Annemarie Middelburg

Annemarie Middelburg is an independent consultant in the field of women’s rights, with an expertise on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C).

She holds an LLM in Public International Law & Human Rights and also completed the Research Master in Law (both cum laude). In March 2016, she successfully defended her PhD thesis entitled ‘Empty Promises? Compliance with the Human Rights Framework in relation to Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Senegal’ at Tilburg University, the Netherlands. Her book contains a legal analysis, literature research and an in depth empirical study. As part of her PhD research, she conducted a four-month field study in Senegal where she interviewed over 50 experts working in the field of FGM/C.

Besides writing her PhD thesis, Annemarie worked on various research projects, including for the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the Scientific Research and Documentation Center (WODC) of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and Victim Support the Netherlands.

In 2015 she started her own company Middelburg Human Rights Law Consultancy. In the past years she had assignments for Amnesty International, the End FGM European Network and several NGOs and law firms Europe. She also served as an expert witness during several court cases in relation to asylum and FGM/C in the United States and Europe.

Currently, Annemarie is working on an assignment for the UNFPA in West and Central Africa, conducting a study on the legal frameworks in relation to FGM/C in 12 countries. She recently traveled to Burkina Faso to conduct interviews with various stakeholders (government officials, police, judges, prosecutors, NGOs and international organizations). She is also teaching the courses ‘International Law’ and ‘Human Rights Law’ at the University of Amsterdam.

Her most recent article ‘Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting as a Ground for Asylum in Europe’ was published in November 2016 in the International Journal of Refugee Law.

Her interest lies in international law, human rights and cultural practices.



Fellow member
Middelburg Human Rights Law Consultancy
Expertise on: