African sport

From 24 January to 14 February 2004, the 24th edition of  Africa's premier soccer showcase, the African Cup of Nations, was held in Tunis. To mark this occasion, the Library, Documentation and Information Department of the African Studies Centre has compiled a web dossier on African sport. It contains a selection of  titles from the ASC library's online catalogue as well as selected web resources on African book cover Afrika voetbalt!sport in general and soccer in particular. The dossier covers titles of monographs, articles and chapters from edited works. They are arranged in three sections:

  1. Sport and Society
  2. Sport Policies and Politics
  3. African Soccer

Each title in the dossier links directly to the corresponding record in the online catalogue, which provides a more detailed description of the titles as well as abstracts of articles and edited works. For further information, please email us at asclibrary@ascleiden.nl or phone: +31 (0)71 5273354.
 

Introduction

Since the late 1950s, Africa has made its presence felt in global sports. The continent's sports stars have made a particular impact on international soccer (football).  African performances at the football World Cup and the Olympics show that Africa's most vibrant soccer nations have emerged as notable challengers to the traditional preeminence of Europe and South America. These performances on the field have been matched by the improving profile of Africa within the governance of world soccer. The inception of the African Cup of Nations Championship and other regional and continental sports competitions did not only envisage the development of sports, but also the creation and fostering of a sense of continental cooperation. 

The Confederation of African Football (CAF) was established in 1957 to stage the inaugural African Cup of Nations. Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia took part in the first tournament after South Africa was expelled for refusing to send a mixed-race team to Sudan. The 1960s were a time of expansion for the CAF, and a decade when the Cup of Nations grew in importance. 

The tournament is held every two years and the number of teams participating in the finals has continually increased,  reaching 16 for the first time in 1998. Over the years, West African players have ended North Africa's dominance of the continent's favourite sport. Cameroon beat Nigeria in 2000 and retained the title by beating Senegal in 2002.

At the 2004 African Cup of Nations, three countries were made their first appearance: Rwanda, Zimbabwe and Benin. By the end of the first round, the 2004 tournament had already provided a lot of attacking football, with more goals scored than in the entire previous tournament. The presence of most of Africa's key strikers in Tunisia has contributed to this improvement. In the quarter-finals Cameroon's hopes of a third successive African Cup of Nations title ended, while Nigeria secured a place in  the semi-finals, together with Morocco, Mali, and the host country Tunisia.
 

Sport and Society

Bukom and the social history of boxing in Accra: warfare and citizenship in precolonial Ga society / by Emmanuel Akyeampong
In: The International Journal of African Historical Studies: (2002), vol. 35, no. 1, p. 39-60 : foto's

Imagined Olympians : body culture and colonial representation in Rwanda / John Bale. - Minneapolis [etc.] : University of Minnesota Press, cop. 2002. - XXX, 277 p. : fig., foto's.  - (Sport and culture series ; 3). Bibliogr.: p. 239-266. - Met gloss., index, noten
ISBN 0-8166-3385-1. ISBN 0-8166-3386-X pbk

The spirit of competition: 'wak' in Burkina Faso / Patrick Royer
In: Africa / International African Institute: (2002), vol. 72, no. 3, p. 464-483

Sports development : obstacles and solutions in South Africa / David Bogopa
In: The African Anthropologist: (2001), vol. 8, no. 1, p. 85-95

The white man's body: Danish gymnasts in South Africa, 1939 / Hans Bonde
In: South African Historical Journal: (2001), no. 44, p. 143-162

Unlikely heroes : the dynamics of African sports / text Marc Broere ; photogr.Pieter van der Houwen ; [transl. from the Dutch]. - Amsterdam [etc.] : De Arbeiderspers, cop. 2001. - 239 p. : ill. Vert. van: Het zout van Afrika. - Amsterdam [etc.] : De Arbeiderspers, 2001. ISBN 90-295-0425-0

Het zout van Afrika : sporthelden van een dynamisch continent / tekst Marc Broere ; fotogr. Pieter van der Houwen. - Amsterdam [etc.] : De Arbeiderspers, cop. 2001. - 239 p. : ill.  ISBN 90-295-0415-3

Community upliftment in the field of sports / Ronnie Govender
In: Africa Quarterly: (1999), vol. 39, no. 3, spec. issue, p. 203-209

Rugby and the South African nation : sport, cultures, politics and power in the old and new South Africas / David R. Black and John Nauright. - Manchester [etc.] : Manchester University Press, 1998. - XII, 163 p. : krt. (International studies in the history of sport, ISSN 0955-8284). Met index, noten. ISBN 0-7190-4931-8. ISBN 0-7190-4932-6

