan ... [et al.], ed. - Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 2001.

The scholarly journal in the production and dissemination of knowledge on Africa: exploring some issues for the future / Sulaiman A. Adebowale.
In: African sociological review , vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1-16, 2001.

Decolonising knowledge and education

Decolonising the academy : a case for convivial scholarship / Francis B. Nyamnjoh. - Basel: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, 2020.

Decolonization, development and knowledge in Africa : turning over a new leaf / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni. - London: Routledge, cover "Decolonization, development and knowledge in Africa"

Toward a transformative African curriculum for higher education / Molefi Kete Asante.
In: International Journal of African Renaissance Studies, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 25-40, 2020.

Impediments to an active African intelligentsia in championing the africanisation agenda / Bhekithemba Richard Mngomezulu.
In: International Journal of African Renaissance Studies, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 90-104, 2020.

Dear upright African : a call to action for taking history into our own hands / Donald Molosi. - Astoria, NY: The Mantle, 2019.

Decolonisation in universities : the politics of knowledge / edited by Jonathan D. Jansen. - Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 2019.

Eduquer en pays dominé : (Afrique, Amériques, Europe) / sous la direction de Franck Collin, Jean Moomou et Caroline Seveno ; préface de Yanick Lahens. - Paris: Karthala, 2019.

Sharing Knowledge, Transforming Societies: The Norhed Programme 2013-2020 / Edited by Tor Halvorsen, Kristin Skare Orgeret & Roy Krøvel. - Cape Town: African Minds, 2019.

Whose history counts : decolonising African pre-colonial historiography / June Bam, Lungisile Ntsebeza, Allan Zinn, editors. - Stellenbosch [South Africa]: Sun Press, 2019.

African proverbs as epistemologies of decolonization / George J. Sefa Dei, Isaac Nortey Darko, Jadie McDonnell, Suleyman M. Demi and Harriet Akanmori. - New York: Peter Lang, 2018.

Curbing inequality through decolonising knowledge production in higher education in South Africa / Leon Mwamba Tshimpaka.
In: The Australasian review of African studies , volume 39, number 1 (June 2018), pages 53-80, 2018.

Decolonising colonial education : doing away with relics and toxicity embedded in the racist dominant grand narrative / Nkwazi Nkuzi Mhango. - Bamenda, Cameroon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2018.

Decolonising the university : a law perspective / Khanya B. Motshabi.
In: Strategic Review of Southern Africa, vol. 40, no. 1, 2018.

Epistemic freedom in Africa: deprovincialization and decolonization / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni. - Milton: Routledge, 2018.

Konwledge production and decolonisation - not only African challenages / Henning Melber.
In: Strategic Review for Southern Africa, vol 40, no 1, 2018.

Mental emancipation in Nnamdi Azikiwe’s political philosophy and the decolonisation of African knowledge / Polycarp Ikuenobe.
In: Theoria, vol. 65, no. 155, pages 50-71, 2018.

Power in contemporary Zimbabwe / edited by Erasmus Masitera and Fortune Sibanda. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge, 2018.

Shaping a decolonised sport history curriculum through the national question / Francois J. Cleophas.
In: Yesterday & today no. 20, pages 148-164, 2018.

South Africa's enduring colonial nature and universities / Johann Rossouw.
In: Strategic Review for Southern Africa, vol 40, no 1, 2018.

"Unholy trinity" and "transformations" in post-1994 South Africa : re-focusing "transformation" in higher education for social and economic empowerment / Oladele Ayorinde.
In: African studies bulletin , no. 80, pages 65-93., 2018.

Decolonising knowledge: can Ubuntu ethics save us from coloniality? / Piet Naude.
In: Journal of business ethics, vol. 159, no. 1, pages 23-37, 2017.

The emergence and trajectories of struggles for an 'African university' : the case of unfinished business of African epistemic decolonisation / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni.
In: Kronos, vol.43, no. 1, 2017.

The African renaissance and the transformation of the higher education curriculum in South Africa / Philip Higgs.
In: Africa education review, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 87-101, 2016.

Between the public intellectual and the scholar: decolonization and some post-independence initiatives in African higher education / Mahmood Mamdani.
In: Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, vol. 17, no. 1, pages 69-83, 2016.

The decolonial Mandela : peace, justice and the politics of life / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni. - New York [etc]: Berghahn, 2016.

Decolonizing the university, knowledge systems and disciplines in Africa / Edited by Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni and Siphamandla Zondi. - Durham: Carolina Academic Press, cover "Decolonizing the university, knowledge system and disciplines in Africa"

Regenerating Africa : bringing African solutions to African problems / Mammo Muchie, Vusi Gumede, Samuel Oloruntoba and Nicasius Achu Check (eds.). - Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa, 2016.

