Monica Lengoiboni

Monica Lengoiboni is a Geographer whose research concerns pastoralists’ seasonal migrations; the spatial and temporal components of their customary land rights; and how such flexible land rights could be accommodated, instead of being left out in the formal system of land administration and cadastres. Formal or statutory land tenures continue to expand in the Kenyan rangelands. And often, the formal law associated is ‘stronger’ than customary law. Social, environmental and economic effects due to reduced mobility have been substantial, yet pastoralism remains the dominant land use in the drylands. Monica’s PhD thesis pays close attention to the processes through which people gain access to statutory tenure (cadastral processes of adjudication, survey and registration). She argues that incorporating migration rights in the formal system requires inclusion during the adjudication process, and aligning those rights to the migration corridors and migration calendars. Legal empowerment would give pastoralists the opportunity to use the formal law to enforce their land rights if those rights are tampered with. Of course, flexibility for change of migration and grazing patterns needs to be taken into consideration, when necessary.

Her research interests also include:

Land tenure and governance
Mapping of pastoralists ‘traditional’ migration routes and changing grazing patterns associated with declining availability of grazing land
Emerging land use arrangements necessitated by the declining availability of grazing land
Use of mobile phones by pastoralists to determine or influence mobility and access to pasture and pastoral economies
Participatory GIS mapping

Fellow member
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