Sport, cultures and identities in South Africa / John Nauright. - London [etc.] : Leicester University Press, 1997. - X, 214 p., [4] p. foto's. : ill.  - (Sport and nation). Bibliogr.: p. [198]-211. - Met index, noten. ISBN 0-7185-0049-0. ISBN 0-7185-0072-5 pbk

book cover Le sport en noir et blancLe sport en noir et blanc : du sport colonial au sport africain dans les anciens territoires français d'Afrique occidentale (1920-1965) / Bernadette Deville-Danthu. - Paris [etc.] : L'Harmattan, cop. 1997. - 543 p., [16] p. foto's. : ill. (Espaces et temps du sport). Bibliogr.: p. 515-525. - Met bijl., chronologie, indices, noten. ISBN 2-7384-4978-6

Het Surma stokduel: sport en ritueel geweld / J. Abbink
In: De Baobab: (1997), jrg. 12, nr. 3, p. 15-20 : foto

Kenyan running : movement culture, geography and global change / John Bale and Joe Sang. - London [etc.] : Cass, 1996. - XVI, 209 p. : ill. Bibliogr.: p. [193]-206. - Met index, noten.
ISBN 0-7146-4684-9. ISBN 0-7146-4218-5 pbk

Analysis of student-teacher interactions in primary school physical education classes in NIgeria: a comparison by subject matter taught and by sex of students /  Aminu Momodu
In:  Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research: (1995), vol. 7, no. 2, p. 158-169

Availability of physical education learning resources in selected secondary schools in Uasin Gishu District, Kenya / W.W.S. Njororai
In: Journal of Eastern African Research & Development: (1995), vol. 25, p. 161-170 : tab

Beyond the tryline : rugby and South African society / Albert Grundlingh, André Odendaal and Burridge Spies. - Johannesburg : Ravan Press, 1995. - 135 p. : ill. Met noten. ISBN 0-86975-457-2

An analysis of sports in Kenyan educational institutions / P. Mählmann, in collab. with J.M. Asembo and M. arap Korir
In: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development: (1993), vol. 23, p. 160-175 : fig

Mobilising women for sports development in Nigeria : the challenge of our time / ed. F.B. Adeyanju, J.S. Aliu, M.A. Chado. - Kaduna : Lantern Printers, 1993. - VI, 167 p. : tab. Proceedings of the second national conference, Nigerian Association of Women in Sports (NAWIS) held at Lokoja, Kogi State 5th & 6th May, 1993. - Met bibliogr

Don't deny my dreams : stories of black youth playing sport in apartheid South Africa / Cheryl Roberts. - Cape Town : Township Publishing Co-Operative, cop. 1992. - 100 p. ISBN 0-620-17184-7

Les faux rebonds de l'ovale / Jean-Pierre Bodis
In: Politique africaine: (1992), no. 48, p. 89-102

The role of sport in the process of modernisation : the Kenyan case / Peter Mählmann
In: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development: (1992), vol. 22, p. 120-131 : tab

La course de pirogues chez les riverains de la Ruki / Ibola Yende
In: Annales aequatoria: (1990), vol. 11, p. 415-420 : tab

Physical activity and development in Kenya / Peter Mählmann
In: Transafrican Journal of History: (1990), vol. 19, p. 165-179

The social history of leisure and sport in colonial Brazzaville / by Phyllis Martin. - Boston, MA : Boston University, African Studies Center, 1990. - 11 bl.  - (Discussion papers in the African humanities ; no. 7). Paper presented at the Seminar on Popular culture and performance, held at Boston University, May 11-12, 1989, as part of the project "African expressions of the colonial experience". - Met lit. opg

Perception of sport in Kenya / Peter Mählmann
In: Journal of Eastern African Research and Development: (1989), vol. 19, p. 119-145 : fig., tab

South Africa's black Victorians : sport, race and class in South Africa before Union / André Odendaal 
In: Africa Perspective (1986/89), n.s. vol. 1, no. 7/8, p. 72-93

Sport in Libyen : über Körperkultur als Indikator gesellschaftlicher Widersprüche / Henning Eichberg
In: Matatu: (1989), vol. 3, no. 5, p. 81-98 : fig

Sport as a weapon of colonialism in Kenya : a review of the literature / Peter Mählmann
In: Transafrican Journal of History: (1988), vol. 17, p. 152-171

Les associations sportives au Sénégal / par Jean-Marie Mignon. - Talence : Centre d'Étude d'Afrique Noire, Institut d'Études Politiques de Bordeaux, 1987. - 16 p.  - (Travaux et documents, ISSN 0298-8879 ; no. 15)

Sport in Africa : essays in social history / ed. by William J. Baker and James A. Mangan. - New York, N.Y. ; London : Africana, cop. 1987. - XIII, 309 p. : ill., foto's, krt. ISBN 0-8419-0906-7. ISBN 0-8419-0940-7 pbk.