The South African high school history curriculum and the politics of gendering decolonisation and decolonising gender / Lindsay Wills.
In: Yesterday & today , no. 16, p. 22-39, 2016.

Genealogies of coloniality andimplications for Africa's development / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni.
In: Africa development, vol. 40, no. 3, p. 13-40, 2015.

L'"École de Casablanca" : 1960-1972 / Dounia Benqassem. - Casablanca: Editions AfricArts, 2015.

L'"École de Dakar" / Dounia Benqassem. - Casablanca: Editions AfricArts, 2015.

L'"École de Tétouan" : 1960- / Dounia Benqassem. - Casablanca: Editions AfricArts, 2015.

The Internet and the democratization of knowledge production / Thomas Sharp.
In: African research and documentation : the journal of the African Studies Association of the UK and the Standing Commission [Conference] on Library Materials on Africa , no. 126, p. 3-20, 2014.

Coloniality of power in postcolonial Africa: myths of decolonization / by Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni. - CODESRIA: Dakar, 2013.

Decolonising the mind? : national identity and historical consciousness in Cameroonian history textbooks - s.l.: s.n., 2013.

Empire, global coloniality and African subjectivity / Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni. - New York: Berghahn Books, 2013.

Critical analysis of the production of Western knowledge and its implications for indigenous knowledge and decolonization / Francis Adyanga Akena.
In: Journal of black studies, vol. 43, no. 6, pages 599-619, 2012.

Le temps de la coopération : sciences sociales et décolonisation au Maghreb / sous la direction de Jean-Robert Henry et Jean-Claude Vatin ; en collab. avec Sébastien Denis et François Siino. - Paris [etc.]: Karthala [etc.], 2012.

Decolonising the social sciences in the global South : Claude Ake and the praxis of knowledge production in Africa / Jeremiah O. Arowosegbe. - Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2008.

South Africa/India: re-imagining the disciplines / [contrib. by Isabel Hofmeyr ... et al.].
In: South African historical journal , no. 57, p. 1-152 : graf., tab, 2007.

Disciplined development : teachers and reform in Ghana / Laura J. Dull. - Lanham, MD [etc.]: Lexington Books, 2006.

Indexing Africa : revisiting the issue of knowledge production and distribution / [ed.:] Elizabeth Le Roux & Peter Ogum Nwosu. - Dakar: Codesria, 2006.

L'enseignement au Congo belge dans le diocèse de Basankusu (RDC), partie II: 1960-2000 : missionnaires de Mill Hill au Congo / Jan Hendriks.
In: Annales aequatoria , no. 26, p. 5-65 : foto's, krt, tab, 2005.

Decolonisation, independence, and the politics of higher education in West Africa / Katya Leney. - Lewiston, NY [etc.]: Mellen, 2003.

Decolonising African history: crises and transitions in African historiography, 1950-1990 / Esperanza Brizuela-Garcia. London: SOAS University of London, 2002.

Indigenous knowledge and education

Decolonising science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in an age of technocolonialism : recentring African indigenous knowledge and belief systems / edited by Artwell Nhemachena, Nokuthula Hlabangane and Joseph Z.Z. Matowanyika. - Mankon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2020.

African knowledge as a system : towards global parity in knowledge production for democratization, socio-economic growth and human development / Andreas Velthuizen.
In: Indilinga. African journal of Indigenous Knowledge systems, volume 18 (2019), issue 2, pages 189-200, 2019.

Embedding chief's bulls and iminombo in decolonising South African history in the further education and training phase / Jongikhaya Mvenene.
In: Indilinga. African journal of Indigenous Knowledge systems, volume 18 (2019), issue 1, pages 43-29, 2019.

Indigenous Knowledge and education in Africa / Chika Ezeanya-Esiobu. - Singapore: Springer, cover "Indigenous knowledge and education in Africa"

Towards a framework for understanding the influence of selected aspects of culture on secondary school students' learning of stoichiometry : insights from a preliminary study / Crispen Erinos Bhukuvhani, Alois Solomon Chromo & Charles Chikunda.
In: Zimbabwe journal of educational research , volume 31, number 3, p. 391-417, 2019.

Whose history counts : decolonising African pre-colonial historiography / June Bam, Lungisile Ntsebeza, Allan Zinn, editors. - Stellenbosch [South Africa]: Sun Press, 2019.

Reconstructing the paradigm of African area studies in a globalizing world / edited by Akira Takada. - Kyoto: Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 2018.

