Europe-Africa unequal pacts: the case of West African migration

TitleEurope-Africa unequal pacts: the case of West African migration
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsA. Idrissa
EditorV. Fargion, and M. Gazibo
Secondary TitleRevisiting EU-Africa relations in a changing world
Series titleNew horizons in European politics series
Date Published2021
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Place PublishedNorthampton
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number9781839109812
KeywordsEuropean Union, migration, West Africa

This chapter argues that unequal pacts lead to sub-optimal outcomes for both the inferior and the superior party. The European Union's attempts to grapple with West African migration in ways that would prevent Europe-bound migration while protecting the human rights of migrant have failed. The paper argues that a significant cause for this outcome lies in the policy dynamics that stem from the unequal positions of the EU and its West African counterparts. The EU compromised the chances of a productive pact when its dominant position led it to try to control the policies of the West African parties and overlook local issues and regional dynamics. The latter played out in the responses of Mali, Nigeria and the Economic Community of West Africa States to the EU's strategy, which they hamstrung. Niger is shown to be an exception for reasons having to do with its role in those West African regional dynamics.

Citation Key11402