Multinationals, capital export, and the inclusive development debate in developing countries: the Nigerian insight

TitleMultinationals, capital export, and the inclusive development debate in developing countries: the Nigerian insight
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsA. Ezeoha, A. Akinyoade, I. Amobi, O. Ekumankama, P. Kamau, A. Kazimierczuk, C. Mukobo, I. Okoye, and C.U. Uche
Secondary TitleEuropean journal of development research
Date Published2022
Publication Languageeng
Keywordsbeer, cement industry, dairy industry, multinational enterprises, Nigeria

 In this paper, we employed a blend of multiple and historical case study design, and a mix of institutional, behavioral, resource-based, and multinational theories, to examine the nature of multinational companies’ (MNC) engagements in local economic development and capital export practices in an African context. Evidence from our Nigerian case analysis (FrieslandCampina, Nigerian Breweries Plc. and Dangote Cement) confrms the proposition that, faced with a similar degree of uncertainty and constrained institutional environment and laying claims to difering sources of competitive advantage, both local and foreign MNCs would repatriate profts and limit exposures to local value chains (LVCs) mainly as a strategy for mitigating country risks and preserving corporate value. Such limited exposures detach MNCs, especially the foreign ones, from the LVCs, and by doing so push them to deeper reliance on the global value chains (GVCs). Linking local businesses to the GVCs is central in the inclusive development (ID) debate essentially because it allows for the redistribution of economic benefts, helps in building a complementary (rather than competitive) relationship between MNCs and local businesses, and facilitates local businesses’ access to international markets. We, therefore, recommend that in pursuit of the inclusive and sustainable development projects in Africa, industrial policies need to be tailored toward stabilizing the policy environment, protecting investments from risk of expropriation, and incentivizing MNCs’ participation in the LVCs

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