African studies in the Academy : the cornucopia of theory, praxis and transformation in Africa / edited by Munyaradzi Mawere and Tapuwa Raymond Mubaya. - Mankon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2017.

The infusion of indigenous knowledge systems in the teaching and learning of South African history in the further education and training phase / Jongikhaya Mvenene.
In: Indilinga. African journal of Indigenous Knowledge systems, volume 16 (2017), issue 1, pages 100-117, 2017.

African indigenous knowledge and the sciences : journeys into the past and present / Editors: Gloria Emeagwali and Edward Shiza. - Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016.

The African renaissance and the transformation of the higher education curriculum in South Africa / Philip Higgs.
In: Africa education review , vol. 13, no. 1, p. 87-101, 2016.

Education and extraversion: naming, valuing and contesting 'modern' and 'indigenous' knowledge in post-war Somaliland / Christina J. Woolner.
In: Journal of eastern African studies : journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa , vol. 10, no. 3, p. 413-433, 2016.

Humanities and African values / ed. by Emmanuel C. Umezinwa... [et al.]. - Awka: Fab Anieh Nig. Ltd, 2016.

Indigenous knowledge for school science : insights into the issue of intellectual property rights from three South African studies / Dominic Mashoko, Vongai Mpofu, Emmanuel Mushayikwa, and Moyra Keane.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 15, no. 1, p. 178-189, 2016.

The nature of peace education in African Indigenous knowledge systems / Richard Makoni and Leoni G. Higgs.
In: Indilinga. African journal of Indigenous Knowledge systems, volume 15 (2016), issue 3, pages 191-201, 2016.

The relevance of integrating ethno-science (indigenous knowledge) into upper primary natural sciences and health education school curriculum in the Zambezi region / Christina Nyarai Utete, Alex Mbonabi Ilukena and Bosman Muyumbano Simasiku.
In: Journal for studies in humanities and social sciences , vol. 5, no. 2, p. 66-72, 2016.

Savoirs locaux, éducation et formation en Afrique : les enjeux des politiques internationales / Sophie Lewandowski. - Paris: Karthala, cover "Savoirs locaux, éducation et formation en Afrique"

Theory, knowledge, development and politics : what role for the academy in the sustainability of Africa? / eds. Munyaradzi Mawere et Artwell Nhemachena. - Mankon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2016.

African indigenous knowledge systems and human rights: implications for higher education, based on the South African experience / John Mubangizi and Hassan Kaya.
In: International journal of African renaissance studies , vol. 10, no. 2, p. 125-142, 2015.

Approches novatrices, savoirs et savoirs-faire endogènes pour une meilleure adéquation école communauté : rapport d'étude / consultant principal Daouda Ndiaye. - [Abidjan]: Association pour le Développement de l'Education en Afrique (ADEA), Groupe de Travail sur l'Éducation Non formelle, 2015.

Indigenous knowledge and public education in Sub-Saharan Africa / Munyaradzi Mawere.
In: Afrika spectrum , vol. 50, no. 2, p. 57-71 : tab, 2015.

Indigenous knowledge of Namibia / ed. by Kazhila C. Chinsembu ... [et al.]. - Windhoek: University of Nambia Press, 2015.

Integration of indigenous knowledge management into the university curriculum : a case for Makerere University / Elisam Magara.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 14, no. 1, p. 25-41, 2015.

Savoirs et reconnaissance dans les sociétés africaines / sous la dir. de Pascale Moity-Maizi. - Paris: Karthala, 2015.

Special issue on sustainable rural learning ecologies : border crossing / guest edited by Sechaba Mahlomaholo & Milton M. Nkoane. - Dakar: Codesria, 2015.

A stand-alone, blended or restructured indigenisation approach to curriculum? : a critical perspective / Degefu Yishak and Mishack Gumbo.
In: International journal of African renaissance studies , vol. 10, no. 1, p. 60-82 : fig, 2015.

Africa-centred knowledges : crossing fields & worlds / edited by Brenda Cooper & Robert Morrell ; foreword by Crain Soudien. - Woodbridge: James Currey Ltd, 2014.

African indigenous knowledge and the disciplines / edited by Gloria Emeagwali and George J. Sefa Dei. - Rotterdam [etc.]: Sense Publishers, 2014.

Towards an argumentative dialogue between local knowledge and official school curriculum : a case of local curriculum in Mozambique / Jose P. Castiano and Queeneth Mkabela.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 13, no. 1, p. 28-40 : tab, 2014.

African indigenous knowledge systems and relevance of higher education in South Africa / Hassan O. Kaya, Yonah N. Seleti.
In: The International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, vol. 12, no. 1, pages 30–44, 2013.

