Defying United Nations sanctions: three reasons for African engagement with North Korea

TitleDefying United Nations sanctions: three reasons for African engagement with North Korea
Publication TypeOther
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsT.A. van der Hoog
Series titleOn Korea: academic paper series
Pagination - 12
Date Published2022
PublisherKorea Economic Institute of America (KEI)
Place PublishedWashington DC
Publication Languageeng
Keywordscooperations, North Korea, sanctions, Southern Africa, United Nations
Abstract

The United Nations (UN) sanctions against North Korea are weakened by structural evasion techniques and weak enforcement. The African continent is a crucial node in the global illicit networks of North Korea. This paper examines three motives for African states to cooperate with North Korea, with a particular focus on the context of southern Africa: historical affinity (reciprocity), the practical issue of maintenance dependency (necessity), and the presence of weak enforcement regimes (opportunity). Based on a deep reading of UN Panel of Experts reports, academic literature and policy papers, novel archival material, and an interview with a defected North Korean diplomat, this paper argues that solutions to strengthen the sanctions regime can be successful only if they are grounded in African initiatives.

Notes

https://keia.org/publication/defying-united-nations-sanctions-three-reasons-for-african-engagement-with-north-korea/

 

 

Citation Key11756