Ecology and power in the periphery of Maasina : the case of the Hayre in the nineteenth century

TitleEcology and power in the periphery of Maasina : the case of the Hayre in the nineteenth century
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsM.E. de Bruijn, and J.W.M. van Dijk
Secondary TitleThe journal of African history
Pagination217 - 238
Date Published2001///
PublisherCambridge University Press
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsFulani, history, Mali, natural resource management, traditional polities

This article explores political tensions between successive 19th-century rulers of the inland delta of the Niger in central Mali - the Fulbe Diina (1818-1864) and the Futanke (1864-1893) - and the pastoral interests of the Fulbe chiefdoms on the eastern periphery of the area, a region known as the Hayre. Dalla was the main authority of the Fulbe in the Hayre, which in the second half of the century was divided into two Fulbe chiefdoms: Booni and Dalla. The Diina, or Maasina State developed a strict political and economic organization, including a set of rules regarding natural resource management. By contrast, the Futanke introduced chaos into the area as it lacked a strict organization, a legitimate power base and a network of power relations. Analysis of the changing forms of local governance and natural resource management in the Hayre demonstrates that although different strategies were employed by the Fulbe and Futanke States to control the area, the internal dynamics of the Hayre can only partly be explained by the influence of these central powers. In each period, the pendulum swung between external control and the internal dynamics of the Hayre, and the area was never an integral part of an undivided empire. Notes, ref., sum

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