Creating spaces for eZiko Sipheka Sisophula theoretical framework for teaching and researching in higher education : a philosophical exposition / N. Goduka ... [et al.].
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 12, no. 1, p. 1-12 : fig, 2013.

Indigenizing knowledge for development: epistemological and pedagogical approaches / Seth Oppong.
In: Africanus : skakelblad van die Departement van Naturelle-Administrasie, Universiteit van Suid-Afrika , vol. 43, no. 2, p. 34-50, 2013.

Surveying technologies for integrating indigenous knowledge systems in mathematics teaching in South Africa : potentials and challenges / Iman C. Chahine, Wanjira Kinuthia, Kori Maxwell.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 12, no. 1, p. 37-51 : fig., graf., tab, 2013.

Claiming indigeneity through the school curriculum, with specific reference to technology education / M.T. Gumbo.
In: Africa education review , vol. 9, no. 3, p. 434-451, 2012.

L'Afrique des savoirs au sud du Sahara (XVIe-XXIe siècle) : acteurs, supports, pratiques / sous la dir. de Daouda Gary-Tounkara et Didier Nativel. - Paris: Karthala, 2012.

Moral disorientation and Nigeria's vision 20-20-20 : illusions, contradictions and the case for indigenous values and social ethics / Amaechi Udefi.
In: Orita : Ibadan journal of religious studies , vol. 44, no. 2, p. 1-22, 2012.

A critique and rethink of 'modern education' in Africa's development in the 21st century / Zehlia Babaci-Wilhite, Macleans A. Geo-JaJa.
In: Papers in education and development : journal of the Faculty of Education, University of Dar es Salaam , no. 30, p. 133-153, 2011.

The curriculum in an African context / Berte Van Wyk, Philip Higgs.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 10, no. 2, p. 171-181, 2011.

Indigenous education during the pre-colonial period in southern Africa / Johannes Seroto.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 10, no. 1, p. 77-88, 2011.

Indigenous knowledge and localised curriculum in Zambia : ... the road to sustainable development? / Ricarda Motschilnig. - Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, cover "Indigenous knowledge and localised curriculum in Zambia"

La transmission des savoirs en Afrique : savoirs locaux et langues locales pour l'enseignement / Henry Tourneux ; avec la coll. de Boubakary Abdoulaye et Hadidja Konai͏̈. - Paris: Karthala, 2011.

Transforming education and development policies for pastoralist communities in Kenya : through the integration of indigenous knowledge systems / Ibrahim Oanda Ogachi. - Addis Ababa: Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA), 2011.

Teaching Africa : towards a transgressive pedagogy / George J. Sefa Dei. - Dordrecht [etc.]: Springer, 2010.

The ethnic approach to music making : a case for music education in Ghana / Pius P.Y. Vordzorgbe.
In: Journal of performing arts , vol. 4, no. 1, p. 101-108, 2009.

Indigenous knowledge management transfer systems across generations in Zimbabwe / Dephin Mpofu and Collins Ogutu Miruka.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 8, no. 1, p. 85-94, 2009.

Academic freedom discourse in post-colonial Africa : a quest for transformation and appropriation of relevant knowledge in higher education / Munyaradzi Felix Murove and Fikile Mazibuko.
In: Africa insight , vol. 38, no. 2, p. 101-114, 2008.

Anthropologies of knowledge and South Africa's Indigenous Knowledge Systems Policy / Lesley Green.
In: Anthropology Southern Africa , vol. 31, no. 1/2, p. 48-57, 2008.

Children's stories: what knowledge constitutes indigenous knowledge? / Michèle Stears.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 7, no. 2, p. 132-140, 2008.

Integrating socio-cultural knowledge in life skills education for the prevention of health and social pathologies : a social work perspective / Jabulani Makhubele, Lulama Qalinga.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 7, no. 2, p. 155-170, 2008.

A relevant physics curriculum: tapping indigenous African knowledge systems / Cable Moji, Annemarie Hattingh.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 7, no. 2, p. 223-236 : ill., krt, 2008.

The dominance of the spirit of neo-liberal capitalism in contemporary higher education practices in post-colonial Africa : a reconstruction of an African ethic of indigenisation / Munyaradzi Felix Murove, George Sombe Mukuka.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 6, no. 1, p. 14-25, 2007.

Indigenising social work in Africa / ed. [by] Kwaku Osei-Hwedie and Gloria Jacques. - Accra: Ghana Universities Press, 2007.

Integrating African indigenous knowledge in Kenya’s formal education system : the potential for sustainable development / Jenipher Owuor
In: Journal of Contemporary Issues in Education, vol. 2, no. 2, 2007.