Sports et loisirs / ouvrage réal. sous la dir. de Hassan Rahmouni. - Rabat : GEM ; Bergamo : Gruppo Walk Over, cop. 1987. - 239 p. : ill., fig., foto's, graf., krt., tab.  - (La grande encyclopédie du Maroc ; 11). Met bibliogr. - Bevat: T.1: Sports et loisirs; T.2: Education

Sport im Kolonialismus - Kolonialismus im Sport : zur Genese und Funktion des Sports in Kolonial-Afrika von 1870 bis 1918 / Peter Rummelt. - Köln : Pahl-Rugenstein, 1986. - [IV], 341 p., [42] p. foto's. : chronol., foto's, krt., tab.  - (Pahl-Rugenstein Hochschulschriften : Gesellschafts- und Naturwissenschaften ; 213. Serie : Dritte Welt).  Met bibliogr., ind., noten. ISBN 3-7609-5213-5

Afrique : jeunesses uniques, jeunesse encadrée : institutions de jeunesse d'éducation populaire et de sports dans onze pays d'Afrique francophone / Jean-Marie Mignon. - Paris : L'Harmattan, 1984. - 260 p. Met bibliogr., noten

The South African game : sport and racism / Robert Archer and Antoine Bouillon. - [New ed.]. - London : Zed Press, 1982. - viii, 352p.  - (Africa series. Labour studies). Oorspr. titel: Sport et apartheid. - Paris : Albatros, 1981. ISBN 0-86232-066-6. ISBN 0-86232-082-8 pbk

Recreational facilities, sport and voluntary organisations / J. Cornell, O. Wollheim
In: Race discrimination in South Africa; a review / ed. by S.T. van der Horst: (1981), p. 211-236
 

Sport Policies and Politics

Sport, argent et politique: la lutte libre à Dakar (1800-2000) / Ousseynou Faye
In: Le Sénégal contemporain / sous la dir. de Momar-Coumba Diop. - Paris : Karthala: (cop. 2002), p.309-340

Politics and cricket: the D'Oliveira affair of 1968 / Bruce K. Murray
In: Journal of Southern African Studies: (2001), vol. 27, no. 4, p. 667-684

Improving sports in Uganda / Polycarp K. Kakooza. - Kampala : Fountain Publishers, 1999. - V, 49 p. : foto's, tab. Met bijl. ISBN 9970-02169-9

Le développement des activités sportives en Afrique occidentale française: un bras de fer entre sportifs et administration coloniale (1920-1956) / par Bernadette Deville-Danthu
In: Revue française d'histoire d'outre-mer: (1998), t. 85, no. 318, p. 105-118 : tab

book cover The race gameThe race game : sport and politics in South Africa / Douglas Booth. - London [etc.] : Cass, 1998. - XXI, 250 p., [8] p. pl. : ill., krt. - (Cass series: sport in the global society, ISSN 1368-9789). Met lit. opg., index. ISBN 0-7146-4799-3. ISBN 0-7146-4354-8

De sportboycot van Nigeria : sport, politiek en mensenrechten / R.C.R. Siekmann
In: Internationale Spectator: (1998), jrg. 52, nr. 7/8, p. 400-405

L'espérance sportive de Tunis : genèse d'un mythe bourguibien / Franck Moroy
In: Monde arabe: (1997), no. 157, p. 69-77

The rules of the game : struggles in black recreation and social welfare policy in South Africa / Alan Gregor Cobley. - Westport, Conn. [etc.] : Greenwood Press, 1997. - 182 p. - (Contributions in Afro-American and African studies, ISSN 0069-9624 ; no. 182). Bibliogr.: p. [163]-169. - Met index, noten. ISBN 0-313-30108-5

The South African Council on Sport and the political antinomies of the sports boycott / Douglas Booth
In: Journal of Southern African Studies: (1997), vol. 23, no. 1, p. 51-66

Tribal recreation and recreating tribalism : culture, leisure and social control on South Africa's gold mines, 1940-1950 / Cecile Badenhorst and Charles Mather
In: Journal of Southern African Studies: (1997), vol. 23, no. 3, p. 473-489 : tab

Mandela and Amabokoboko: the political and linguistic nationalisation of South Africa? / by Douglas Booth
In: The Journal of Modern African Studies: (1996), vol. 34, no. 3, p. 459-477

