Water-sector reforms and interventions in urban Kenya: their Impact on the livelihoods of the poor

Bobaracho Market Self-Help Group water kiosk. © Dick Foeken (ASC Leiden)The Kenyan government’s long-term objective is to ensure that all Kenyans, especially the poor, have access to clean water and that water is available for key economic activities. The water-sector reforms currently being implemented in Kenya under the Water Act 2002 are designed to contribute to the realization of this objective as well as to addressing the policy, regulations and service-provision weaknesses in the previous Water Act Cap 372. This research project has two main objectives, namely to describe and analyze the nature, extent and impact of water-sector reforms and interventions at the municipality level, and to assess the impact of these reforms on the livelihood of low-income urban households. These objectives will be achieved through household surveys, water-quality analysis, (in-depth) interviews and case studies in Kisumu, Homa Bay and Kisii.

Research project
2009 to 2018

Senior researchers

External affiliates

Dr Samuel O. Owuor, University of Nairobi, Department of Geography



urban water supply ; urban poverty ; urban livelihood ; political economy

Funding and cooperation