Mathematical ideas in some cooperative work activities of the Shangani people of southern Zimbabwe / Thomas Sibanda, David Mtetwa, Alpheus Zobolo.
In: Indilinga : African journal of indigenous knowledge systems , vol. 6, no. 1, p. 51-63 : fig, 2007.

Approches endogènes des sciences sociales = Endogenous approach to social sciences. L'Afrique et la papauté = Africa and papacy. - Paris: Société africaine de culture, 2005.


African innovation outlook III. - Pretoria: NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency, cover "African innovation outlook"

Innovation and agility in the digital age : Africa, the world's laboratories of tomorrow / Soufyane Frimousse. - London: ISTE Ltd, 2019.

La collaboration université-entreprise au service de l'innovation au Maghreb / Mohammed Matmati, Bernard Chapelet, Imane El Ghazali, François Pichault et al. ; préface de Loïck Roche ; postface de Thami Ghorfi. - [Meylan]: Éditions Campus ouvert, 2019.

Science, technology and innovation policies for inclusive growth in Africa : human skills development and country cases / edited by Achim Gutowski, Nazar Mohamed Hassan, Tobias Knedlik, Chantal Marie Ngo Tong, Karl Wohlmuth. - Zürich: Lit Verlag, 2019.

Solving local needs through innovation / Tarisai Kudakwashe Manyati, Morgen Mutsau. - Pretoria: Africa Institute, 2019.

Beyond imagination : the ethics and applications of nanotechnology and bio-economics in South Africa / edited by Zamanzima Mazibuko. - Johannesburg: Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA), 2018.

L'entrepreneuriat innovant dans les pays du Maghreb. - Paris: L'Harmattan, 2018.

Mapping the national system of innovation in Eswatini / Tengetile G Hlophe and Thula Sizwe Dlamini. - Pretoria: UNISA Press, 2018.

Science, technology and innovation policies for inclusive growth in Africa : general issues and country cases / edited by Reuben A. Alabi, Achim Gutowski, Nazar Mohamed Hassan, Tobias Knedlik, Samia Satti Osman Mohamed Nour, Karl Wohlmuth. - Zürich: Lit Verlag, 2018.

Debunking myths around African talent / Rudy L. Massamba. - Wandsbeck ; South Africa: Reach Publishers, 2017.

Entrepreneurship in Africa / edited by Akinyinka Akinyoade, Ton Dietz, Chibuike Uche. - Leiden: Brill, 2017.

Innovation as a key to success? : case studies of innovative start-ups in Kenya and Nigeria / Miguel Heilbron, André Leliveld and Peter Knorringa.
In: Entrepreneurship in Africa. - 2017.

Institutions, resources and innovation in East Africa: a firm level approach / Laura Barasa, Joris Knoben, Patrick Vermeulen, Peter Kimuyu, Bethuel Kinyanju.
In: Research policy, vol. 46, no. 1, pages 280-291, 2017.

Integrating clean energy use in national poverty reduction strategies / Chika Ezeanya, Abel Kennedy.
In: The Informal Economy in Developing Nations. - Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Made in Africa: innovation and efficiency at the level of the firm / Laura Nelima Barasa. - [The Netherlands]: [Publisher not identified], 2017.

Market innovation for economic diversification in Lagos : a resource-based perspective / Mercy M. Adeyeye.
In: Ghanaian journal of economics : a journal of the African Finance and Economics Consult, 2309-8945 volume 5, number 1, pages 96-116, 2017.

Barriers to innovation: the case of Ghana and implications for developing countries / Frank L. Bartels, Ritin Koria & Elisa Vitali.
In: Triple Helix, vol. 3, no. 1, pages 1-30, 2016.

Dimensions of education / ed. by Arbind Kumar Jha, Shireesh Pal Singh. - New Delhi: Renu Publishers, 2016.

The informal economy in developing nations : hidden engine of innovation? / Edited by Erika Kraemer-Mbula and Sacha Wunsch-Vincent. - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Informal manufacturing of home and personal care products in South Africa / Erika Kraemer-Mbula.
In: The Informal Economy in Developing Nations, pages 146-193. - 2016.

Innovation Africa : emerging hubs of excellence / edited by Olugbenga Adesida; Geci Karuri-Sebina; João Resende-Santos;. - Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited, cover "Innovation Africa"

Innovation and expansion : product innovation and expansion in insurance in South Africa : the case of Sanlam, 1920-1998 / Grietjie Verhoef.
In: Historia : amptelike orgaan 0018-229X , vol. 61, no. 1, p. 66-91 : tab, 2016.

Innovation hubs in Southern Africa / by Neville Raymond Comins; Erika Kraemer-Mbula.
In: Innovation Africa, pages 37-98. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016.