Le rugby sud-africain : le "sport de l'homme blanc" ambassadeur d'une nation multiraciale? / Patrice Galand
In: Politique africaine: (1996), no. 61, p. 139-144

Le rugby sud-africain : histoire d'un sport en politique / Jean-Pierre Bodis. - Paris [etc.] : Karthala [etc.], cop. 1995. - 210 p. : krt., tab.  (Hommes et sociétés, ISSN 0290-6600). Bibliogr.: p. [193]-210. - Met bijl., noten. ISBN 2-86537-580-3

Sporting colours : sport and politics in South Africa / Mihir Bose. - London : Robson Books, 1994. - XII, 256 p., [8] p. foto's. Met index. ISBN 0-86051-861-2

A target-oriented analysis of sports in Kenya / P. Mählmann, in collab. with J.M. Asembo and M. arap Korir
In: Journal of Eastern African Research & Development: (1994), vol. 24, p. 102-117 : fig

Ewolusiegang van openbare beleid vir ontspanningsvoorsiening in Suid-Afrika se swart stedelike woonbuurtes / G.D.H. Wilson & P.S. Hattingh
In: Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe: (1992), jg. 32, nr. 1, p. 13-25 : fig., tab

"Au sport, citoyens!" / J.-P. Augustin et Y.K. Drabo
In: Politique africaine: (1989), no. 33, p. 59-65

Politics, sport and education in South Africa / John Davies
In: African Affairs: (1986), vol. 85, no. 340, p. 351-363

Illusion and reality in South Africa's sport policy / Barry Streek
In: South Africa International: (1985/86), vol. 16, no. 1, p. 29-41

Class, race, and sport in South Africa's political economy / Grant Jarvie. - London [etc.] : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985. - IX, 107 p. Met lit. opg. en index. ISBN 0-7102-0443-4

South African sport : Apartheid's Achilles heel? / P. Martin
In: World Today: (1984), vol. 40, no. 6, p. 234-243

International sports against apartheid
In: Ufahamu: (1983/84), vol. 13, no. 2/3, p. 60-97

The role of the international sports boycott in the liberation of South Africa / R. Kelley
In: Ufahamu: (1983/84), vol. 13, no. 2/3, p. 26-38

Apartheid : the real hurdle : sport in South Africa & the international boycott / by Sam Ramsamy. - London : International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa, 1982. - 107 p., [5] p. pl. : ill. ISBN 0-904759-50-4

The use of sports in policy implementation : the case of Tanzania / Dean E. McHenry Jr.
In: Journal of Modern African Studies: (1980), vol. 18, no. 2, p. 237-256
 

African Soccer

24ème Coupe d'Afrique des Nations / B. Krimi, Paul de Manfred
In: Marchés tropicaux et méditerranéens: (2003), année 59, no. 3037, p. 143-150

Africa, the FIFA presidency, and the governance of world football: 1974, 1998, and 2002 / Paul Darby
In: Africa Today: (2003), vol. 50, no. 1, p. 3-24

L'électricité, le pouvoir et le football en Guinée (Coupe du monde 2002) / Odile Goerg
In: Politique africaine: (2002), no. 88, p. 168-173

Légendes et vérités du football malien / par Aly Badara Kéïta. - [S.l.] : EDIM, [ca. 2002]. - 106 p. : foto's

book cover Musa MollohMusa Molloh : voetbal, jongerenorganisatie en maraboutisme in een Gambiaans dorp / Meindert Korevaar. - [S.l. : s.n.], 2002. - 108 p. : fig., foto's, tab. ;  Doctoraal scriptie Sociologie der Niet-Westerse Samenlevingen, Universiteit Leiden. - Bibliogr.: p. 98-101. - Met bijl., noten

Playing to the gallery? : sport, cultural performance, and social identity in South Africa, 1920s-1945 / by Peter C. Alegi
In: The International Journal of African Historical Studies: (2002), vol. 35, no. 1, p. 17-38

Moving the goalposts : playing styles, sociability, and politics in South African soccer in the 1960s / by Peter C. Alegi. - Boston : African Studies Center, Boston University, cop. 2000. - 23 bl. (Working papers ; 225). Met noten

 Nframa : zwarte ster / Lydia Rood. - 2e dr. - Amsterdam : Ooievaar, 2000. - 233 p. Rugtitel: Nframa, zwarte ster. - 1e dr.: Amsterdam : Prometheus, 1999. ISBN 90-5713-485-3

La sorcellerie comme mode de causalité politique / Michael G. Schatzberg
In: Politique africaine: (2000), no. 79, p. 33-47

