Impact of a mobile health system on the suppression of Schistosoma haematobium in Chad

TitleImpact of a mobile health system on the suppression of Schistosoma haematobium in Chad
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsD. Lalaye, M.E. de Bruijn, and T.P.V.M. de Jong
Secondary TitleAnnals of tropical medicine and hygiene
Date Published2021
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsChad, health care, mobile phone, schistosomiasis

This study determined the contribution of a mobile health (M-health) system to the treatment of Schistosoma haematobiumin a region of Chad where S. haematobium is endemic. M-health involves the use of a mobile phone for health care. The study compared the prevalence of schistosomiasis in an area with an M-health system, newly installed in 2014, with an area without an adequate health infrastructure. Data were gathered after the M-health system had been running for 3 years. We took urine samples from children age 1 to 15 years, for a total of 200 children in a village in the M-health area and 200 in a village in a non-M-health area. Urine was checked for urinary schistosomiasis by using dipsticks for microhematuria and, in cases of positive dipstick results, microscopy was used to detect eggs. Comparison between the areas allowed us to assess the effectiveness of the installed M-health system after 3 years of operation. Based on dipstick outcomes, the non-M-health area had an infection rate of 51.5% compared with 29% in the M-health area. Microscopy results in non-M-health and M-health were 27.5% and 21%, respectively. The dipstick result difference between M-health and non-M-health areas was statistically significant.

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Citation Key11621