Innovation policy and the informal economy: toward a new policy framework / by Erika Kraemer-Mbula, Almany Konté.
In: The Informal Economy in Developing Nations, pages 296-335. - 2016.

L'intégration des connaissances et l'innovation dans les pays du Sud : cas des économies du Maghreb / sous la dir. de Abdelkader Djeflat. - Paris: L'Harmattan, 2016.

Realising innovation opportunities in sub-Saharan Africa / Sara Grobbelaar and Sylvia Schwaag Serger. - Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch Institute of Advanced International Studies (STIAS), 2016.

Understanding the innovativeness of information technology products and service providers in an IT cluster in Nigeria / Williams E. Nwagwu and Stanley Ibeku.
In: South African journal of library & information science 2304-8263 , vol. 82, no. 1, p. 36-52 : tab, 2016.

Financial inclusion and innovation in Africa / [ed. by Lemma W. Senbet]. - Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Innovation and the development nexus : prospects from rural enterprises in South Africa : research note / Tim Hart ... [et al.].
In: Africanus : skakelblad van die Departement van Naturelle-Administrasie, Universiteit van Suid-Afrika 0304-615X , vol. 45, no. 1, p. 1-9, 2015.

Innovation in Africa : why institutions matter / Stephen Oluwatobi ... [et al.].
In: South African journal of economics : the quarterly journal of the Economic Society of South Africa : die kwartaalblad van die Ekonomiese Vereniging van Suid-Afrika 1813-6982 , vol. 83, no. 3, p. 390-410 graf., tab, 2015.

Innovation & intellectual property : collaborative dynamics in Africa / Editors: Jeremy de Beer, Chris Armstrong, Chidi Oguamanam and Tobias Schonwetter. - Claremont, South Africa: Juta Academic, 2014.

Knowledge economy and financial sector competition in African countries / Simplice A. Asongu.
In: African development review : a journal of the African Development Bank for the study and analysis of development issues in Africa 1017-6772 , vol. 26, no. 2, p. 333-346 : tab, 2014.

L'environnement et le développement durable : les nouvelles alternatives / textes réunis par Bouchra Nadir. - [Rabat]: Université Mohammed V, Souissi, 2014.

A reactive approach to technological changes: solidarity's responses at the ArcelorMittal Vanderbijlpark Plant, 1989 to 2012 / Mondli Hlatshwayo.
In: Transformation : critical perspectives on Southern Africa 0258-7696 , no. 85, p. 43-63 : graf, 2014.

Creating systems of innovation in Africa : country case studies / Edited by Angathevar Baskaran, Mammo Muchie. - Cape Town: African Books Collective, 2013.

Innovation in high-technology SMMEs : the case of the new media sector in Cape Town / Irma Booyens, Neo Molotja, Madalitso Z. Phiri.
In: Urban forum 1015-3802 , vol. 24, no. 2, p. 289-306 : ill., tab, 2013.

Understanding the process of economic change : technology and opportunity in rural Tanzania / by Maia Green. - Dar es Salaam: Repoa, 2013.

University-industry linkages and knowledge creation in Eastern and Southern Africa : some prospects and challenges / Paschal B. Mihyo.
In: Africa review : journal of African Studies Association of India 0974-4053 , vol. 5, no. 1, p. 43-60, 2013.

Using visual ethnography to explore a principal's perceptions of innovations made in a South African primary school / G.M. Steyn.
In: Africa education review 1814-6627 , vol. 10, no. 3, p. 554-577 : foto's, fig., tab, 2013.

Emerging paradigms, technologies & innovations for sustainable development : global imperatives & African realities : programme & book of abstracts / volume editors: Kevin Urama, Kelali Adhana Tekle. - Nairobi: The Africa Technology Studies Network, 2012.

Frugal innovation in Africa: tracking Unilever's washing-powder sachets / Cees van Beers, Peter Knorringa & André Leliveld.
In: Transforming innovations in Africa : explorative studies on appropriation in African societies , p. 59-77 : tab, 2012.

Governance of science, technology and innovation in the East African community / by Godber W. Tumushabe. - Kampala: Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment, 2012.

Innovation in tourism : a new focus for research and policy development in South Africa / Irma Booyens.
In: Africa insight 0256-2804 , vol. 42, no. 2, p. 112-126 : fig., graf, 2012.

Inventeurs et savants noirs / Yves Antoine. - Paris: L'Harmattan, cover "Inventeurs et savants noirs"

Mining with a 'Vuvuzela' : reconfiguring artisanal mining in Southern Zimbabwe and its implications to rural livelihoods / Clifford Mabhena.
In: Journal of contemporary African studies 0258-9001 , vol. 30, no. 2, p. 219-233, 2012.