Football et mobilisation identitaire : la "réinvention des traditions" par les jeunes Baga de Guinée / Ramon Sarro
In: Politique africaine: (1999), no. 74, p. 153-161

Le développement des activités sportives en Afrique occidentale française: un bras de fer entre sportifs et administration coloniale (1920-1956) / par Bernadette Deville-Danthu
In: Revue française d'histoire d'outre-mer: (1998), t. 85, no. 318, p. 105-118 : tab

Football et identité / André Ntonfo
In: Présence africaine: (1998), no. 158, p. 119-135

Giganten van Afrika : de hoge vlucht van Nigeria's Super Eagles / Jan Antonissen, Vincent Loozen, Stephan Vanfleteren. - Leuven : Van Halewyck, cop. 1998. - 191 p. : foto's.  ISBN 90-5617-157-7

Olà! : récits & fictions courtes / [Nick Hornby ... et al.]. - Paris : Le serpent à plumes, cop. 1998. - 163 p.  Ondertitel op omslag: Onze écrivains au stade. ISBN 2-8426-1067-9

Afrika voetbalt! / Marc Broere en Roy van der Drift ; [eindred. Hansje Galesloot ; cartogr.: M. Rieff]. - Amsterdam : Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen ; Den Haag : Novib ; Brussel : NCOS, cop. 1997. - 144 p. : foto's, krt., tab. Bibliogr.: p. 144. ISBN 90-6832-265-6

The Gabon disaster : Zambia's soccer miracle / ed. by Ridgeway Liwena and Monde Sifuniso. - Lusaka : Ridgeway Liwena Publishing House, cop. 1997. - VI, 203 p., [9] bl. foto's. : foto's. ISBN 9982-83100-3

Kickin' it: leisure, politics and football in colonial Zanzibar, 1900s-1950s / Laura Fair
In: Africa / International African Institute: (1997), vol. 67, no. 2, p. 224-251 : foto's, krt

War between two villages [Beeld & geluid] / regie Luckas Vander Taelen ; producent Annemiek van der Zanden ... [et al.]. - Breda [etc.] : Zuidenwind Filmprodukties [etc.], [ca. 1997]. - 1 videocassette (40 min.). : kleur, geluid. - (The African dream) Nederlands ondertiteld

Colonialism and football: the first Nigerian tour to Britain / Phil Vasili
In: Race & Class: (1994/95), vol. 36, no. 4, p. 55-70

"...and its a gooaal!" : Fussball in Afrika / Ulf Engel, Peter Körner, Andreas Mehler
In: Afrika Jahrbuch: (1994), p. 61-70 : tab

Street rivalry and patron-managers : football in Sharpeville, 1943-1985 / Ian Jeffrey
In: African Studies: (1992), vol. 51, no. 1, p. 68-94 : fig., krt

Le football africain : trente ans de Coupe d'Afrique des nations / Faouzi Mahjoub. - Paris  : Groupe Jeune Afrique, 1988. - 237 p. : foto's.  (Jeune Afrique livres ; 5) Op de omslag: Collection Je sais. ISBN 2-85258-387-9
 

Selected Web Resources

The ASC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.

Sports News
http://allafrica.com/sport/
http://sport.iafrica.com/
http://www.afrique-sport.com/

Africa South of the Sahara, Topics: Sports
Sports section of the excellent subject guide on Africa maintained by Karen Fung for the ICT Group, African Studies Association, USA. See also Topics Soccer and South African Sports
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/sports.html

Africa Cup of Nations
Cameroon Winner 2002 Cup of Nations Information on past competitions and news about the next Africa Cup of Nations
http://www.cafonline.com/competition/african-cup-of-nations-angola_2010/

BBC Sport – Football - African
http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/african/

Federation Tunisienne de Football
Tunisia is the host country of the African Cup of Nations 2004. In French
http://www.ftf.org.tn/accueil.php

Confederation of African Football
Consists of all African National Football Associations  which are members of FIFA. Based in Egypt.
http://www.cafonline.com/

Africa Foot
"LE site du football africain", based in France. Has soccer news, information on teams and players, critical comments by Jacques Roux, dossiers on tournaments, anecdotes, and an email forum. In French.
http://www.footafrica365.fr/

Fussball in Afrika: gehört die Zukunft den 'demokratischen Löwen'?
Special issue of Afrika im Blickpunkt (Institut für Afrika-Kunde), no. 3, Juli 2002. By Andreas Mehler. In German.
http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=0c54e3b3-1e9c-be1e-2c24-a6a8c7060233&lng=en&id=89243