The vagaries of violence and power in post-colonial Mozambique

TitleThe vagaries of violence and power in post-colonial Mozambique
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsG. Seibert
EditorG.J. Abbink, M.E. de Bruijn, and K. van Walraven
Secondary TitleRethinking resistance : revolt and violence in African history
Series titleAfrican dynamics, ISSN 1568-1777 ; vol. 2
Pagination254 - 276
Date Published2003///
Place PublishedLeiden
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number90-04-12624-4
KeywordsAfrica, Mozambique, rebellions, RENAMO, violence

Renamo fought a bloody war from 1976 to 1992 against the socialist Frelimo government that devastated the country, but since Renamo had been created by Rhodesia and subsequently supported by South Africa, the internal dimensions of the conflict were played down. However, the resistance of large sections of Mozambican society against the authoritarian politics of the Frelimo regime explains why Renamo did not remain a small guerrilla force but finally controlled entire regions of the country. The excessive violence against civilians by Renamo obscured the fact that in certain regions the movement enjoyed popular support. The conflict in Mozambique was both a modern war with sophisticated weapons and an armed conflict where ritual powers played a role. After the war, collective and individual rituals contributed to the reconciliation of the warring parties and the reintegration of individuals into their local communities. Notes, ref., sum. [Book abstract]

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