Network structure and innovative performance of African entrepreneurs : the case of Uganda / Gerrit Rooks, Adam Szirmai and Arthur Sserwanga.
In: Journal of African economies 0963-8024 , vol. 21, no. 4, p. 609-636 : fig., graf. tab, 2012.

Of labradors and libraries: the transformation of innovation on a farm in Kibale, western Uganda / Jan-Bart Gewald.
In: Transforming innovations in Africa : explorative studies on appropriation in African societies , p. 209-236 : foto's 2012.

Transforming innovations in Africa : explorative studies on appropriation in African societies / edited by Jan-Bart Gewald, André Leliveld, Iva Peša. - Leiden [etc.]: Brill, 2012.

Water innovations among the Maasai pastoralists of Kenya: the role of outside interventions in the performance of traditional shallow wells / Moses Mwangi & Marcel Rutten.
In: Transforming innovations in Africa : explorative studies on appropriation in African societies , p. 257-273 : foto's. krt 9789004245235, 2012.

Accès aux technologies en Algérie: imposition ou appropriation? / Hocine Khelfaoui.
In: African sociological review 1027-4332 , vol. 15, no. 1, p. 2-19, 2011.

Are small, medium- and micro-sized enterprises engines of innovation? The reality in South Africa / Irma Booyens.
In: Science and Public Policy, vol. 38, no. 1, pages 67-78, 2011.

Development drivers in Africa : role of innovation / Kobena T. Hanson and Frannie A. Léautier. - Harare: African Capacity Building Foundation, 2011.

Emerging technologies for building resilience to climate change effect: a case study in Dangbe East District of the Republic of Ghana / Mahu Seth Agbeve, Atsu Titiati and Wilhemina Quaye. - Nairobi: African Technology Policy Studies Network, 2011.

Entrepreneuriat et innovation au Congo-Brazzaville / sous la dir. de Jean-Christophe Boungou Bazika. - Paris: L'Harmattan, 2011.

The new harvest : agricultural innovation in Africa / by Calestous Juma. - New York [etc.]: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Access to knowledge in Egypt : new research in intellectual property, innovation and development / ed. by Nagla Rizk & Lea Shaver. - London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2010.

Adapting the innovation systems framework to Subsaharan Africa / by Erika Kraemer-Mbula and Watu Wamae.
In: Innovation and the Development Agenda, pages 65-90. - Paris: OECD Publishing, 2010.

The African manifesto for science, technology and innovation. - Nairobi: African Technology Policy Studies Network, 2010.

Gens du Sud : récits d'innovations / prés. par In Koli Jean Bofane ; Miguel Mennig ... [et al.]. - Bruxelles: Couleur livres, 2010.

Innovation and the development agenda / edited by Erika Kraemer-Mbula and Watu Wamae. Paris: OECD, 2010.

Real money, new frontiers : case studies of financial innovation in Africa / ed. by Mark Napier. - Claremont: Juta, 2010.

African economic outlook 2009 : Innovation and ICT in Africa / African Development Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development , Development Centre, United Nations Development Programme. - [Paris]: OECD Publishing, 2009.

Agribusiness and innovation systems in Africa / Kurt Larsen, Ronald Kim, and Florian Theus, editors. - Washington, DC : World Bank, 2009.

The art of truck modding on the Nile (Sudan): an attempt to trace creativity / Kurt Beck.
In: The speed of change : motor vehicles and people in Africa, 1890-2000 , p. 151-174 : foto's, krt 2009.

The evolution of the South African system of innovation since 1916 / by Mario Scerri. - Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009.

Existe-t-il une gouvernance des systèmes d'innovation en Afrique du Nord et au Moyen-Orient? / Rigas Arvanitis, Hatem M'henni, Lena Tsipouri.
In: Maghreb Machrek 1762-3162 , no. 202, p. 65-84 : tab, 2009.

Guide to ECD innovations in Africa : showcasing innovative ECD strategies, lessons learned and tools! = Guide des innovations relatives au DPE en Afrique : présentation des stratégies novatrices en DPE, les enseignements tirés et les outils! / Association for the Development of Education in Africa , Working Group on Early Childhood Development. - Dakar: Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA), Working Group on Early Childhood Development, 2009.

Negotiating licence and limits: expertise and innovation in Djenné's building trade / Trevor H.J. Marchand.
In: Africa : journal of the International African Institute 0001-9720 , vol. 79, no. 1, p. 71-91 : foto's, 2009.

