Insecurity and pastoral development in the Sahel

TitleInsecurity and pastoral development in the Sahel
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsM.E. de Bruijn, and J.W.M. van Dijk
Secondary TitleDevelopment and change
Pagination115 - 139
Date Published1999///
Publication Languageeng
Keywords1991, agricultural policy, Fulani, Mali, pastoralists, policy, Sahel

The authors argue that conventional agroecological and organizational concepts used in pastoral development are strongly biased towards the formulation and enforcement of norms. This leads development experts to attempts to control pastoralists and their herds. The policies and development interventions based on these assumptions have been largely unsuccessful. As a consequence, attention for dryland areas and pastoral development has declined among researchers and development agencies. An important reason for this failure is the fundamental misfit between these normative concepts and the reality of dryland ecosystems and pastoral society. In order to show this, an alternative view on rangeland ecology and pastoral society is presented, supported by a case study of Fulbe pastoral society in dryland central Mali. The authors argue that approaches to pastoral development must be revised in the direction of the dynamics inherent in the pastoral way of life. The paper is based on field research carried out in central Mali in the periods March 1990-March 1991 and June 1991-February 1992. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum

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Citation Key2091