Domestic and international innovation partnerships: do they matter for innovation outcomes of South African firms? / René M. Bakker, Leon A.G. Oerlemans and Tinus Pretorius.
In: South African journal of economics : the quarterly journal of the Economic Society of South Africa : die kwartaalblad van die Ekonomiese Vereniging van Suid-Afrika 0038-2280 , vol. 76, no. 3, p. 518-536 : fig., tab, 2008.

Le marché et la diffusion des innovations institutionnelles / Marcel Fafchamps.
In: Afrique contemporaine : documents d'Afrique noire et de Madagascar 0002-0478 , no. 226, p. 207-228 : graf., tab, 2008.

Sector plan for science, technology and innovation, 2008-2012 / The Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Higher Education, Science & Technology. - Nairobi: Office of the Prime Minister, Ministry of State for Planning, National Development, and Vision 2030, 2008.

Experiences, innovations and issues in agricultural extension in Uganda : lessons and prospects / ed. Margaret Najjingo Mangheni. - Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2007.

Industrial clusters and innovation systems in Africa : institutions, markets and policy / ed. by Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka and Dorothy McCormick. - Tokyo [etc.]: United Nations University Press, 2007.

Science, technology and sustainability in the Middle East and North Africa / ed.: Allam Ahmed. - Genève: Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, 2007.

L'intégration de la science au développement : expériences maghrébines / ouvrage coordonné par Hocine Khelfaoui. - Paris: Éditions Publisud, 2006.

Building bridges / Regional Agricultural Environmental Initiatives Network-Africa (RAEIN-Africa). - Windhoek: Regional Agricultural and Environmental Initiatives Network Africa, 2005.

Industrial competitiveness in Africa : lessons from East Asia / Sanjaya Lall with Erika Kraemer-Mbula. - London: ITDG, 2005.

Systems of innovation theory and the changing architecture of agricultural research in Africa / James Sumberg.
In: Food policy, vol. 30, no. 1, pages 21-41, 2005.

Human capital and systems of innovation in African development / Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka and Lou Anne Barclay.
In: African development review : a journal of the African Development Bank for the study and analysis of development issues in Africa 1017-6772 , vol. 16, no. 1, p. 115-138 : fig., graf., tab, 2004.

Putting Africa first : the making of African innovation systems / ed. by Mammo Muchie, Peter Gammeltoft, Bengt-Åke Lundvall. - Aalborg: Aalborg University Press, 2003.

Innovation and micro and small enterprise development in Africa : examples from Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zimbabwe / Meine Pieter van Dijk.
In: African development perspectives yearbook ... , vol. 9, p. [337]-358. - 2002.

Farmer innovation in Africa : a source of inspiration for agricultural development / edited by Chris Reij, Ann Waters-Bayer. - London: Earthscan Publications, 2001.


Selected web resources

Registered lectures

Jonathan D. Jansen: 'Decolonising the mind? - Stadig oor die klippers', Stephen Ellis Annual Lecture, 26 November 2020.
Read the lecture:

Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni: The Politics of Knowledge and the imperative of decolonization in Africa, Webinar of the Institute of African Studies, Carleton University, 2020.

Erika Kraemer-Mbula: Modalities of Innovation hubs and innovative entrepreneurs in Africa, Open African Innovation Research (AIR), 2019.
See also OpenAir publications and the Afrinnovation YouTube channel.

Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni: The Struggles of Epistemic Freedom and Decolonization of Knowledge in Africa, EADI Webinar #12, 2019.

Chika Ezeanya-Esiobu: How Africa can use its traditional knowledge to make progress,·TEDGlobal 2017.

Olúfẹ́mi Táíwò: Why Africa must become a center of knowledge again, TEDGlobal 2017.

Achille Mbembe: Future Knowledges and the Dilemmas of Decolonization, Duke Franklin Humanities Institute, 2017.

Other resourcesLogo AfricaKnows!

Country profiles: knowledge institutions in Africa and their development 1960-2020
Produced as part of the preparations for AfricaKnows!

4icu - uniRank
International higher education directory featuring reviews and rankings of over 13,800 officially recognized universities and colleges in 200 countries.

Association of African Universities (AAU)
Website of the AAU including publications and films.

Global Data Lab / Radboud University
The Global Data Lab develops databases and instruments for monitoring and analyzing the status and progress of societies. For data on education see the Education Index (under indices) and Mean Years of Schooling and Expected Years of Schooling (under indicators).

University World News
Online publication that reports on higher education news and developments from a global perspective. It includes an Africa edition.

UNESCO UIS: Data for Sustainable Development Goals
Publishes the latest data for the Sustainable Development Goals on education, science and culture of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS).

The World Higher Education Database (WHED)
The portal provides information on Higher Education Institutions, Systems and Credentials in over 180 countries.